The mosque of córdoba


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The mosque of córdoba

  1. 1. THE MOSQUE
  2. 2. The Mosque-cathedral of Córdoba <ul><li>The construction started in the 786 on the ruins of the visigoth basilica of San Vicente Martyr. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The mosque was expanded four times in different ages . </li></ul><ul><li>The first part was built by Abd-al-Rahman I in 786 ( pink ) </li></ul><ul><li>Then, a second part was made by Abd-al-Rahman II ( green ) </li></ul><ul><li>Abd-al-Rahman III built the minaret (number 2). </li></ul><ul><li>The next part is due to </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Haken II ( blue ) </li></ul><ul><li>The last one was built by Al-Mansur in 988 ( brown ). It </li></ul><ul><li>has 23,400 square metres altogether. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Parts of the Mosque <ul><li>The Orange Trees Courtyard was originally used for ritual washings. It is now surrounded by a gallery from the 16th century. </li></ul><ul><li>The minaret (now covered by the christian tower) was used for calling the prayers. </li></ul><ul><li>The oratory or prayer room with 1300 columns and 365 bicolour arches. </li></ul>Courtyard Cathedral Tower Oratory
  5. 5. The oratory <ul><li>The oratory is made up of nineteen naves with 856 columns with shafts of all imaginable colours and forms </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>THE CATHEDRAL </li></ul><ul><li>After the conquest of Cordoba by the christians, they used the mosque to celebrate their cult, but in the 16 TH century the christians built a cathedral in middle of it. The architects were Hernán Ruiz I, II and III. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Minaret <ul><li>The remains of the old square-shaped minaret, made by Abderramán III, are now inside the christian belfry of the cathedral . </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Mihrab <ul><li>This is the present appearance of the Mihrab, built by Al-haken II. The mihrab is a small room in the kiblah where the Koran is kept. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Kiblah <ul><li>The Kiblah is the wall where the imam and the worshippers must be orientated to when they pray. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>One of the most important parts of the Mosque is The Orange Tree Courtyard, whose last expansion was carried out at the time of Abd al-Rahman III. In the Islamic period it was used as a place for public activities. The arches of the oratory on the courtyard were open. </li></ul>The Orange Tree Courtyard
  11. 11. Activities <ul><li>MINARET - Prayer Room. </li></ul><ul><li>MIHRAB - Wall facing Mecca. </li></ul><ul><li>ORATORY - Christian bell tower. </li></ul><ul><li>KIBLAH - Place where the Coran is </li></ul>1. Match the following words with their definition .
  12. 12. 2. Complete the text with the following words: <ul><li>The _______ of the Great Mosque of Cordoba. It marks the path toward the _____ (Mecca) and to which the _______ and the ___________ must be orientated to perform their _______. </li></ul><ul><li>The door of the _____ gives access to the Mosque: there is a group of 1300 _______ with sixty-five ________ arches. </li></ul>Worshippers Palms Imam Kaaba Bicolour Columns Prayers Quibla
  13. 13. <ul><li>How many expansions were made to the Mosque? </li></ul><ul><li>On what ruins was the mosque built? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the original function of the Orange trees courtyard? </li></ul><ul><li>What was there in the Mihrab? </li></ul><ul><li>What did the christians do when they conquered Córdoba? </li></ul><ul><li>Can the minaret be seen nowadays? Why? </li></ul>3. Answer these questions .
  14. 14. Presentation made by: Carlos Manuel Sierra Párraga Javier Martos Sánchez IES Medina Azahara, Córdoba (Spain) for the Comenius project: Multicultural European Landscapes .