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  1. 1. Names: Sabrina e Tainá Class: 215
  2. 2. <ul><li>Generally (but not always) pronouns stand for (pro + noun) or refer to a noun, an individual or individuals or thing or things (the pronoun's antecedent) whose identity is made clear earlier in the text. </li></ul><ul><li>For instance: </li></ul><ul><li>They say that eating beef is bad for you. </li></ul><ul><li>Not all pronouns will refer to an antecedent, however. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone here earns over a thousand dollars a day. </li></ul><ul><li>This section will list and briefly describe the several kinds of pronouns. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Note  the   examples   of the   differences   between   the subject   and object : </li></ul><ul><li>She  saw  her  at the supermarket. </li></ul><ul><li>She  saw  us  at the restaurant. </li></ul><ul><li>You  gave  me  a present. </li></ul>SUBJECT PRONOUN OBJECT PRONOUN I Me You You He Him She Her It It We Us You You They Them
  4. 4. <ul><li>The demonstrative pronouns are meant to indicate something.  They are: this, that, these and those. </li></ul><ul><li>The pronoun &quot;this&quot; should be used to indicate something that is singular andnear speaker. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: This car is really cool . </li></ul><ul><li>Referring to something singular and far, the speaker should use &quot;that&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: That is my new neighbor . </li></ul><ul><li>However, when referring to something close, only in the plural, the speaker should use &quot;these &quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: These tickets are too expensive . </li></ul><ul><li>The &quot;those&quot; should be used whenever the speaker wants to demonstrate something that is plural and farther away. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: Those are my classmates . </li></ul><ul><li>Recalling:   </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;This&quot; -> near / natural </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;These&quot; -> near / plural </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;That&quot; -> far / natural </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Those&quot; -> far / plural </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>These are words that refer to the terms mentioned previously. </li></ul><ul><li>Who and Whom refers to people. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: The boy whom I saw is beautiful. </li></ul><ul><li>The boy who I saw is beautiful. </li></ul><ul><li>Which can refer to objects and animals. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: The dog which entered the room is sick. </li></ul><ul><li>The dog which you saw is sick. </li></ul><ul><li>That can refer to people, objects and animals. Can not be used with preposition. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: The boy that arrived is beautiful. </li></ul><ul><li>The boy that I saw is beautiful. </li></ul><ul><li>The dog that you saw is sick. </li></ul><ul><li>Whose Indicates a relationship of possession, that is, its antecedent is always theowner.  There can be omitted. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: That ‘s the girl whose car was stolen. </li></ul><ul><li>The car whose the door is open is very old. </li></ul><ul><li>I know the author whose stories you like. </li></ul><ul><li>I have the book whose the stories you like. </li></ul><ul><li>See: substantive . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Indefinite Pronouns - Singular Examples Another Thanks, I’ll have  another . Anybody / Anyone Anyone  can see it! Anything Anything  can happen now. Each Each  has his own opinions. Either Either  will do it. Enough Enough  is enough. Everybody / Everyone Everybody  is going home. Everything Everything  is nice here Less Less  is more. Indefinite pronouns- Singular Examples Little Little  is known about the dinosaurs. Much Much  was told on the class. Neither Neither  worked there. No one / Nobody Nobody  wants to be her. Nothing Nothing  will change it. One One  might think it’s Other One was fat and the  other  was slim. Somebody / Someone Someone  could help you. Something Something  has changed.
  7. 7. Indefinite pronouns - Plural Examples Both Both  are idiots! Few Few  could be here. Fewer Fewer  are smoking these days. Many Many  want to come. Others Others  have done it before. Several Several  left in the box. They They  say that tomatoes are healthy. Infinite Pronouns – Singular or Plural Examples All All  is over. Any Is  any  left? More More  are doing this. Most Most  have finished the test. None None  of them are my friends. Some Some  have gone home. Such Such  is life.
  8. 8. <ul><li>Reflexive pronouns can be used to express a reflexive action (the action of the verb falls on the subject itself), function emphatic (the pronoun must match what we're emphasizing.) idiomatic function (it has been the intention of informing the subject practiced action alone, without anyone's help. In this case, the reflexive pronoun must be preceded by &quot;by&quot;.) </li></ul>Exs.: Janet hurt herself . Virginia Woolf killed herself . Tom was sitting there by himself . I did this myself ! They paint the shoes themselves . Reflexive Pronouns MYSELF YOURSELF HIMSELF HERSELF ITSELF OURSELVES YOURSELVES THEMSELVES
  9. 9. <ul><li>The Interrogative Pronouns are pronouns used in the construction of questions. They are replacing the names or noun phrases in the questions, stating the type of information being sought. They always start the sentence interrogative. They are: Who, Whom, What, Which, Where, When, How, Whose. </li></ul><ul><li>Exs.: Who is our new teacher?  </li></ul><ul><li>Whom were you going with?  </li></ul><ul><li>With whom is your friend playing?  </li></ul><ul><li>What is your name?  </li></ul><ul><li>What do you do in your free time?  </li></ul><ul><li>Which TV program do you like?  </li></ul><ul><li>Where do you live?  </li></ul><ul><li>When did you talk to him?  </li></ul><ul><li>How can I say “pronomes” in English?  </li></ul><ul><li>Whose is that car?  </li></ul><ul><li>There are also some expressions interrogative pronouns formed by how and what, accompanied by an adverb or verb, as: How long, How much, How many, How often, What about, What... like?. </li></ul><ul><li>Exs.: How long have you been living in the same house?  </li></ul><ul><li>How much is this book?  </li></ul><ul><li>How many books did you buy?  </li></ul><ul><li>How often do you go to the movies?  </li></ul><ul><li>What about changing your life?  </li></ul><ul><li>What is your boyfriend like?  </li></ul>
  10. 10. Morphological Analysis Adjective Sophisticated Pronoun Most Article The Preposition For For the most sophisticated.
  11. 11. Análise morfológica Adjetivo Sofisticados Pronome Mais Artigo Os Preposição Para Para os mais sofisticados.