EXERCISE NO. 2. Interpreting Political CartoonsINSTRUCTION:Select two political cartoons that are dated between 2007 up topresent from among the top Newspapers in the Philippines. You maylook at the Library or search it in the Internet.Choose Political Cartoons which depict two (2) of the followingissues: 1. Suffrage 2. Environmental Protection 3. Due Process 4. Freedom of Expression 5. Freedom of Religion 6. Presumption of Innocence 7. Martial Law 8. Mindanao Rebellion 9. Insurgency 10. Human Rights Abuses 11. Public Accountability and Transparency 12. Impeachment 13. Independence of the Judiciary 14. Filipino Citizenship 15. Poverty in the Philippines 16. Graft and Corruption 17. Political Dynasty 18. Political Party Loyalty 19. Education 20. Agrarian Reform
Analyzing political cartoons. Analyze the political cartoons youchoose in the following manner:1) What is the event or issue that inspired the cartoon? Whatbackground knowledge do you need to understand the message?2) Are there any real people in the cartoon? If so, who are theyand what have they done that created an issue upon which thecartoonist wants to comment? If not, what is the issue all about? 3) What techniques did the cartoonist use and how do they help you understand his/her perspective?If you own the newspaper clippings, cut the political cartoons orphotocopy it and paste it in the Exercises Sheet in your workbookwith heading on the issues you have selected.One political cartoon, including the analysis, per page.Submission: 1. On line submission with your scanned political cartoon and the analysis on or before September 30, 2012. Send your soft copy to my email at email@example.com with the following subject: SUBJECT: (YOUR FAMILY AND SECTION): POLITICAL CARTOON 2. Submission of Hard Copy: For TTH Classes: October 2, 2012 For WF Classes: October 3, 2012
Example:EXERCISE NO. 2 RH BILLANALYSIS: (Answering the questions above)
WHAT IS A POLITICAL CARTOON?A political cartoon is created to make people thinkabout an issue facing society and to express thecartoonist’s perspective on the issue.Cartoonists use a number of different techniques tocommunicate their perspective.Symbolism Using an object to stand After you identify the for larger concepts or symbols in cartoon, think ideas. about what the cartoonist intends each symbol to stand for.Exaggeration/caricature Sometimes cartoonists When you study a overdo, or exaggerate, cartoon, look for any the physical characteristics that seem characteristics of people overdone or overblown or things in order to make (facial characteristics and a point (e.g. big nose, clothing are some of the bushy eyebrows, large most commonly ears). exaggerated characteristics). Then, try e.g. President’s nose. to decide what point the Pres. GMA’s neck. cartoonist was trying to make through exaggeration.Captioning and labels Sometimes a cartoonist Make sure that you look will label something to at the entire cartoon for make sure that there is details that might include no confusion for readers labels. (i.e. to make it clear exactly what they stand Ask yourself why the for). The labels and cartoonist chose to label captioning might also add a particular object of emphasis to a certain person. Does the label point of the cartoon. make the meaning of the
object clearer?Analogy A comparison between to After you’ve studied a unlike things that share cartoon for a while, try to some common decide what the cartoon’s characteristics. By main analogy is. What comparing a complex two situations does the issue or situation with a cartoon compare? Once more familiar one, you understand the main cartoonists can help their analogy, decide if this readers see it in a comparison makes the different light. cartoonist’s point clearer.Irony The difference between When you look at a the way things are and cartoon, see if you can the way they should be, find any irony in the or the way things are situation the cartoon expected to be. depicts. If you can, think Cartoonists often use about what point the irony to express their irony might be intended opinion on an issue. to emphasize. Does the irony help the cartoonist express his or her opinion more effectively?Juxtaposition Positioning people or What message does the objects close together or cartoonist send by side by side, especially comparing or contrasting for comparison or people or objects? contrast.
Examples of Symbols used in Political Cartoonspeace - dove, olive branch, victory sign.Philippines – Maria Clara, flagLeftist/Communist - hammer and sickle, red star,bearDeath - vulture, skeleton with shroud, skull andcrossbones, grim reaper. Love - heart, Cupid, Venus. Money - Peso bill or sign. Heroes or good guys - wear white. Villains or bad guys - wear black.