Shuttle off load part 1

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NASA engineer Dennis Jenkins kindly allowed us to post his presentation on the Space Shuttle loading process in Washington D.C. last week.

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Shuttle off load part 1

  1. 1. Orbiter Off-Load and On-Load Dennis R. Jenkins
  2. 2. Moving the Orbiters• The only practical method of moving the orbiters is with the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA), a modified Boeing 747-100• The SCA has been used throughout the Space Shuttle Program • Approach and Landing Tests (ALT) • Ferry flights after landings at Edwards AFB and White Sands • Ferry flights to/from OMDP/OMM in Palmdale, California• Mating the 165,000-pound orbiter on top of the SCA is an involved process• Mating is usually accomplished using a Mate/Demate Device (MDD) at Dryden Flight Research Center and Kennedy Space Center2
  3. 3. KSC Mate/Demate Device (MDD)3
  4. 4. Dual-Crane Offload Arrangement• Dual-Crane technique developed for contingency landing sites• Has been used six times prior to current display site campaign • 1978 Redstone Arsenal – OV-101 off-load (MVGVT) • 1978 Redstone Arsenal – OV-101 on-load • 1982 Northrup Strip @ White Sands – OV-102 on-load • 1983 Mobile, Alabama – OV-101 off-load (World’s Fair) • 1983 Mobile, Alabama – OV-101 on-load • 1985 Dulles, Virginia – OV-101 off-load (NASM)• Will be used four times during display site campaign • Dulles, Virginia – OV-103 off-load (complete) • Dulles, Virginia – OV-101 on-load (complete) • JFK, New York – OV-101 off-load (May 2012) • LAX, California – OV-105 off-load (September 2012)4
  5. 5. Dual-Crane Offload Arrangement 300-ton Forward Crane 600-ton Aft Crane5
  6. 6. Wind Restraint System • Erected at KSC Shuttle Landing Facility • Did not full-size cranes • Mostly to verify drawings and procedures were correct6
  7. 7. Wind Restraint System7
  8. 8. Wind Restraint System • Wind Restraint System • Stabilizes Orbiter during offload • Requires 200 holes in ramp8
  9. 9. Dual-Crane Buildup9
  10. 10. Dual-Crane Buildup• Rented Cranes • Approximately $1M per site • 600-ton crane requires 50 trucks to deliver and a week to set-up10
  11. 11. Orbiter Sling Buildup • Orbiter Sling • Attaches to Orbiter • Requires both cranes plus smaller assembly crane11
  12. 12. Living on “The Island”12
  13. 13. Living on “The Island”13
  14. 14. Discovery (OV-103) Off-Load at Dulles International Airport14
  15. 15. Discovery and 905 Arrive15
  16. 16. Discovery and 905 Arrive16
  17. 17. Discovery and 905 Arrive17
  18. 18. Discovery and 905 Wait18
  19. 19. C-9 Pathfinder19
  20. 20. Photo Opportunity!20

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