Expressing future in english


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Expressing future in english

  2. 2. The Present Continuous <ul><li>* When we are talking about arrangements/plans in the future. We should mention the time. </li></ul><ul><li>A: What are you doing tomorrow afternoon ? </li></ul><ul><li>B: I’m playing tennis with Tom. </li></ul><ul><li>I’m not going out tonight . I’m staying at home. </li></ul><ul><li>* It’s also possible to use “going to” in these sentences. But the present continuous is usually more natural when we are talking about arrangements. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Present Simple <ul><li>When we are talking about “timetables, progammes...etc..for public transport, cinemas... </li></ul><ul><li>- What time does the film start ? </li></ul><ul><li>- The bus leaves Plymouth at 1.30 and arrives in London a 13.45 </li></ul><ul><li>- What time does your train leave ? </li></ul><ul><li>- The football match starts at 8.00 o’clock. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Going to future <ul><li>1) Future decisions , taken before the time of speaking </li></ul><ul><li>-A: There is a film on television tonight. Are you going to watch it? </li></ul><ul><li>B: No, I’m tired. I’m going to have an early night. </li></ul><ul><li>-A: Have you made coffee yet? </li></ul><ul><li>B: No, but I’m just going to make it. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Predictions about the future from evidence in the present. </li></ul><ul><li>Look at those black clouds. It’s going to rain! </li></ul><ul><li>Oh dear! It’s 9 o’clock and I’m not ready. I’m going to be late. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Will <ul><li>1) For a sudden decision made at the time of speaking. </li></ul><ul><li>A: Don’t forget it’s Jo’s birthday tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>B: Is it? O.K. I’ ll send her a card this afternoon . </li></ul><ul><li>2) For promises. </li></ul><ul><li>A: Don’t forget to phone us. </li></ul><ul><li>B: Don’t worry. I ’ll phone you every day. </li></ul><ul><li>3) For offers . </li></ul><ul><li>Those bags are too heavy. I’ ll carry one for you. </li></ul><ul><li>4) Asking someone to do something </li></ul><ul><li>Will you shut the door, please? </li></ul><ul><li>Will you please be quiet? I’m trying to concentrate </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>5) With clauses of condition and time : </li></ul><ul><li>If my marks are good, I’ll get a place at universiy </li></ul><ul><li>I’ll phone you as soon as/when I get home. </li></ul><ul><li>6) I think I’ll .... / I don’t think I’ll .... </li></ul><ul><li>I’m tired. I think I’ll go the bed early tonight. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s raining. I don’t think I’ll go out. </li></ul><ul><li>7) Predictions about the future: </li></ul><ul><li>I think Ruth will pass her exam without much difficulty. </li></ul><ul><li>8) We often use “will” with these words or expressions : </li></ul><ul><li>Probably: I’ll probably be a bit late this evening </li></ul><ul><li>(I’m) sure: You must meet Ann. I’m sure you’ll like her </li></ul><ul><li>expect: I expect Carol will get the job. </li></ul><ul><li>9) A planned schedule </li></ul><ul><li>Classes will begin on the first of the month </li></ul>
  7. 7. Future Perfect: will have + past part. <ul><li>* For a completed action at a specific time in the future . To express that something will already have happened before a certain time in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a look at this situation: </li></ul><ul><li>Tom and Ann are going to the cinema. The film begins at 7.30 and it is already 7.20. And it will take them 20 minutes to get there. </li></ul><ul><li>When they get there, the film will have already started. </li></ul><ul><li>- By the end of next week, we will have done our half term exam. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Future Continuous: Will be - ing <ul><li>For an action in progress at a specific time in the future . Have a look at this situation: </li></ul><ul><li>I’m going to watch television from 9 until 10 o’clock this evening. </li></ul><ul><li>So at 9.30 I will be watching television. </li></ul><ul><li>We often use Will you be – ing? to ask about people’s plans , especially when you want something or want someone to do something </li></ul><ul><li>Will you be using your bicycle this evening? </li></ul><ul><li>No, you can take it </li></ul><ul><li>Will you be passing the chemist’s when you go out? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, why? </li></ul>