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Form based codes huntington


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Form Based Code Powerpoint Presentation

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Form based codes huntington

  1. 1. Form Based Codes Huntington, VT
  2. 2. Transect Diagram
  3. 3. A Form Based Code… • Regulates development to achieve a specific urban form. • Creates a predictable public realm by controlling physical form primarily, with a lesser focus on land use, through the municipalities regulations. • Responds to the modern challenges of urban sprawl, the deterioration of historic neighborhoods, and neglect of pedestrian safety in new development. • Addresses the deficiencies of conventional single-use zoning regulations that discourage compact, walkable development.
  4. 4. Advantages of Form-Based Codes• Are prescriptive• Create predictable physical result.• Shape a high quality built environment.• Regulate development at individual building or lot scale• Encourage independent development by multiple property owners, reducing need for large land assemblies and mega-projects.• Define and codify a neighborhoods existing "DNA.”• Are easier to use by non-professionals - shorter, more concise, and organized for visual access and readability.• Are easier for non-planners to determine compliance.
  5. 5. Advantages of Form-Based Codes“Form Based Codes allow the community todecide what it wants to “be” rather than allowingdevelopers determine what it will become.”
  6. 6. Advantages of Form-Based Codes• Eliminates the need for design guidelines and more easily enforced• Requires less oversight by discretionary review bodies;• Fosters a less politicized planning process;• Saves time and money• Shapes high quality public realm and promotes healthy civic interaction.
  7. 7. Traditional Zoning Form-Based CodesOverall Focus on form of Use-basedFocus building, less on useRegulatory Districts Districts and StreetsApproach Emphasis on uses; Emphasis on building building placement form; relation to the unpredictable public realmUse Focus Single use districts Allows a mix of usesBuilding Uniformity in Diversity inFocus neighborhoods neighborhoods Focus on architectural Limited design standards form & public spaces Setbacks Build to lines Focus on site - little Attention to the publicStreet Focus emphasis on right-of-way realm & streetscape
  8. 8. Form-Based CodesALLOW• Mixed uses• Diversity of housing options/housing types• Moderately higher densities• Street connectivity• Multi-functional streets/boulevards• Compact and walkable neighborhoods• Creative Mix of Land Uses• Hierarchy of Roadways to Create Places• Residential or Mixed-Uses Along ArterialsCREATE• Great places• Multi-use roadways (pedestrians, bike, car, bus)STOP• Isolated Land Uses in Single Pods• Maximizing Revenues by Maximizing Commercial Uses
  9. 9. Will Form Based Codes dictate style?
  10. 10. Building Envelope
  11. 11. SAME Building Envelope
  12. 12. Additional Benefits!• Inter-connected Street Networks Between Neighborhoods• Neighborhoods with Mixed-Uses Centers within Walking Distance of Most Residents• Neighborhood Centers with Exposure and Access to Major Arterials• A Variety of Residential Types• Varied Densities• Compact Design & Smart Land-use• Transit enhanced• Hierarchy of Streets/Reflected in Form & existing pattern• Quality Places• Lively and Vibrant Public Realm
  13. 13. Retail?
  14. 14. Connectivity
  15. 15. Understanding the Transportation and Land Use Relationship The advent of the highway system . . .
  16. 16. Understanding the Transportation and Land Use Relationship . . . moved the form of development from the pedestrian to the automobile.
  17. 17. Bone Structure
  18. 18. Bone Structure
  19. 19. The Bone Structure – Streetscape
  20. 20. Transportation / Land Use Connection
  21. 21. The Size and Character of Road Influences the Quality of Built Environment
  22. 22. QualityOfLife High Standard of Living
  23. 23. Low Quality of Life
  24. 24. Transportation Investment Change Land Use Patterns
  25. 25. Transportation Investment Change Land Use Patterns
  26. 26. OvercomingThe FearOf ChangeThe problems wehave created cannot besolved with the samethinking that created them …
  27. 27. No Network – BIG ROADS
  28. 28. Connected Network – SMALL ROADS
  29. 29. Providing capacity through roadway networksStrengthen and direct development towards existing communities
  30. 30. Connectivity OptionsTraditional Interior Perimeter Single Entry400’ – 600’ 1000’ 1000’ – 2000’ None 400 – 600 400 – 600 400 – 600 None All Streets Connectors Connectors (No Fronted Fronted Walled Connection)
  31. 31. Capacity of Streets
  32. 32. Change the Land Development Regulations
  33. 33. Architectural Design:• Details reflect local character/history• Variation in massing, façade, bays• Encouraged min. 2-3 story Active ground-floor uses: (large display windows, public entrances, Building “fronts” on the street) On-street parking (Makes street more Pedestrian amenities: pedestrian friendly) (crosswalks, wide sidewalks, street trees, awnings) Parking behind building (With max. standards to limit size and account for shared use) Change the Land Development Regulations
  34. 34. Orient building to the street Transit service ineffective (Buildings too far from street,) Development lacks public space or amenity (park/plaza) Sidewalks do not connect to buildingsPedestrian hostile public streets Pedestrians discouraged Over sized parking lots from walking to adjacent separate commercial businesses buildings from streets Create walkable neighborhoods
  35. 35. Orient building to the streetStreetscape improvements invite pedestrians to public street Access management minimizes driveways and curb cuts Create walkable neighborhoods
  36. 36. Orient building to the streetPrivate development accepts theinvitation and builds to the streetWindows and doors are locatedalong the street frontage to makebuilding “front” the street Create walkable neighborhoods
  37. 37. Orient building to the street New development continues to build to the street Density and location ofbuildings support public transit• Shared “park once” environment is created Public/private park improvements create a valuable amenity Create walkable neighborhoods
  38. 38. Corridor Design Guidelines – Corridor Specific Guidelines
  39. 39. Corridor Design Guidelines – Corridor Specific Guidelines
  40. 40. Corridor Design Guidelines – Corridor Specific Guidelines
  41. 41. Corridor Design Guidelines – Corridor Specific Guidelines
  42. 42. Capacity of Streets
  43. 43. Signage
  44. 44. 25th Moonwalk Anniversary