ARTICLE 2: FIRST PART, 1987 PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION
• contains 28 sections divided into two parts. The first part: Enumerates the principles of the State such as the democratic and republican nature of the Philippine State; the supremacy of civilian authority over themilitary; the peoples duty to defend the State; separation of Church and State; and renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy. The second part: stipulates the State policies such as the promotion of an independent foreign policy; recognition of the youths and womens role in nation- building; promotion of a comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform; and the promotion of social justice.
The These rests with the executive and legislative departments, and thepolitical electorate cannot demand theircreed of the enforcement through the courts. The remedy is political.nation. But indirectly, some of these principles may guide the courts in determining the validity of statutes or executive acts in justiciable cases. Lays down the fundamental principles and policies the government in their policy-determining functions.
Section 1:The Philippines, a DEMOCRATIC andREPUBLICAN State.Sovereignty resides inthe people.All Government AuthorityEmanates from thepeople.
Section 2 • Renunciation of War as an instrument of national policy • DOCTRINE OF INCORPORATION - Adaptation of the generally accepted principles ofInternational law as part of our law. • Adherence to the POLICY OF PEACE with all nation.
Section 3• Supremacy of civilian authority over themilitary.• Armed Forces of the Philippines, protector ofthe people and State.
Section 4Prime duty of the Government: SERVE and PROTECT the PEOPLE• Defending the State: Personal, Military and civil service.
Section 5BLESSINGS OF DEMOCRACY: Maintenance ofPeace and Order, Protection of Life, Libertyand Property and Promotion of the GeneralWelfare
Section 6 Freedom of ReligionINVIOLABILITY on the Freedom From ReligionSEPARATION of Freedom to BelieveChurch and State Freedom to Act on One’s Belief