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FOUR PARTS TO AN
EFFECTIVE PARAPHRASE
A paraphrase is…
Original—paraphrases
should use your own
fresh vocabulary,
phrasing, and sentence
structure, not the
sentence structure,
phrasing and words of
your source.
A paraphrase is…
        Accurate—paraphrases
        must precisely reflect the
        ideas, tone, and emphasis
        of your source. Even
        though are you are using
        your own words and
        sentence structure, the
        paraphrase must be true to
        the ideas of the original
        source.
A paraphrase is…
Objective—
paraphrases should not
incorporate your
opinion. Your
paraphrase must be
true to the original and
objectively reflect the
ideas/thoughts of the
source, not your own
opinions.
A paraphrase is…
         Complete—paraphrases
         need to include all the
         important ideas in your
         source. Do not only include
         part or parts of the
         ideas/thoughts of your
         original source. You must
         be complete in constructing
         your paraphrase by using all
         of the key ideas.
Sources:
• Aaron, Jane E. The Little, Brown Compact Handbook. 7th ed.
 New York: Longman, 2010. Print.

• Hacker, Diana and Nancy Sommers. A Writer’s Reference 7th
 ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2011. Print.

• Harris, Robert. Using Sources Effectively. 3rd ed. Glendale,
 CA: Pyrczak Publishing, 2011. Print.

• Howard, Rebecca Moore. Writing Matters: A Handbook for
 Writing and Research. New York: McGraw Hill, 2011. Print.

• Kirszner, Laurie G. and Stephen R. Mandell. The Brief
 Wadsworth Handbook. 6th ed. Boston: Wadsworth, 2010. Print.

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Four parts to an effective paraphrase

  • 1. FOUR PARTS TO AN EFFECTIVE PARAPHRASE
  • 2. A paraphrase is… Original—paraphrases should use your own fresh vocabulary, phrasing, and sentence structure, not the sentence structure, phrasing and words of your source.
  • 3. A paraphrase is… Accurate—paraphrases must precisely reflect the ideas, tone, and emphasis of your source. Even though are you are using your own words and sentence structure, the paraphrase must be true to the ideas of the original source.
  • 4. A paraphrase is… Objective— paraphrases should not incorporate your opinion. Your paraphrase must be true to the original and objectively reflect the ideas/thoughts of the source, not your own opinions.
  • 5. A paraphrase is… Complete—paraphrases need to include all the important ideas in your source. Do not only include part or parts of the ideas/thoughts of your original source. You must be complete in constructing your paraphrase by using all of the key ideas.
  • 6. Sources: • Aaron, Jane E. The Little, Brown Compact Handbook. 7th ed. New York: Longman, 2010. Print. • Hacker, Diana and Nancy Sommers. A Writer’s Reference 7th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2011. Print. • Harris, Robert. Using Sources Effectively. 3rd ed. Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing, 2011. Print. • Howard, Rebecca Moore. Writing Matters: A Handbook for Writing and Research. New York: McGraw Hill, 2011. Print. • Kirszner, Laurie G. and Stephen R. Mandell. The Brief Wadsworth Handbook. 6th ed. Boston: Wadsworth, 2010. Print.