Market Analysis, Business Model & Financial Statement
Analysis of a 24*7
Real Estate TV Channel
PINAKI RANJAN BHAKAT
Roll No – 14202238, Reg. No - 14380836104
MBA Batch (2014 - 16)
Corporate Guide Faculty Guide
Ms. Shristi Patel Prof. Biranchi Narayan Panigrahi
Sweat Equity Partners School Of Management
Mumbai KIIT UNIVERSITY
SWEAT EQUITY PARTNERS
SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT, KIIT UNIVERSITY
BHUBANESWAR - 751024
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CERTIFICATE OF CORPORATE GUIDE
This is to certify that Mr. Pinaki Ranjan Bhakat, Roll No-14202238 of KIIT School of
Management, Bhubaneswar has successfully completed the project on “Market Analysis,
Business Model & Financial Statement Analysis of a 24*7 Real Estate TV channel." from 5th
May 2015 to 3rd
July 2015 towards the Partial fulfilment of the two year MBA Program of the
Ms. Shristi Patel
Sweat Equity Partners
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CERTIFICATE OF FACULTY GUIDE
The Project titled "Market Analysis, Business Model & Financial Statement analysis of a 24*7
Real Estate TV channel" is submitted by PINAKI RANJAN BHAKAT, Roll No 14202238
towards the partial fulfilment of the two year MBA program under the guidance of Prof.
Biranchi Narayan Panigrahi, Associate Professor, Finance Area, KIIT School of Management,
Prof. Biranchi Narayan Panigrahi
KIIT School of Management
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I, Pinaki Ranjan Bhakat, hereby declare that this project report entitled “Market Analysis,
Business Model & Financial Statement Analysis of a 24*7 Real Estate TV Channel” is an
original piece of work and is the result of my work on behalf of Sweat Equity Partners.
This summer internship report has the requisite standard for the partial fulfilment of the MBA
program at School of Management, KIIT University. To best of my knowledge and belief no
part of this report has been reproduced from any other report and the contents are based on
original research. This project has not been submitted to any other university/institute for the
award of any degree/diploma.
Pinaki Ranjan Bhakat
Roll No: 14202238
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I take this opportunity to express my sincere gratitude to my corporate guide Ms. Shristi Patel
for her help in making the project titled “Market Analysis, Business Model & Financial
Statement Analysis of a 24*7 Real Estate TV Channel”. It would have never been possible for
me to take my research project to completion without her innovative ideas and support. It has
been a great experience working under her guidance.
I would like to express my thanks to Mr. Manish Chhajed, Founder & Managing Director of
Sweat Equity Partners for his valuable guidance, support, suggestions and inspiration which
helped me to do the project.
I would also like to express my profound sense of gratitude to, Prof. Biranchi Narayan
Panigrahi, my faculty guide and my mentor Prof. Surya Mishra of KIIT School of Management
for guiding me throughout the project.
I would also like to express my sincere gratitude to, Prof. Jogendra Behera, of KIIT School of
Management for guiding me throughout the project.
I express my deep sense of reverence and gratitude to my parents for their love, concern and
blessings which are always with me.
PINAKI RANJAN BHAKAT
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
SL No. Particulars Page No.
1. Executive Summary 8
2. Introduction 9
2.1 Background of the Company 9
2.2 Background of the Project 9
3. Objective, Scope & Methodology 10
4. The concept of the Real Estate TV channel 10-11
4.1 The core value proposition of the Real Estate TV channel 10
4.2 The beneficiaries of launching the Real Estate TV channel and how they are
going to be benefitted
5. The target market and key customers of the Real Estate TV channel 11
5.1 Developing the current target market 11
6. Programs of the Real Estate TV channel 11-12
6.1 The programs that the TV channel needs to be satisfy its audiences and the
current program portfolio of the TV channel
7. Competitors of the Real Estate TV channel 12-17
7.1 Direct Competitors 12-17
7.2 Indirect Competitors 17
8. Strategy & Implementation 18-20
8.1 Marketing Strategy 18-19
8.1.1 Marketing strategies that can be used by the Real Estate TV channel in coming
8.2 Strategic Alliance 19-20
8.2.1 Potential strategic alliances of the Real Estate TV channel 19-20
9. The Industry segment of the Real Estate TV channel 20-22
9.1 The Media & Entertainment industry in India 20
9.1.1 The technological advancement in the industry and how the Real Estate TV
channel should use them
9.1.2 Govt. initiatives for the media & entertainment industry 21
9.2 The Real Estate Industry in India 21
9.2.1 Real Estate Segments 21-22
9.2.2 Govt. initiatives for the Real Estate industries 22
10. Investments in the industry 23
10.1 The recent investments in the industry 23
10.2 Investors in the Real Estate industry 23
10.3 Investors in the Media & Entertainment industry 23
11. The Expansion plan of the Real Estate TV channel 24
12. Challenges & Opportunities of the Real Estate TV channel 24
12.1 Challenges 24
12.2 Opportunities 24
13. Possible Sources of revenue generation for the Real Estate TV channel 25
14. Possible Sources of expenses for the Real Estate TV channel 26
15. Business Projections 27-28
15.1 Assumptions 27
15.2 Calculations & Analysis 27-28
16. Recommendations & Suggestions 28
17. Limitations 28
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18. Conclusions 29
19. Bibliography 30
20 Annexures 31-49
LIST OF TABLE
SL No. Table Name & No. Page No.
1. Table 1: Contribution by the Real Estate Segment 22
2. Table 2: Event Sales Revenue 37
3. Table 3: Revenue from websites 37
4. Table 4: Ads. Revenue in Year 1 37
5. Table 5: Ads. Revenue in Year 2 38
6. Table 6: Ads. Revenue in Year 3 38-39
7. Table 7: Ads. Revenue in Year 4 39
8. Table 8: Ads. Revenue in Year 5 40
9. Table 9: Production Expenses 40
10. Table 10: Operational & Admin. Expenses 41
11. Table 11: Carriage fees assumptions 41
12. Table 12: Expenses for Promotional Ads. 42
13. Table 13: Assets & Depreciation assumptions 42-43
14. Table 14: No. of Employee 43-44
15. Table 15: Salary Structure 44
16. Table 16: Payroll Expenses 44-45
17. Table 17: Investment Assumptions 45
18. Table 18: Bank Loan 45
19. Table 19: Loan Amortization schedule 45-46
20 Table 20: Income Statement 46-47
21. Table 21: Cash Flow Statement 47-48
22. Table 22: Balance Sheet 48-49
LIST OF FIGURES
SL No. Figure Name & No. Page No.
1. Figure 1: Different Real Estate Segments 22
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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The present report attempts to give an overview of the business model, market analysis of the
Real Estate TV channel including competitors’ matrix, their unique selling proposition,
revenue model and other uniqueness etc. The report also include the financial statement
analysis of the current year and based on this five year projections has also been done.
From the analysis of the business model of the TV channel I came to know that the TV channel
is targeting the age group of 25-50 years and follow the trends of investors as well as developers
to satisfy their need towards the real estate market. The TV channel also helpful for the
common people who are willing to buy and sell or rent a property for their own purpose. It also
help them through providing the legal help, money borrowing and lending other middle line
activities that are very cumbersome for the common people.
The TV channel primarily focusing on the western part of the country and they also expand
their channel through all over the country and in future they are focusing on the gulf and other
country outside India as well.
The study also help me to gain knowledge about its competitors and their structure and revenue
model. Studying this I came to know about the competitors of the TV channel have also focused
on the same niche way of real estate market. As the TV channel are also launching the web
portal so the existing portals such as magicbricks.com, 99acres.com, maakan.com,
commonfloor.com are also its competitors as well. The real estate TV channel and the real
estate market also linked with each other, so the Govt. rules and regulations are also very much
effective for the TV channel to telecast the programs.
After completing the study, it help me to prepare the financial statement analysis based on the
assumption as a start-up company. Carrying the assumption for next five years I prepare the
projection that how the company will perform five year down the line.
As the survey shows that the media and entertainment sector is highly growing sector, the
sector is the key part of the Mr. Modi’s Make in India campaign which will help the industry
to grow in future. So the future of the TV channel is quite bright as the industry segment is a
growing part of the economy.
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2.1 Background of the Company
“If you want to go FAST, walk alone
If you want to go FAR, walk together.”
The above two lines describe what the company Sweat Equity Partners is. It is basically a
mentor capital firm focussed on growth and value enhancement of new and existing businesses.
It’s a type of financial advisory firm help other companies to take right decision in terms of
financially expanding their businesses. It basically Mumbai based start-up firm founded by Mr.
Manish Chhajed who is the managing director of the company itself, was a scientist turned into
venture capitalist. He has spent almost 8 years of his career solving entrepreneurs’ woes.
The term “Sweat Equity” means the time and effort that people contribute to a project. Sweat
equity is used to describe the non-financial investment that people contribute to the
development of a project such as a start-up business. The company Sweat Equity Partners also
do the same function. The client of the company are mainly start-ups and it help by preparing
business model, financial projection to their client by researching economy, competitors and
by analysing markets. It walk like hand in hand with entrepreneurs and start-ups and work
towards by adding value to their business.
Founders of a start-up company don’t find enough time to check all the areas in the business
as there is a world to create but only 24 hours to execute it. The company Sweat Equity
completely focus on the business of the start-up as the team have investors by mind but
entrepreneurs at heart. It balance out the leadership team by providing a healthy mix of business
strategy skills backed by experience, an analytical approach and execution capabilities. Further,
their experience as an investor helps bring a new perspective to the table and what works with
the investor lessons through this rich industry experience.
2.2 Background of the Project
This project is based on a 24*7 round the neck TV channel which was launched in 2013 by
Optimmus Media Network India Limited (OMNIL) and started telecasting from May 2014.
The main focus of the TV channel is on the real estate sector and it claims itself as India’s first
24/7 real estate channel. The CEO of OMNIL is Mr. Manish Rachh. The real estate TV is
launched as a free to air (FTA) TV channel. My project is to know the business model of the
TV channel, to find out the competitors and their business and revenue model, the program
portfolio and what are the programs that the competitors are telecasting and how the TV
channel take the concept from them, what are the government rules and regulations of the media
and entertainment industry and how those are affecting to expand the business of the channel,
what are the areas that the TV channel can expand their business, what are the opportunities
and threats of the TV channel, what are the possible source of revenue and expenses of the
channel and finally to prepare the financial statement and projections of the TV channel for
five years down the line.
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3. OBJECTIVE, SCOPE & METHODOLOGY
Objective: The main objective of market analysis is
i. To know how the real estate market are performing and what are the relationship
between a TV channel and real estate market.
ii. To understand who are the competitors and how they are performing in this market.
iii. To understand the government rules and regulations.
iv. To understand possible revenue and expense source of TV channel.
v. To understand possible area where the real estate TV channel may expand the
business in future.
Scope: Scope of the research is based on the data collection from various internet websites.
Based on the information available I try to make it simple so that it will help the investors and
the other people also.
i. Understanding of the topic by thorough reading various articles available in
ii. Secondary data collection plan has been adopted here.
iii. Analysis of the data and information has done as per my understanding.
iv. Exploratory type research design has followed.
4. THE CONCEPT OF THE REAL ESTATE TV
4.1 The core value proposition of the real estate TV channel
The main value propositions of the real estate TV are
i. To provide a platform for gaining knowledge and other obligations before investing
in real estate.
ii. To provide platforms for the developers to sell their real estate by promoting
relevant real estate information, market analysis, housing policies and
advertisements of the developers.
iii. To provide important services like raising issues relevant to developers in
government and non-government forums, suggesting policy changes making
representations via panel discussion and giving developers a unified front.
iv. To act as a single point of information for the developer community for latest
developments in the industry.
v. To help the members to contact with experts to seek specific advice regarding the
issues they are facing.
4.2 The beneficiaries of launching the Real Estate TV and how they are going to be
The Real Estate TV is focusing on mainly two segments of the real estate sector. They are
trying to help the developers with various facilities and they are also providing information to
the consumers who are looking for investment in the real estate industry, be it monetary
investment or investment by buying property. So the direct beneficiaries of launching the TV
The developers and
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The investors (both common people who looks to buy properties and people who are
looking to invest in the real estate industry)
The developers who are going to be benefitted most are the small developers who has limited
resources and opportunities. The large developers are also going to be benefitted by the
launching of the TV channel as it will provide them a platform to showcase their products. In
general the TV channel is going to help the developers in the following aspects
By providing the developers a platform to advertise their products.
By analysing the market and providing detail information about housing policies and
other government policies to the developers.
By providing services like raising issues relevant to the developers in government and
non-governmental forums, suggesting policy changes and making representations via
panel discussion etc.
5. THE TARGET MARKET AND KEY CUSTOMERS OF THE REAL ESTATE
The target market of the TV channel is developed centring the above two segments. The TV
channel is targeting the people in the age group of 25 to 50 years and the main focus is the
educated middle class. The main offering of the TV channel is providing information to viewers
about the various aspects of the real estate sector and to provide a platform to the real estate
developers to advertise their properties.
5.1 Developing the current Target Market
Few key characteristics of the target market of the TV channel and the viability or adequacy of
the choice of the target market are-
i. The target market represents the youth and middle youth category of the Indian
population mainly and also tries to cover the population that have been in the
workforce for more than two decades in average.
ii. The youth population of India is increasing and the disposable income of them are
also increasing which proves that the market has a huge potential market among
iii. Due to urbanization a large number of people is migrating to various cities and
metros all over India. The migration can be due higher education or due to work
engagements. These people will be in a need of shelters for staying and they will be
in need of adequate and reliable information about various properties.
6. PROGRAMS OF THE REAL ESTATE TV CHANNEL
6.1 The Programs that the TV channel needs to satisfy its audiences and the current
program portfolio of the TV channel
The programs of the TV channel should try to cater the needs of the developer and the viewer
segment. The type of programs that the TV channel should have in the portfolio are-
i. Programs showcasing the upcoming projects in an area and what are the features of
it, these program will help the developers to advertise their properties and also the
buyers for selecting their properties.
ii. Programs informing the legal aspects of developing a project. What are the
regulations to be followed and what policies are in force for the projects etc. to be
informed in the program.
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iii. An interactive program between the developers and the buyers where the developers
get to know the desire of the buyers and also answers questions of the buyers about
the structure and other aspects of the property. This will help both the developers
and the buyers as they can communicate easily and will help the developers to
attract buyers from different geographical areas.
iv. Program showcasing the architectural and structural wonders of country and the
world. This show will be an informative show which will help the developers to
pick up various technicalities of the sector and also the buyers to understand what
are the factors that are checked while creating such great structures.
v. Programs informing the viewers about various unknown facts about real estate and
architecture. This will help the viewers to improved knowledge about the
architectures and real estate.
vi. Programs on solution to common problems that people faces in their houses or in
the properties they have bought. The problems can be regarding structure or location
of rooms or furniture or some common problems. This will help the viewers to
develop skills to solve common problems on their own.
vii. Programs showcasing the emerging developers and the developers who has scaled
great heights in the industry.
viii. Programs showcasing the role of the intermediaries between the buyers and the
developers and the importance of them.
ix. A program showcasing the possible hotspot for weekend or short outing and the
information about the places which can be accessed by the visitors during the
The programs that are currently telecasted in the TV channel are- The descriptions are in the
7. COMPETITORS OF THE REAL ESTATE TV CHANNEL
There are some direct and indirect competitors of the TV channel. We know the real estate TV
channel is going to be a 24*7 television channel dedicated to the real estate sector. There are
some other TV channel already in the market which telecasts news related to the real estate
through television or through internet.
7.1 Direct Competitors
Alliance Group Real Estate TV:
Business Model: The main value proposition is to provide the all real aspect of the real
estate industry such as news on the different companies in this industry, manage
residential, commercial properties and teach the investors about the rights and
precautions to be taken before investment and many more. This was the first step to
develop this kind of dedicated round the clock TV channel in the country. This channel
not only focuses on the real estate information also focused on the infrastructure related
news. Total investment of this project was about 100 crore focused on the whole India
and also south and south-east Asian region and Gulf countries too. The Alliance group
also tied up with many foreign companies for news related to outside India. As the
group is also into the business of real estate it would help them to convey the
information of real estate of their industries too. As we know there are about 260-270
industries directly connected to the real estate market, that’s why the Alliance group
innovate the idea of launching this channel to gain a huge profit from it. Moreover the
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programs of the channel are very innovative to meet the taste of the investors as well
as the household.
Partners: The strategic partners of Alliance Group Real estate TV are
Hathway, Amogh, SCV, InCable, Seven Star.
Propex TV: Propex TV is launched by J.C Group Inc in the year 2012. It’s a Kerala
based real estate company.
Business Model: In the year 2012 when the real estate market was booming J.C group
decided to launch a dedicated 24*7 TV channel for the real estate industry. The channel
primarily focuses on the Malayalee property buyer and seller all over the world and
provide them a platform for showcasing their properties. When the buyer and seller
were dependent on the newspaper and brokers for selling their properties JC group came
up with the revolutionary idea of posting advertisement on the TV channel. They also
developed the concept of Web TV which can be downloaded in IPhone, Blackberry and
tablets. To reach to all young mass this group also expanded the model by developing
the app based buying selling system which is available on Windows phone and
Android. J.C Group firstly started this concept of showing real estate based news in
2004. That time they launched a property show in Jeevan channel and the name of the
program was Business Revolution. This program also received the Film city Award in
2005-06 for the best business program. Carrying this concept of property show further
this step is also become successful in real estate market.
Programs: Propex TV telecasts its programs in six different channels. It has 9 shows in
a week. The programmes are –
i. ACV (Asianet cable vision): In this channel a Property Show has been telecasted. Timing of
the show is 6.00 PM on Sundays. It has also an old programme which has crossed more than
210 episodes. Show concept is on the buying and selling of property. It has one show per week.
ii. Jai Hind TV: In this channel Kerala Property Show has been telecasted. Show is based on
information on different types of properties in Kerala and nearby areas. Show telecasting time
is Tuesday at 5.00 PM to 5.30 PM and Friday 2.00 AM. It have two shows in a week.
iii. Kairali People: In this channel Propex TV Show has been telecasted. Show timing is at
5.30 PM on Thursday. It also have one show per week.
iv. NTV: It is Malayalam regional channel in UAE. Here also Propex TV Show has been
telecasted and the timing is every Friday, Saturday 3.30 PM. It have also 2 shows per week.
v. Darshana: Here Real Property Show is telecasted and the show timing is at Sunday 12.00PM
to 12.30 PM and Thursday 2.30 AM to 3.00 AM.
vi. Jeevan TV: Here Property Expo has been telecasted timing is 6.00 PM to 6.30 PM.
Partners of Propex TV: The description are in the Annexure 1.2.
Real Estate TV (RETV): Real Estate TV or RETV is the UK based TV channel and
multimedia company that formed part of News Corporation’s Fox International
Channels’ network. It was launched in the year 2004 by Mark Dodd.
Business Model: Primarily this was launched for conveying the information about the
real estate industry but it became popular to people from various segment. They
innovated some ideas to make people aware about the real estate sector. Not only the
channel provided information about the real estate segment on 24*7 basis but also its
dedicated website www.realestatetv.tv provided property finding service, streaming
videos related to the television channel, international real estate news etc. Soon it
become so popular that it was able to broadcast over 21 million adult viewer in UK and
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Ireland and more than 2 million in Europe. The real estate TV is focusing on the
programs that includes the transmission of quality, entertaining property programs from
the UK and around the world, as well as RETV commissioned series such as Next Big
Thing. ‘Next Big Thing’ specifically focuses on global emerging property markets of
interest and financial potential to the channel’s viewers.
Programs: As because the RETV is UK based real estate information provider, it has
come up with great variety of programmes such as –
i. Transmission of Quality: Its an entertaining property programs from the UK and around the
ii. Next Big Thing: Specifically focuses on global emerging property markets of interest and
financial potential to the channel’s viewers.
iii. RETV also offered free-to-view video content via Tiscali, Blinx, Jalipo and BT Vision.
Real Estate Channel: It’s a Canadian real estate channel owned by Pacific Real Estate
Media Ltd and launched in the year 2006.
Business Model: They basically focus to broadcast the commercial and residential real
estate information of various markets across the country. It also has its own website
where the private buying and selling of properties take place. It showed various
customized options of buying a property, from those one can easily choose the desired
property. It became a convenient medium to buy without the help of a broker and middle
man. The website also have thousands of property listing videos, also it gives the option
to find the agent in your area by putting the city and area, also it has the facility of
blogging in the website from where one can get information related to the industry. It
has about 4 million viewer all over the country who are really very satisfied by getting
the related information at one click.
Move Tube: Move Tube is also a television channel in the United States which started
its journey from 2015.
Business Model: Move Tube is the first interactive property search television channel.
Here the buyers and sellers can search their property in a simplistic way. Also the real
estate professionals are able to take advantage of the innovative way of marketing their
listings. The common problem that many buyers and sellers faces is getting the outdated
information from others. Move Tube is also trying to reduce that problem by showing
current information and update in their website also. Now the channel is telecasted
through the Roku player and Roku TV for a testing purpose among the people but in
near future it will be telecasted through DTH and cable network.
Business Model: In the year 2006 Times Group launched this portal, primarily it was a
C2C based portal which facilitated buying, selling and renting of property for personal
as well as office needs. Its business model is quite simple as it fulfils the needs of the
people who are searching for property for personal use or for an office place. Website
provide the data open for all from builders, agents, customers, brokers etc. When we
buy a property we have to meet the sell, make a deal, take a loan and at last we settle
the deal with him. It provides a virtual platform so that this whole process complete in
online, this is the main focus of the website.
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Customer value proposition:
i. Individual who are willing to buy home or rent a property contact with them and
the website provide them the required details of sellers, agents, builders through its
ii. Individual who wants to sell their property contact with the website and it provides
the details of the buyer and their requirement.
iii. The middleman like builders, agents, brokers, consultants are also benefitted as they
receive commission from buyer and seller. The website also fulfil their needs by
contacting with the buyer and seller with them.
iv. The websites also satisfies the needs of the loan providers as a list of people seeks
loan for buying property through its interface.
i. Ads Sale: The main source of revenue of the portal is advertising sales. If we open
its portal we can find that most area of the site is full of different ads from builders.
ii. Additional Services property owners: The home seeker who takes help from
Magicbrick.com have to provide some amount to them, is the another source of
income of the portal.
iii. Additional services for Middlemen: The real estate middlemen like the brokers,
consultants, agents also have to pay money to the website for getting the customer
iv. Additional services for Loan Provides: As the loan provides get the customers from
the website, they also have to pay the amount to the portal.
Competitive Advantage: It has an edge over the other competitors in the segment
because of the owner of the website Times Group. It has got diverse exposure from
some of the media channels like Times now, Times of India and Economic Times.
Besides that the services provided by it is well and good among the customer and its
innovative way like Magicbricks app and Magic sms i.e. registered user will get the
sms update about their preference.
Partners of Magicbricks: The strategic partners of Magicbricks.com are described in
the Annexure 1.3.
Business Model: 99acres.com started its journey in the year 2005 as an India’s first real
estate portal under Info edge Pvt. Ltd. Website provides the information about buying,
selling and leasing various types of real estate in India, provide suggestion on buying,
selling of property, information related to the upcoming projects, various property
related information like office space, shopping area, residential complex, commercial
Target Market: As the real estate market is for the young professional so 99acres
targeted their customer range between the age group of 25-40 years. And the age
targeted customer are middle class and upper middle class people who can afford for
buying home for himself.
Revenue Model: The main source of revenue generation is the advertising revenue on
its portals posted by various builders and real estate companies. Besides that another
source is in the form of subscription from brokers, builders and agents. For marketing
new projects from various builders and brokers it earns a significant portion of revenue.
Also generates revenue from property listing, builder and brokers branding and
visibility among the other.
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Partners of 99acres: The description are in the Annexure 1.4.
Business Model: In 2007 initially CommonFloor.com started as an apartment
management solution provider and went on to be India’s leading real estate platform
that combines property search, apartment management and vendor management and
caters to a person’s complete residential requirements. Commonfloor.com offers home
seekers, sellers and real estate professionals an extensive online real estate ecosystem
that consist of Property search, Reviews and Answers, Community management and
i. CommonFloor charge the builders for their apartment management software but the
residents and owners are allowed to use the software free of cost.
ii. Main source of revenue is the advertising and vendor listing. Many well-known
players from various verticals such as real estate and banking services companies
advertise with the commonfloor. So it generates a significant portion of income.
iii. Revenue also come from architects, carpenters, plumbers etc who come to get attach
with the portals as they find the advertisement from various builders.
Unique Innovation: Commonfloor.com introduced world’s first virtual reality
innovation i.e CommonFloor Retina that offers real property experience for the seekers
allowing them to view and assess multiple property at any point of time. With the help
of this buyer can get an experience and insights about the property from perspective of
space and ambience. It save time and cost to travel to see the apartment, also the buyer
can get the experience of the property before built. After installing the app in the mobile
phone with the help of retina head gear buyer can get the experience of virtual tour of
the property about his choice. It’s the first technological advancement to come up such
type of app based platform for the buyer.
Business Model: Zillow serves real estate and home related information both
through mobile and website to the home owners, buyers, sellers, real estate
professional, renters etc. In a competitive marketplace it is necessary to catch the
customer that’s why it launches various brands and products to help people find
necessary information about homes, rent, mortgages, and connection with local
professional. Zillow’s portfolio of brands include Zillow.com, Zillow mortgages
marketplace, Zillow rentals, Zillow digs and Zillow mobile.
Revenue Model: Primarily Zillow is a media company so it earns a maximum
portion of its revenue through sale of advertising products and services for real
estate. Besides that there are some facility like get help by real estate expert, loan
facility, brokerage facility etc which are only for subscribed and registered
customer. So from there also significant amount of revenue comes.
Partners of Zillow: The description are in the Annexure 1.5.
Trulia Inc: Trulia Inc. is an online residential real estate website for home buyers,
sellers, renters and related people in the USA. Founded in the year 2004 headquarter is
in San Fransisco, USA.
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i. Trulia not only provides the information, advice related to home loans etc. but also
it provides the price trend information i.e. how the price of a house has changes
with the current scenarios in a particular area.
ii. Its unique proposition is its Trulia Map which show the crime that has happened in
the specific area and compare the crime statistics of two different areas. Also map
provides the information of local schools, amenities etc nearly to the residency.
iii. Its mobile app helps to view the different photos of properties nearby the locality
provided by the user. Also it helps by advising related to insurance and other
Partners of Trulia: The description are in the Annexure 1.6.
Realtor.com: Realtor founded in 1995 headquarter is in California, USA is a residential
real estate website which displays for sale property listing in US and Canada.
i. The website is updated in every 15 min for listing offers millions of homes rent or
ii. The website offers mortgage rates, refinance rates and finance advice.
iii. Various activities and updates in the website provoke college graduates for saving
to buy home in future. It’s a great infinitives to attract young mass into the real
iv. Realtor.com launched realtor benefits program for the user or official member for
giving discounts and unique offers and services etc.
7.2 Indirect Competitors
There are some indirect competitors of the real estate TV channel. Indirect competitors mean
the TV channels are not fully related to 24*7 based but present the information in a program
basis to their channels. The channels such as NDTV, CNBC AWAAZ, ZEE News etc. focus
on the real estate sector through the programs on the channels, like CNBC AWAAZ hosts a
program called the ‘India Real Estate Guide’, it’s a 30 min show which helps the viewer to
analyse the India’s best residential and commercial projects and choose the best among them
according to the requirements.
NDTV host the similar type of show called the ‘Young guns of Real Estate’ in which they try
to convey the information related to that sector like business plans of real estate sector, the
challenges, market, future expansion plans etc. through different up standard people from this
sector, who are experience with this industry. Through discussing the problems they provide
the right solution and show the path to avoid the discrepancy.
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8. STRATEGY AND IMPLEMENTATION
8.1 Marketing Strategy
8.1.1 Marketing strategies that can be used by the Real Estate TV channel in coming
i. Organizing Public Relations Events:
One of the most useful ways of promoting any business connected to mass consumers is
conducting Public Relations (PR) activities. The PR activities that the TV channel can conduct
A) Organizing the launching of a new housing project along with the builder. This will create
a relationship between the builder and the TV channel and also increase the awareness among
people about the TV channel. Also the TV channel can telecast the whole event in their channel
afterwards which will increase their penetration.
B) Organizing game shows related to real estate and give the winners awards and take their
interviews, they can show the interview later and ask the winners and their families to view it
afterwards. This can create word of mouth about the TV channel which will help them to
increase penetration among the target market.
C) Organizing events to celebrate festivals with the common people. This can increase the
public connection of the channel with the target customer. The Budget of PR events varies
from INR 25000/- to INR 80000/- for each medium scale event.
ii. Distributing of pamphlets and business cards:
The real estate based TV channel can create this awareness by distributing pamphlets with the
newspapers for couple of days in a week. This would attract the attention of the readers and
will help the TV channel to increase viewership. Another way of creating awareness is
distribution of business cards or pamphlets in parking lots or in cinema hall counters. The
distribution can take place by using a personnel who will stick the business cards or the
pamphlets in the cars along with the parking ticket or can have the counter personnel distribute
the pamphlets along with the tickets in a cinema hall or in the ticket counters of any events or
iii. Sponsoring events:
The TV channel also can sponsor events like award functions in which the achievers of real
estate are awarded. They also can sponsor various events that takes place in the offices to create
awareness among people. They can telecast the events or can showcase the video clips in the
channel or in their Facebook page. The budget for sponsoring events may vary with the size of
the event and the amount of people the event is targeting. But an event sponsorship can cost
around INR 70000/- to INR 125000/-
They would notify people about various new real estate projects or various developments in
the sector through messages or by phone calls. They also can ask the people to watch the
channel for more detailed information. The budget related to telemarketing is very minimal
and it mainly requires the costs for calling and sending SMS and also the registration fees for
v. Social Media Marketing:
The TV channel need to use the social media as a medium of marketing. There are various
social media marketing techniques that they can adapt. They can share the links of the videos
of the shows on the television or can provide a sneak peek to the shows and can ask people to
watch the full program on their channel. They can also support causes to create an impact and
place among the heats of the people. They can support causes like “clean ganga mission”
through the posts in the social media and can provide information about the developments in
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the real estate sector that tries to reduce the environmental impact. The social media market
requires almost no budget unless it involves advertising in Facebook or similar social media
platforms or outsourcing the social media marketing responsibility to other agencies.
vi. Creating appropriate program mix by analysing the availability of the target
As the target customer of the TV channel is the working class it is expected that they will not
be available during the 10 am to 6 pm slot. So the TV channel need to create program mix
according to that and must communicate it with the target audience. They can communicate
through telemarketing approach or social media to make people aware that the programs are
rescheduled to meet their availability.
vii. Wall painting or Wall Display:
The TV channel can also display the advertisement about the channel in the walls of upcoming
projects. They can advertise there to increase the visibility of the channels and also can build
partnership with the builders for advertising in the TV channel.
viii. Advertising in broadcasting media:
The TV channel can also advertise through the widely circulated television channels and news
channels for creating awareness about the value proposition of the channel. This promotion can
create interest among people and the people who will like the programs can spread the
awareness among other people. Budget for advertising varies from channel to channel and from
session to session. The average cost for a 10 sec commercial on news channels like Zee
Business, ABP News or Aaj Tak varies between INR 5000/- to INR 11000/-.
ix. Calendar Marketing:
The TV channel also can publish calendar holding the details and logo of the television and
distribute it among its partners and frequent advertisers in the channel. They also can reach out
to real estate builders and distribute calendar to them. This will help the TV channel to increase
visibility and attract more advertisement from real estate sectors and also would help them to
penetrate to that target viewer segment through its strategic partners.
x. The TV channel also can print T-Shirts with its logo on it and few details of the
channel on it. They can give this to the employees of the channel and also they can
distribute it as gifts to the winners of the PR activities they hold. This can increase
visibility of the company and also would create awareness about it.
8.2 Strategic Alliances
A strategic alliance is an arrangement between two companies that have taken decision to share
resources to undertake a specific, mutually beneficial project.
8.2.1 Potential Strategic Alliances of the Real Estate TV and the benefit from it
Strategic Alliances with marketing and financial consulting firms
The TV channel is currently focussing on the western India market. They mainly telecast in
cities like Mumbai, Pune, Ahmedabad and other parts of Maharashtra and Gujarat. But they
are planning to expand and planning to start telecasting in Northern and Southern India and
also in the Middle East and the USA. For this expansion the TV channel would need able firms
to guide them in the marketing aspects and also some established firms to track their financials.
The type of this strategic alliance will be a mixture of marketing, sales and service strategic
alliance and also it would include outsourcing of activities also. For managing marketing
aspects the TV channel should try to move into strategic partnerships with marketing
consultancy firms who have global expertise and connection as expanding into global arena is
a main focus of the TV channel.
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For this purpose the TV channel can have a strategic partnership with IKON Marketing
Consultants which is a marketing consultancy firm having an expertise of over 14 years and is
based on Ahmedabad, Gujarat. They help their partners (or clients) by providing 360 degree
marketing strategy starting from the basic segmentation, targeting, positioning to branding,
digital marketing strategy and so on. For financial solutions and asset management the TV
channel can move into partnership with any one of the established asset management
companies. The companies that the TV channel can refer to are TATA Mutual Fund (Which
has the support of the TATA group) or L & T Finance Limited.
Strategic Alliance with Real Estate Builders and developers
The strategic alliances of the TV channel should include alliances with the established real
estate builders so that they can mutually promote their products. The builders with whom the
real estate TV channel can move into a partnership are described in the Annexure 1.7.
Strategic alliance with various national and regional television channels
The various channels with which the TV channel can build strategic alliance to advertise and
promote are described in the Annexure 1.8.
9. THE INDUSTRY SEGMENT OF THE REAL ESTATE TV CHANNEL
9.1 The Media and Entertainment Industry of India
The television industry in India is the third largest in the world after China and USA. The
television industry has increased from INR 241 billion in 2008 to INR 475 billion in 2014 at a
CAGR of 13.8%. It is predicted that this upward trend of the television industry will continue
and it will reach INR 975 billion in the year 2019 at a CAGR Of 15.5%. The television industry
is set to gain 50% share in terms of the size of the industry with respect to the M&E industry
as a whole. India has 161 million households, close to 2000 multiplexes, 94607 newspapers,
and 214 Million internet users among which 130 Million are mobile internet users. These
statistics shows the attractiveness and growth potential of the Indian M&E industry.
9.1.1 The Technological advancements in the industry and how the real estate TV
channel should use them
i. Digitization of the networks has led a revolution in the television industry. The
analogue cable services that were prevalent in India are upgrading to digital
platform and also a number of providers are coming into the industry to provide
digitized pictures to the consumers.
ii. The digitization has made the quality of the picture clearer and also helped people
to choose the time to watch the shows. The betterment of quality has attracted
people back to the television viewing and with the options for scheduling and
sometimes recording the shows viewers are spending more times on the television.
iii. Also the networks and television channels are utilizing the advancements of the
smartphone technology and the development in the internet space. Almost all
channels are opening the online platform where people can stream or view the
shows and also get various information about the programs and the contents.
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9.1.2 Government Initiatives for Media and Entertainment Industry
To improve the communication through digital media (television, internet, smartphones etc.)
the government has also taken some initiatives, such as digitizing the cable distribution sector
to attract greater institutional funding, increasing FDI limit from 74 per cent to 100 per cent in
cable and DTH satellite platforms, and granting industry status to the film industry for easy
access to institutional finance. Also the government has also signed an audio-visual co-
production deal with Canadian Government that would help producers from both countries to
explore their technical, creative, artistic, financial and marketing resources for co-productions
and, subsequently, lead to exchange of culture and art amongst them. These initiatives prove
that the Government is also trying to fund or propel the growth of Media Sector. These
initiatives helps the TV channels to provide higher quality service and pictures with reduced
costs. Also the transfer of technologies aims to replace age old technologies that hinders high
9.2 The Real Estate industry of India
The Indian real estate sector is one of the most globally recognised sectors. In the country, it is
the second largest employer after agriculture. It comprises four sub sectors - housing, retail,
hospitality, and commercial. The real estate sector of India has grown from USD 50.1 billion
in 2008 to USD 121 billion in 2013. The sharp growth of the industry is expected to continue
in the coming years and is expected to increase in coming years. The real estate market of India
is expected to touch USD 180 billion by 2020 and is estimated to worth USD 853 billion by
2028. The growth of real estate will emerge from the demand for the same. Due to rapid
urbanization and increase in the standard of living of people there is a shortage of urban housing
and as well as rural housing. The shortage is not prevalent the metros and the big cities of India
but also in the emerging and under development cities and suburbs of India.
9.2.1 Real Estate Segments
The business segment of the real estate of India can be classified broadly into two categories-
Residential real estate includes various segments such as low income housings, medium
income housings, affordable housings and luxury homes.
Commercial real estate comprises of office space, retail space and hospitality segment.
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Figure 1: Different Real Estate Segments
Sl No. Parameter Residential Commercial
1 Size and Area Covered 81-82% 18-19%
2 Contribution to investments 58% 42%
3 Value of total investments 20% 80%
4 Volume of total investments 29% 71%
Table 1: Contributions by the Real Estate segments
The leasing percentage of office space by various offices stands at 35% by IT/ITES, 13% by
BFSI, 26% by Manufacturing or industrial and rest 26% by others.
Major developers in the Residential Sector are-
HDIL, DLF Ltd, Sunteck Realty Ltd, SRS Real Infrastructure Ltd., Prestige Group, Godrej
Properties, Parsvnath developers ltd, Sobha Developers Ltd., Puravankara Group, Unitech,
Ambuja Realty, Merlin Group, Jaypee Group, Hiland Group, PS Group, TATA housing
Major developers in the Commercial Sector are-
DLF Ltd., Omaxe Ltd, Unitech, Ansal API, Oberoi Realty Ltd, Kalpataru Group, Shobha
Developers Ltd., Brigade Group, Prestige Estates Projects Ltd, Belani Group, Kolte-Patil
developers Ltd, Hiranandani Developers, Supertech Limited, Lodha Developers.
9.2.2 Government Initiatives for Real Estate Industries
The government is trying to develop the financially weaker section of the society by investing
in the bottom of the pyramid. The Government is planning to build 30 million houses by 2022
for the economically backward people through Public –Private- Partnership (PPP) model. The
other initiatives taken by the government are-
Relaxing the norms to allow Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the construction sector.
The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has notified regulation to govern
Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) and Infrastructure Investment Trusts (InvITs) to
enable easier access to funds for cash strapped developers and to create new investment
opportunities for new entrants.
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10. INVESTMENT IN THE INDUSTRY
10.1 The Recent Investments in the industry
The recent investments in both the media and entertainment sector and the real estate sector
are relevant for the TV channel. The major investments in media and entertainment industry
in last few years includes mergers and acquisitions of various channels and also inflow of FDI
and direct investments. Few of the investments that has taken place are described in the
10.2 Investors in the Real Estate Industry
The investment can be by Venture Capitalists, High Net worth Individuals or through Private
Equity firms, angel investors and investment firms or large corporate houses.
The noted Private Equity firms that are focusing on the real estate sector in India are Piramal
Capital, Kotak Realty Fund (KRF), Everstone India, IDFC, Red Fort Capital, VCCEdge, The
Xander group, Sun Group etc.
The Private Equity is mainly raised through FIIs and HNIs. There is a steady increase in the
numbers of the HNI s in India. The HNI s are investing in real estate by not only buying
luxurious properties but also lending their money to upcoming projects. There are also venture
capitalists that funds the real estate sectors. Few noted venture capitalists of India in real estate
sector are Urban Infrastructure Real estate Fund, Jai Corp Ltd., HDFC Property Fund, Nexus
Venture Partners, Qualcomm Ventures, Warburg Pincus, Battery Ventures, Mayfield Fund,
New Enterprise Associates, ICICI Venture, Kotak India Real Estate Fund, Google Capital,
Goldman Sachs, SoftBank Group etc.
The real estate is also invested by Angel Investors. Few of the angel investors in Indian real
estate are Mr. Zishaan Hayath, Indian Angel Network, Rhombus Investments, Oremus Corp,
Sethi Angel Investments and so on.
10.3 Investors in the Media and Entertainment Industry
The investors in the media and entertainment industry are from various sectors. The investment
can be by Venture Capitalists, High Net worth Individuals or through Private Equity firms,
angel investors and investment firms or large corporate houses.
The noted Private Equity firms that are focusing on the media and entertainment sector in India
are ENARR Media and Entertainment Fund, Kotak Private Equity Fund, Beacon India Private
Equity Fund, Elevation Partners etc. There are venture capitalists who invests in media and
entertainment industry also. Some of the noted venture capitalists are Blume Ventures, Nexus
Venture Partners, ICICI Venture, Norwest Venture Partners, Inventus Capital Partners, IDG
Ventures, Naspers, Jungle Ventures, Zodius Capital, Warbug Pincus, Canaan Partners, Bain
Capital Private Equity, Battery Ventures, Intel capital, Seedfund, Floodgate, Quest Venture
The media and entertainment is also invested by Angel Investors. Few of the angel investors in
Indian media and entertainment industry are Mr. Nikunj Jain, Mr. Anupam Mittal, Mr. Ravi
Gururaj, Mr. Vijay Sekhar Sharma, Mr. Abhisek Rungta, Mr. Pallav Nadhani, Mr. Vikas
Taneja, Indian Angel Network, Venture Giant, Mr. Anil Godhwani, Mr. B.V. Jagdeesh etc.
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11. THE EXPANSION PLAN OF THE REAL ESTATE TV
The real estate TV is based in Mumbai and mainly focuses on the Markets in Maharashtra,
Gujarat and other western states. The launch of the TV channel is very apt as the growth of the
real estate in last few years has been phenomenal in the western and northern region of India.
According to a survey by Makaan.com the most lucrative destination for investment in real
estate in Mumbai, followed by New Delhi, Pune, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Chennai and other
cities like Kolkata, Hyderabad etc. The executives of the TV channel are also aware of this
trends and they are targeting to expand the channel to the northern and southern region of India
and they are also planning to introduce the TV channel in the Middle East and the USA in
coming years. The expansion plan of the TV channel shows that they are trying to capitalize
on the boom of the real estate sector and are targeting the cities which had the maximum growth
in last few years and have a bright prospect in future. They are also targeting the NRI bases
and they are positioning themselves to be a guide for the NRI s who wants to buy property in
India and have plans for settling in India in future.
12. CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF THE REAL ESTATE TV
i. Developing the vision and business idea: The business will go in which direction that
will be decided by the plan that has taken by the entrepreneur who is starting up the
business. So for the start up like the TV channel there would be some ups and downs
in the way to cope up with the industry.
ii. Raising up the capital: How to raise the capital for starting up the channel is another
big challenge faced by the start-up firms. As we know advertising is the main source of
revenue for a media industry so getting the ads is a very tough task for a start-up like
the TV channel.
iii. Selection of the management team: Management team should be selected in such a way
that the right person should be there in the right job.
iv. Dealing with the competition: For a start-up firm it’s a biggest challenges for them. For
the TV channel there are lots of well-established players are already there in the market
who have a significant portion of market share so it’s a biggest challenge for them to
survive in that competition.
v. Business Location: The company should start form one location only, if it tries to catch
whole area then it will be a big mistake. So proper business location selection is another
challenges for the TV channel.
i. As this is the 24*7 round the neck television channel, so there is a huge chance of grab
ii. As govt. also help the industry by allowing FDI and all others support so there will be
a great opportunity for this industry to expand further.
iii. As its competitors in India like Propex TV and Bangalore based real estate TV focusing
only the Kerala and Bangalore region respectively, if the TV channel could expand its
business all over the country then it would be a step head position from others.
iv. The time it is launching is a perfect time as this is an era of Internet and Mobile phone
so the youth segment of the country accept its expansion strategy in a big way.
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13. POSSIBLE SOURCES OF REVENUE GENERATION FOR THE REAL
The possible sources of revenue generation for the TV channel are-
Advertising: It is one of the key source of revenue generation for any TV channel.
Approximate 60-70% revenue are generated in this way. But to get the advertisement
the channel TRP should also be high i.e. viewer rating should also be good to attract
the. As the TV channel is a real estate based TV channel so there are many companies
focusing on the real estate sector who will always try to showcase their company’s
product through this medium.
Subscription: Subscription revenue will also be another source of income for the TV
channel. The TV channel is launched as a free to air but in future it may be shown
through the DTH or cable medium to the viewer. So the company could charge
subscription fee for the channel.
Syndication: Syndication is selling of a content to another party of a new geographic
region or selling with a modified format within the same geographic region. Suppose
the TV is telecasting a show which is very popular to the business man and other related
classes. If any foreign company watch the show and make a deal to buy the show
concept and telecast in their channel for an amount of price given to the TV channel,
so this could be another source of Income for them.
Mobile Streaming: We know in India there are 500 million handsets users are there
whereas only 100 million are the TV screen available in the household. So if the TV
channel goes with the idea of telecasting the shows through the mobile streaming also
by taking an amount from the mobile service provider will be a possible source of
income. The numbers of mobile users are also increasing day by day, so the mobile
streaming option can earn higher revenue for the TV channel in future.
From Website: The TV channel should develop a well-diversified website containing
the option of membership with a subscription fees. Where the subscriber can get the
benefits of receiving the all updated related to the real estate industry and also free
service of giving solution to the buyer and seller. So with the increasing of number of
viewer the revenue from this source is also increasing.
Event Sales: Many a times it is seen that government try to initiate a campaign relating
to the social issue, at that time they choose some source to convey the information. And
as we know the television is the best medium to communicate with large number of
people so govt. make a deal to telecast the campaign with the channel by some amount
of fees. This is called the event sales. Now a days as government is very careful about
such type of social campaign like Swachh Bharat Mission, Smart City campaign,
Digital India, Make in India campaign and many more. So from the event sales also the
channel gain a high amount of revenue.
Other Sources: Other source of income may be if the TV channel will come up with an
innovative approach of setting an interactive program where the buyer or seller can talk
to the expert who will help them to solve their problems by charging some fee for that.
It will definitely be a way of earning revenue for giving the service to the viewer.
Another source of income may be social awareness campaign through the different
social media like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Google plus etc. by giving the
information on changing the views not only the buying and selling but also giving the
information of prices of different locations across India and the property advice from
different industry expert and the comparative price changes of property and different
govt. regulations related to this industry day by day.
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14. POSSIBLE SOURCES OF EXPENSES OF THE REAL ESTATE TV
There are various costs incurred to the TV channel to broadcast. Major cost drivers are-
Carriage Fees: Carriage fees is the amount the channel pay to ensure the channel being
carried out by the distributors. The distributors such as the DTH or cable TV operators
are distributed the channels to the end customer on the basis of the popularity of the
channel. Since the real estate TV channel is the new concept of showing the real estate
information, it is expected that its number of viewer will more resulting popularity will
increase for the channel.
Placement Fees: The channel need to place itself properly to its target market and for
that reason the channel have to bear the placement fees to the distributors. The
placement fees is a significant driver of cost for a new entrants for this industry because
the better positioning is one of the effective way of ensure better visibility.
Cost of organizing a business: Cost of organizing a business comprises of cost related
to human resources, marketing, branding and promotion etc. We have to assume for a
new start up TV channel that how many personnel are required, what will be their
benefits like extra time working bonus, employee provident fund etc. Besides that the
bonus payment to the employee and all others.
Marketing cost is an important cost driver for a channel. Main expenses included the
branding and promotional cost for surviving in the industry and convey the information
that the channel is working under the segment. It is the main cost because if he channel
publish the ads they have to bear a lot of expense for that. So to run this promotion and
branding the driving cost is important and also innovative ideas are necessary to be
distinct from the competitors.
Neighbourhood Charges: In digital set up channels of same genres are grouped together
and the arrangement of channels are not changed often. If a new entrants wants to gain
the spot alongside some reputed channel it has to pay fees for getting the neighbourhood
position of the existing channels. This increases the visibility of the channel also. For
getting the neighbourhood position the new comer channel has to pay fees to the cable
or DTH operator. This is also a significant amount expenses for running the channel.
Administrative Expenses: Administrative expenses means the general administration of
the business, it’s a part of operating expenses. To run business companies have to bear
the expenses such as the employee cost, depreciation of the fixed assets, pension
charges, social security charges, rent, communication, insurance etc. With the
expansion of the business this charges increases. So for a start up like the TV channel
this are the main source of expenses and have to bear this with the other cost as well.
Another important part of the cost driver is the website maintenance cost and the
modification cost, and the software charge for video and audio editing and also the
technology is advancing day by day, to cope up with this technology the company have
to bear development and up gradation charges.
There are also charges related to celebrity endorsement of the channel or a program and
charges related to the hiring of the experts.
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15. BUSINESS PROJECTIONS
15.1.1 Revenue Assumptions
The revenue assumptions includes determining the sources of the revenue for the real estate
television channel. The revenue is assumed to be generated mainly from three sources
advertisement revenue, event sales revenue and revenue from website. The assumption
includes the advertisement rate per second, advertisement time per hour, number of events per
month and rate of each event and so on. The details of the assumptions is provided in Annexure
15.1.2 Expenses assumptions
The expenses for the television channel is mainly classified in two categories, production
expenses, administrative and operating expenses including marketing expenses. Production
expenses include the expenses related to the service that is being provided such as professional
fees, video cassettes, up linking charges etc. Operational expenses include the charges related
to operating activities such as rent, electricity, printing and stationary etc. It also includes the
charges for marketing and advertising in other channels. The detail breakup of the expenses is
given in Annexure IV.
15.1.3 Assets and Depreciation assumption
The depreciation is assumed on the assets of the company. The assets of the company includes
equipment, vehicles, building and office equipment and furniture. The useful life for building
is assumed to be 10 years and the life of the equipment, vehicles and office equipment and
furniture is assumed to be 5 years. The detail calculation of depreciation is given in Annexure
15.1.4 Payroll assumption
The type and number of employees are assumed and the salary of the personnel are assumed
as per the market rate. The employees include cameraman, anchor, photo editor, marketing
manager, operations manager and so on. The details regarding payroll is given in Annexure IV.
15.1.5 Capital Structure assumption
The capital structure of the company is also assumed and the loan and cash requirement are
also assumed. Subsequently the loan amortization schedule is also developed. The details
regarding the capital structure is given in Annexure IV.
15.1.6 Tax rate assumptions
The taxes as applicable to the channel are assumed. The taxes that are taken into consideration
are corporate tax @ 30%, Income Tax @30% and Service Tax @14%.
15.2 Calculations and Analysis
15.2.1 Income statement development and projection
The income statement for the real estate channel is developed for the first year incorporating
the assumptions. A projection for five years is done on the income statement considering
adequate growth rate of the expenses and the revenues. The calculations shows that the PAT
of the television channel is remaining positive throughout this five year and it has increase from
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first year to second year then dropped in the third and again increased in year four and five
respectively. The detail calculation of the income statement is given in Annexure IV.
15.2.2 Cash flow Statement development and analysis
The cash flow statement for the television channel is calculated for the first year assuming that
the initial cash balance is Rs 50 lakhs. The net cash flow for the year is calculated and also the
cash in hand in the end of year and cumulative cash flow is calculated.
The cash flow analysis shows that the channel has an inflow of cash from the first year itself
and it has increased over the years constantly.
15.2.3 Balance Sheet development and analysis
The Balance sheet for the television channel is generated for the first year and subsequently
projection is made for five years.
16. RECOMMENDATIONS AND SUGGESTIONS
i. The Real Estate TV channel have launched at the perfect time when the economy
is growing. Beside that the channel have very huge potential to penetrate into the
market as this is a niece player in the industry.
ii. The current program portfolio consisting of various mix which can satisfy the need
of the people related to the industry segment. Beside that if the TV channel follow
the recommended programs described earlier, it will definitely help them to catch a
huge portion of market share.
iii. The current era is fully based on internet. So the real estate TV channel should move
into mobile app zone so that everyone always use this all time. So the viewer also
iv. As the TV channel is primarily launched in South zone in the country. But it should
move into the all the other location all over the country so that the viewer also
increased and market share increased.
v. The TV channel should also focus on the global real estate market in future. Because
there are lots of investors are there who are willing to invest outside in India, for
those it will be very helpful. So the company should alliance with foreign company
so that it would be easier for them to telecast the outside information as well.
vi. The marketing activity of the channel should be strong so that all over the country
aware about the activity of the channel.
vii. Uniqueness should be there which will help them to stay ahead from its competitors.
i. All the data in this report are collected from the secondary sources via annual
reports and internet.
ii. The research is done in limited time.
iii. Limited data are available as confidential data are not allowed to distribute in the
iv. The information are historical as well as current, mix of data are there.
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There is a proverb called ‘Old Wine in a New Bottle’. If the company can be able to get that
correctly it will definitely succeed in the future. Why Old wine and why in a new bottle. The
planning to telecast of the real estate related news on the television is not a new concept as
because previously there are many competitors are there who are on the same line. But if the
company want to win in the race it must innovate some out of the box ideas to implement in
the journey. New Bottle here used in that sense only that if the company can implement the
idea properly it can win in the race of competition.
So there is a huge chance for the TV channel to gain a huge portion of market share as it has
the potential of diversify its community to a various way. If the company will take it as a
challenge to bit his competitor it can easily do that as it has the potential and the various product
mix will help them in the long run because its competitor like NDTV or CNBC or ZEE news
only focus on a particular time basis show but the TV channel is focusing on a whole a day
basis. So it has an edge over others.
But to expand its business globally it should have to diversify the potential and gain new
strategy to compete with the global players in this market. For that it should have to know its
potential market base and capability to reach the global viewers. According to the report of
FICCI-KPMG the media & entertainment industry will grow with an expected CAGR of 15.2%
in the coming years, so it has a great chance of the company to spread its TV channel globally.
Page | 30
NDTV Annual Report (2013-14)
Zee News Annual Report (2012-13)
TRAI Annual Report (2013-14)
A Report on “The Economics of Online Television: Revenue Models, Aggregation
and TV everywhere” – By David Waterman, Ryland Sherman (Indiana University) &
Sung Wook Ji (Michigan State University) Aug, 2012.
A Report on “Determining Television Advertising Rates” by Benjamin J. Bates.
Page | 31
Annexure – 1
Programs telecasted currently in the Real Estate TV channel
Dishayein- it is an interactive program which focuses Vaastu as the core and a range of
audiences from young to old interacts and understand the importance of Vaastu.
EMI- it is an interactive show which focuses on the legal, architectural and other
Intelligent Interiors-it is a half an hour show which takes the viewers to awesome
interiors with real life case studies and also cover the affordable but elegant interior
designed for homes, offices and commercial premises.
Awesome Architecture- it is a unique program of the TV channel that gives information
about the awesome structure which are manmade or natural wonders.
Celebrity Homes- it is a program where the viewer get to see the inside of the house of
Bollywood or other celebrities and also can hear their views about homes and real estate
Udaan- it is a program which showcases outstanding achievers of real estate industry
who has achieved success against all odds.
Legal Angles- it is a show which focuses on legal topics and provides useful tips and
advice to the new home buyers and existing home owners.
May I help you? - This programs provides basic information of the real estate industry
and generally has a short duration of 2-3 minutes.
Do you know? - This program provides information of various architecture and various
facts which people don't know.
Fun Time- this program shows that where and when to enjoy the weekend and also
provide all the details of the resort and hotels which people can enjoy their weekend.
Dream Home- this program is one of the unique and most popular program of SPIN TV
which showcases a builder’s project in a captivating manner.
Saath Saath- this program shows the roles played by the real estate brokers and the
importance of them.
Partners of Propex TV:
i. Partnership with various Builders: Propex TV India’s 1st real estate TV channel of
JC group made partnership with different builders. Builders become partner of TV
channel mainly because to showcase their property to the customer and they try to
get these sold. Partners of Propex TV such as Roayag, Ultima Builders, Orion
Resorts, Anzera Properties etc.
ii. Ultima builders is one of the fastest growing construction companies in Kerala. It
is the partners of Properx TV. When you search the channel’s website it shows a
tab of Ultima, after clicking redirect this into its website. You can book the
apartments and others through it. This help the customer not to search for additional
website also help the company to serve their customer at the door step.
iii. Anzera Properties and Orion Resorts are also Kerala based leading builders. Anzera
deals with plots, villas, flats and commercial whereas Orion deals with holiday
Page | 32
resorts, tours and travels etc. These are also partners of Propex TV. This is also a
good marketing activity to show company’s creativity to the mass.
Partners of Magicbricks:
i. Dainik Jagran- It is the leading Hindi language newspaper in India. Strategic
Alliance with Dainik Jagran means Magibricks.com is able to reach to the huge
market through advertisements and create awareness.
ii. India Today Group- India today group is one of the leading information source for
Indian people with the publications of magazines like India Today, Business Today
etc. Strategic alliance with India Today Group helps Magickbricks.com to reach the
upper middle class section of the society with the offerings.
iii. IBN Live- IBNLive.com is the online arm of GBN with hard news as its core
offering and interactivity as its key component. Strategic Alliance with IBN helps
magicbricks.com to cater into the educated middle class who watches news and
other contents in the channel.
iv. News 18- News18.com from the Network18 family is a website dedicated to the
seven Hindi speaking states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh,
Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. Strategic Alliance with News 18 helps
magicbricks.com to cater into the educated middle class who watches news and
other contents in the website.
v. Zee news- Zee News is a leading news channel in India which is mainly telecasted
in Hindi language. Strategic alliance with Zee News helps magicbricks.com to reach
the common people at ease and advertise their services.
vi. Aaj Tak- Aaj Tak is also a leading Hindi lingual news channel that provides
information about India and the world 24*7 to common people. Strategic alliance
with Aaj Tak helps magicbricks.com to reach the common people at ease and
advertise their services.
vii. Khaleej Times- Khaleej Times is a Dubai based newspaper that publishes news
about the UAE and the world. Strategic alliance with Khaleej Times helps
magicbricks.com to cater into the markets of Dubai and help people there to buy or
sell property easily.
Partners of 99acres.com:
i. Partnership with Puravankara Projects: In the year 2014 to improve its booking
services real estate portal 99acres.com partnered with Bangalore based Puravankar
Projects. This is for the first time buyer can view the home, select and explore the
home in a virtual 3D platform which will help the buyer to view the projects in a
very easy way and help sellers to sell in a better way.
ii. Partnership with Akshaya Group: In March 2015 99acres.com make a partnership
deal with Chennai based real estate developer Akshaya Group for an exclusive
online marketing association campaign to sell property of worth about 360 crore.
This partnership will be one year long as per the MOU. As both the portal has
already launched the iHomes for assisting customer to book their homes online.
This feature also provide some additional information like the nearest railway
Page | 33
station, park, school etc where buyer purchase their home. It will help the buyer to
gain 360 degree knowledge of a new area where he is going to leave.
iii. Partnership with Properazzi: India’s no 1 property portal 99acres made a
partnership with Properazzi which is largest property portal in Europe in the year
2007. Properazzi deals with 4 million properties in 49 countries in 32 different
languages. The main aim of 99acres is to touch into the sky high limit in its area.
Its main strategy is to expand its business globally. In this context it’s a good option
to expand the real estate business globally. With the help of Properazzi, 99acres can
reach to the 49 countries and will able to show the India’s strength in the real estate
sector market. India’s buyer now can show an interest to buy other state property
online through 99acres. In the same manner outside India’s buyer also can able to
buy the property in India through Properazzi. It is also helpful for strengthening the
relationship between the countries.
iv. Partnership with Propertyguru: 99acres made another deal with Singapore based
leading property website Propertyguru. The main aim of the deal is to catch the
Singapore property market which will be indirectly beneficial for the builders,
buyers, sellers and investors of India. As a part of the deal an India Tab has been
added with the website of Propertyguru, which shows the information related to the
Indian property for the NRI people of Singapore. Besides that both 99acres and
Propertyguru collaborate in other areas such as sharing of editorial content and work
together with Singapore and overseas property developers.
Partners of Zillow Inc.:
i. Partnership with Yahoo homes: In 2010 two globally real estate giant Zillow and
Yahoo made an exclusive partnership aiming to the advertiser to use a single
channel for reaching both the sites. Zillow will plan to sell the advertising to the
real estate agents and brokers of Yahoo. After making the alliance Zillow started
local advertising sale across both the websites. Home buyer and sellers of Zillow
and Yahoo always stay tuned as both of them uniquely gain the experience of its
ii. Partnership with Douglas Elliman: In 2014 Zillow made a strategic marketing
partnership with Douglas Elliman, one of the largest real estate brokerage in US.
As per the MOU of the deal all the Douglas Elliman listing will appear on the
website of Zillow as well as Douglas’s exclusive inventory of Manhattan properties
will be marketed through Zillow website.
Partners of Trulia Inc.:
i. Partnership with Real Trends: Real Trends, a consulting, publishing and
communication company in residential brokerage and housing industries made a
partnership with Trulia Inc. a leading online market place for home buyers, sellers,
renters and real estate professional in the year 2014. The main aim of the partnership
is to release the Real Trends, America’s best real estate agent list. According to the
company source this agent list is going to help the agents to build their personal
Page | 34
brands and generate valuable exposure, it will help also the consumer to find and
connect with them.
ii. Partnership with others: In 2013 Trulia Inc. a leading online real estate market
place in USA made a deal with 15 brokers and franchises and launched a Trulia
Accelerate Program. It’s a program that helps brokers to recruit and retain agents
by offering a customised package of products and services to accelerate
productivity. The partners across the globe also joined in the program to grow their
business as well. Partners such as BH&G Gary Greene, Century 21 award, Coach
Realtors, Keyes and many more joined into the campaign to offer right mix of
products to meet the customer needs. After the partnership formed the participating
brokers receive free resources including premium branded profiles for their agents
on the Trulia’s find an agent directory. They also have the option to receive an agent
training curriculum focused on connecting and converting online leads or valuable
marketing and advertising products that help the builders and brokers to make the
brand with consumer and spread up their market share.
Strategic alliance with Real Estate builders and developers:
i. Unitech Real Estate: Unitech real estate is a New Delhi based real estate developer
and one of the largest real estate developer of India. The TV channel has an
expansion plan in the northern India the strategic partnership with UNITECH can
help the TV channel to become popular among the target market and also provide
viewers updated and newer projects in the real estate sector.
ii. Ambuja Realty Group: The TV channel though have no such immediate plan to
cater into eastern India but strategic partnership with Ambuja can help them to
understand the market well and they can have less barriers when they decides to
enter the market.
iii. Prestige Group: The TV channel in next one year or so wants to expand its
broadcasting network in the southern part of India and the partnership with Prestige
group will enable them to cover most of the real estate projects in south India.
Prestige group builds projects in cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kochi,
Mangalore, Goa etc., which means that if the TV channel can develop strategic
partnership with Prestige Group they can have the database of the best real estate
properties in the South and that can help them to move ahead of its competitors.
Strategic Alliance with various National & Regional Television channel:
i. Aaj Tak: Aaj Tak is one of leading Hindi News channel of India. Aaj Tak is viewed by
majority of the Indian viewers and referred to as one of the most authentic source of
news. The TV channel can try to build a strategic alliance with Aaj Tak for promoting
the channel and to create a 15 minute slot in between the news programs and can give
some highlights of the shows that are telecasted in the real estate TV.
ii. Jaya Plus: The TV channel can get into strategic alliance with Jaya Plus one of the
leading news channel in the south. This can help them to create an initial demand about
the TV channel in the Southern region and can help them to gain better viewership.
Page | 35
iii. Times Now: The target segment mainly prefers the English news channels as they find
them reliable and authentic. Times Now is one of the leading English news channel of
India. The TV channel can try to build up strategic partnership with Times Now for
better penetration to the educated Indians.
iv. ABP Ananda: There are a number of real estate projects are coming up in West Bengal
at various locations but the common people of West Bengal are mostly unaware of it.
Also there is no such programs in the Bengali news channels that focuses on real estate.
Recent investment in the Industry:
TV 18 acquired Eenadu Group for USD 395 million.
Walt Diseny acquired UTV for USD 300 million.
Acquisition of ABP Group by Private investors.
Cinepolis India Pvt. Ltd, the Indian movie exhibition arm of Mexican chain Cinepolis,
is planning to add 60 screens to take its total count to over 250 screens by the end of
Turner International India has announced the expansion of its television bouquet for
children with the launch of Toonami, a channel dedicated to animated action. This is
the American company’s third children’s channel in India after Cartoon Network and
Twitter Inc. plans to set up a research and design (R&D) centre in Bengaluru to grow
faster in emerging markets. This will be the San Francisco-based company’s first such
facility outside the US. STAR India, a unit of 21st Century Fox, has acquired the entire
broadcast business of MAA Television Network Ltd for an undisclosed amount.
Carnival Films Pvt. Ltd, supported by commodity trader Shrikant Bhasi, has agreed to
buy multiplex company Stargaze Entertainment Pvt. Ltd from a unit of Mukesh
Ambani-controlled Network18 Media and Investments Ltd.
SRS Cinemas, the multiplex chain of the Rs 5,000 crore (US$ 803.87 million) SRS
Group, is currently in an expansion mode and has earmarked a huge corpus to add more
screens to its current portfolio of 48 screens to take the total number to close to 100 by
the end of 2015.
Television and film production company, Balaji Telefilms Ltd has announced that it is
entering the American television market by signing an American television series
production deal with Indus Media, the firm said in filing to BSE. The deal will see
Balaji secure rights to the TV series ‘Brown Nation’, a satirical comedy based on the
lives of Indian Americans, the firm said.
Television and film production company Balaji Telefilms Ltd has entered into a
strategic alliance with Kolkata-based Chhayabani Pvt Ltd to create distinctive and
contemporary television content.
Jagran Prakashan Limited (JPL), which publishes 12 newspapers including its flagship
brand Dainik Jagran, is set to enter the radio space with the acquisition of Media
Broadcast Private Limited (MBPL)'s Radio City 91.1 FM.
The investments that have taken place in the real estate sector are-
Page | 36
Blackstone Group has invested in various projects all over India which worth USD 355
Million taken together.
Red Fort capital has invested in Lotus Green Developers of USD 59 Million.
Aditya Birla Realty Fund has invested in Tata Housing of USD 21 Million.
Goldman Sachs and Co. has invested in Vatika Group of worth USD 40 Million.
Government of Singapore Investment Corporation invested in Nirlon of worth USD
328.3 Million and in Godrej Properties of worth USD 98.2 Million.
APG Group of Investors has invested in Godrej Properties of worth USD 140.8 Million.
Morgan and Stanley Real Estate Investment has invested in Supertech of worth USD
Bain Capital Private Equity has invested in Bangalore based RMZ Corp of worth USD
DLF assets ltd has acquired Caraf Builders at USD 696.5 Million.
Warburg Pincus has acquired Oceanus Real Estate at USD 318 Million.
Blackstone has acquired Embassy Property at USD 200 Million.
Jeff Morgan has acquired Compact Disc film city at USD 320 Million.
Page | 37
Annexure – 2
Table 2: Event Sales Revenue
Particulars Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
No of events per
2 3 3 5 6
Rate of an event 50000 50000 60000 75000 90000
Per month income 100000 150000 180000 375000 540000
Per year income(Rs) 1200000 1800000 2160000 4500000 6480000
Table 3: Revenue From website
3500 3500 3500 4025 4025
No of customer per
5 5 6 8 10
No of customer per
60 60 72 96 120
Total Revenue(Rs) 210000 210000 252000 386400 483000
Table 4: Ads Revenue in Year 1
Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 600.00
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 3,600.00
Per hour max duration of ads as
Spin TV ad time per hour (in
16 hours ₹ 3,45,600.00
For 30 days ₹ 103,68,000.00
For 1 year ₹ 1244,16,000.00
Table 5: Ads Revenue in Year 2
Spin TV ad time per hour (in
7-9 am ₹ 550.00
9-12 pm ₹ 600.00
12- 6 pm ₹ 650.00
6-11 pm ₹ 700.00
7-9 am Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 550.00
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 3,300.00
Spin TV ad time per hour (in
For 2 hrs ₹ 42,900.00
Page | 38
9-12 pm Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 600.00
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 3,600.00
Spin TV ad time per hour (in
For 3 hrs ₹ 70,200.00
12-6 pm Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 650.00
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 3,900.00
Spin TV ad time per hour (in
For 6 hrs ₹ 1,52,100.00
6-11 pm Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 700.00
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 4,200.00
Spin TV ad time per hour (in
For 5 hrs ₹ 1,36,500.00
For total 16 hrs a day revenue is ₹ 4,01,700.00
For 30 days ₹ 120,51,000.00
For a year ₹ 1446,12,000.00
Table 6: Ads Revenue in Year 3
Spin TV ad time per hour (in
7-9 am ₹ 590.00
9-12 pm ₹ 630.00
12- 6 pm ₹ 690.00
6-11 pm ₹ 750.00
7-9 am Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 590.00
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 3,540.00
Spin TV ad time per hour (in
For 2 hrs ₹ 49,560.00
9-12 pm Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 630.00
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 3,780.00
Spin TV ad time per hour (in
For 3 hrs ₹ 79,380.00
12-6 pm Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 690.00
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 4,140.00
Spin TV ad time per hour (in
For 6 hrs ₹ 1,73,880.00
6-11 pm Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 750.00
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 4,500.00
Spin TV ad time per hour (in
For 5 hrs ₹ 1,57,500.00
For total 16 hrs a day revenue is ₹ 4,60,320.00
For 30 days ₹ 138,09,600.00
Page | 39
For a year ₹ 1657,15,200.00
Table 7: Ads revenue in the Year 4
Ad rate may increase due to football
world cup upto
Spin TV ad time per hour (in mins) 7.5
7-9 am ₹ 696.20
9-12 pm ₹ 743.40
12- 6 pm ₹ 814.20
6-11 pm ₹ 885.00
7-9 am Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 696.20
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 4,177.20
Spin TV ad time per hour (in mins) ₹ 31,329.00
For 2 hrs ₹ 62,658.00
9-12 pm Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 743.40
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 4,460.40
Spin TV ad time per hour (in mins) ₹ 33,453.00
For 3 hrs ₹ 1,00,359.00
12-6 pm Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 814.20
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 4,885.20
Spin TV ad time per hour (in mins) ₹ 36,639.00
For 6 hrs ₹ 2,19,834.00
6-11 pm Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 885.00
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 5,310.00
Spin TV ad time per hour (in mins) ₹ 39,825.00
For 5 hrs ₹ 1,99,125.00
For total 16 hrs a day revenue is ₹ 5,81,976.00
For 30 days ₹
For a year ₹
Table 8: Ads Revenue in the Year 5
Ad rate may increase due to cricket
world cup up to
Spin TV ad time per hour (in mins) 8
7-9 am ₹ 650.00
9-12 pm ₹ 877.21
12- 6 pm ₹ 960.76
6-11 pm ₹ 1,044.30
7-9 am Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 650.00
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 3,900.00
Spin TV ad time per hour (in mins) ₹ 31,200.00
For 2 hrs ₹ 62,400.00
9-12 pm Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 877.21
Page | 40
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 5,263.27
Spin TV ad time per hour (in mins) ₹ 42,106.18
For 3 hrs ₹ 1,26,318.53
12-6 pm Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 960.76
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 5,764.54
Spin TV ad time per hour (in mins) ₹ 46,116.29
For 6 hrs ₹ 2,76,697.73
6-11 pm Ad rate per 10 sec ₹ 1,044.30
Ad rate per 1 min ₹ 6,265.80
Spin TV ad time per hour (in mins) ₹ 50,126.40
For 5 hrs ₹ 2,50,632.00
For total 16 hrs a day revenue is ₹ 7,16,048.26
For 30 days ₹
For a year ₹
Table 9: Production Expenses
Stores & Spares
Table 10: Operations & Admin. Expenses
Water ₹ 9,72,000.00
Printing & Stationary ₹ 6,00,000.00
Postage & Courier ₹ 2,40,000.00
Page | 41
Books & Others
Website Maintenance ₹ 3,37,200.00
Medical ₹ 9,60,000.00
Generator ₹ 3,00,000.00
Ads to other TV channel for
Staff Training ₹ 9,60,000.00
Personnel Security ₹ 2,40,000.00
Table 11: Carriage Fees Assumption
Viewer Fees Total Fees
Year 1 3000000 ₹ 10.00
Year 2 3300000 ₹ 10.00
Year 3 3795000 ₹ 9.50
Year 4 4554000 ₹ 9.00
Year 5 5692500 ₹ 8.50
Table 12: Expenses for Promotional Ads
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
₹ 28,800 ₹ 28,800 Sony (4
₹ 28,800 ₹ 36,000 Sony (4
₹ 24,000 ₹ 24,000 Aaj
Tak ( 4
₹ 24,000 ₹ 30,000 Aaj
Tak ( 4
₹ 12,600 ₹ 12,600 ABP
₹ 12,600 ₹ 15,750 ABP
Page | 42
₹ 26,400 ₹ 26,400 Star
₹ 26,400 ₹ 33,000 Star
₹ 91,800 ₹ 91,800 Star
Plus ( 3
₹ 32,400 ₹ 40,500 Star
Plus ( 3
₹ 1,24,200 ₹ 1,55,250 NDTV
Assets and Depreciation Assumption
Table 13: Assets and Depreciation Assumption
Equipment Nos/Pairs Rs.
Camera 4 ₹ 15,36,000.00
Audio Console 3 ₹ 2,30,400.00
Lighting Arrangements ₹ 11,25,000.00
Video Switchers 3 ₹ 1,48,800.00
Videotape Recorder 10 ₹ 1,12,000.00
Speakers 2 ₹ 31,120.00
Microphone & Headphone ₹ 1,25,600.00
Computers 5 ₹ 3,75,000.00
Wall monitor system 1 ₹ 29,31,200.00
Intercom System 1 ₹ 5,12,000.00
Editing & Graphics equipment ₹ 5,00,000.00
Misc. items ₹ 20,00,000.00
Total ₹ 96,27,120.00
Useful Life (yrs) 5
Depreciation per year ₹ 19,25,424.00
Vehicles Nos Rs.
Tata Ventura 2 ₹ 11,24,000.00
Maruti Alto 2 ₹ 8,40,000.00
Page | 43
Total ₹ 19,64,000.00
Useful Life (yrs) 5
Depreciation per year ₹ 3,92,800.00
Useful Life (yrs) 10
Depreciation per year ₹ 52,50,000.00
Office Equipment &
Furniture Nos. Rs.
Computers 5 ₹ 1,50,000.00
Xerox cum Printer 3 ₹ 2,13,000.00
Coffee Machine 2 ₹ 40,000.00
F/Fs ₹ 4,00,000.00
Total ₹ 8,03,000.00
Usefull Life (yrs) 5
Depreciation per year ₹ 1,60,600.00
Total Depreciation per year ₹ 77,28,824.00
Table 14: No. of Employees
Personnel Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Cameraman 10 13 15 20 23
Collectors 10 12 12 12 15
Persons 5 8 8 10 12
Photo Editor 4 5 7 7 9
Marketing Manager 1 1 1 1 1
Sales Representative 10 12 12 15 15
Store Manager 1 1 1 1 1
Store and office
Keeper 4 4 4 4 5
Spot Boy 25 25 25 30 30
Anchor 3 5 5 5 7
Operation Manager 1 1 1 1 1
Accounts Manager 1 1 1 1 1
Other Personnel 10 10 10 15 15
Table 15: Salary Structure
Personnel Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
22,223 ₹ 25,334
25,289 ₹ 28,323