Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
English Work
Adjectives
Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. The  Articles  —   a ,  an , and   t...
Examples: <ul><li>the tall  professor  </li></ul><ul><li>the lugubrious  lieutenant  </li></ul><ul><li>a solid  commitment...
<ul><li>Different the Portuguese, the adjectives in English do not have: - GENDER, it is, it uses the same adjective for b...
<ul><li>Position of Adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike  Adverbs , which often seem capable of popping up almost anywhere ...
(See  Below .) When indefinite pronouns — such as something, someone, anybody — are modified by an adjective, the adjectiv...
<ul><li>Anyone capable  of doing  something horrible  to  someone nice  should be punished. Something wicked  this way com...
<ul><li>old   house </li></ul><ul><li>beautiful  and  tall   girl </li></ul><ul><li>intelligent  boy </li></ul>
<ul><li>big   tree </li></ul><ul><li>excellent   and   punctual   teacher   </li></ul>
<ul><li>fast  and  red  car </li></ul><ul><li>blue  eyes   </li></ul>
<ul><li>beautiful pink  flowers. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Adjectives can express degrees of modification:  </li></ul><ul><li>Gladys is a  rich  woman, but Josie is  richer ...
<ul><li>Notice that the word  than  frequently  accompanies the comparative and the word  the  precedes the superlative. T...
Positive   Comparative Superlative rich  richer  richest  lovely  lovelier  loveliest  beautiful  more beautiful  most bea...
Certain adjectives have irregular forms in the comparative and superlative degrees:   Irregular Comparative and Superlativ...
Premodifiers with Degrees of  Adjectives <ul><li>Both  adverbs  and  adjectives  in their  comparative  and  superlative  ...
<ul><li>We were  a lot more careful  this time.  </li></ul><ul><li>He works  a lot less carefully  than the other jeweler ...
<ul><li>The same process can be used to downplay the degree: </li></ul><ul><li>The weather this week has been  somewhat be...
<ul><li>And sometimes a set phrase, usually an informal noun phrase, is used for this purpose: </li></ul><ul><li>He arrive...
<ul><li>If the intensifier  very  accompanies the superlative, a determiner is also required: </li></ul><ul><li>She is wea...
<ul><li>He is  tired  and  hungry .   ( Ele está  cansado  e  faminto ). </li></ul><ul><li>She is  tall  and  blond .   ( ...
<ul><li>When there are three or more adjectives: </li></ul><ul><li>He is  tired ,  hungry   and  sad .   ( Ele está  cansa...
<ul><li>The player's performance was   fascinating . ( O desempenho do jogador foi  fascinante ) . </li></ul><ul><li>They ...
<ul><li>I don't understand these  confusing  rules. ( Não consigo entender estas regras  confusas ) . </li></ul><ul><li>I ...
The brazilian are makeing from the  mistures  and  cultures . Morphologic Analysis: Mistures :  adjective Are: adverb   Cu...
Syntactic Analysis: Mistures :  adjective adnominal Brazilian: subject Cultures :  adjective adnominal Are: adjunct adverb...
Morphologic Analysis: Os brasileiros são feitos de  misturas  e  culturas . Misturas :  adjetivo Feitos: verbo Culturas : ...
Os brasileiros são feitos de  misturas  e  culturas .  Syntactic Analysis: Misturas :  adjunto nominal São feitos de mistu...
Group:  Carmen, Evelyn,  Valentina , Thaís* e  Patrícia * Class:  215
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Adjectives

3,302 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Adjectives

  1. 1. English Work
  2. 2. Adjectives
  3. 3. Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. The Articles — a , an , and the — are adjectives. Definition
  4. 4. Examples: <ul><li>the tall professor </li></ul><ul><li>the lugubrious lieutenant </li></ul><ul><li>a solid commitment </li></ul><ul><li>a month's pay </li></ul><ul><li>a six-year-old child </li></ul><ul><li>the unhappiest, richest man </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Different the Portuguese, the adjectives in English do not have: - GENDER, it is, it uses the same adjective for both the men and for female. Note the examples: </li></ul><ul><li>a blond boy </li></ul><ul><li>(um menino loiro ) </li></ul><ul><li>a blond girl </li></ul><ul><li>(uma menina loira ) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Position of Adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike Adverbs , which often seem capable of popping up almost anywhere in a sentence, adjectives nearly always appear immediately before the noun or noun phrase that they modify. Sometimes they appear in a string of adjectives, and when they do, they appear in a set order according to category. </li></ul>
  7. 7. (See Below .) When indefinite pronouns — such as something, someone, anybody — are modified by an adjective, the adjective comes after the pronoun:
  8. 8. <ul><li>Anyone capable of doing something horrible to someone nice should be punished. Something wicked this way comes. And there are certain adjectives that, in combination with certain words, are always &quot;postpositive“. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>old house </li></ul><ul><li>beautiful and tall girl </li></ul><ul><li>intelligent boy </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>big tree </li></ul><ul><li>excellent and punctual teacher </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>fast and red car </li></ul><ul><li>blue eyes </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>beautiful pink flowers. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Adjectives can express degrees of modification: </li></ul><ul><li>Gladys is a rich woman, but Josie is richer than Gladys, and Sadie is the richest woman in town. </li></ul><ul><li>The degrees of comparison are known as the positive , the comparative , and the superlative . (Actually, only the comparative and superlative show degrees.) We use the comparative for comparing two things and the superlative for comparing three or more things. </li></ul>Degrees of Adjectives
  14. 14. <ul><li>Notice that the word than frequently accompanies the comparative and the word the precedes the superlative. The inflected suffixes -er and -est suffice to form most comparatives and superlatives, although we need -ier and -iest when a two-syllable adjective ends in y (happier and happiest); otherwise we use more and most when an adjective has more than one syllable. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Positive Comparative Superlative rich richer richest lovely lovelier loveliest beautiful more beautiful most beautiful
  16. 16. Certain adjectives have irregular forms in the comparative and superlative degrees: Irregular Comparative and Superlative Forms: good better best bad worse worst little less least much many some more most far further furthest
  17. 17. Premodifiers with Degrees of Adjectives <ul><li>Both adverbs and adjectives in their comparative and superlative forms can be accompanied by premodifiers, single words and phrases, that intensify the degree. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>We were a lot more careful this time. </li></ul><ul><li>He works a lot less carefully than the other jeweler in town. </li></ul><ul><li>We like his work so much better . </li></ul><ul><li>You'll get your watch back all the faster . </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>The same process can be used to downplay the degree: </li></ul><ul><li>The weather this week has been somewhat better . </li></ul><ul><li>He approaches his schoolwork a little less industriously than his brother does. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>And sometimes a set phrase, usually an informal noun phrase, is used for this purpose: </li></ul><ul><li>He arrived a whole lot sooner than we expected. </li></ul><ul><li>That's a heck of a lot better . </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>If the intensifier very accompanies the superlative, a determiner is also required: </li></ul><ul><li>She is wearing her very finest outfit for the interview. </li></ul><ul><li>They're doing the very best they can. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>He is tired and hungry . ( Ele está cansado e faminto ). </li></ul><ul><li>She is tall and blond . ( Ela é alta e loira ). </li></ul>When there are two adjectives:
  23. 23. <ul><li>When there are three or more adjectives: </li></ul><ul><li>He is tired , hungry and sad . ( Ele está cansado , faminto e triste) . </li></ul><ul><li>She is tall , blond and nice . ( Ela é alta , loira e simpática) . </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>The player's performance was fascinating . ( O desempenho do jogador foi fascinante ) . </li></ul><ul><li>They were fascinated by the player's performance. ( Eles ficaram fascinados com o desempenho do jogador). </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>I don't understand these confusing rules. ( Não consigo entender estas regras confusas ) . </li></ul><ul><li>I was confused about the rules. ( Fiquei confuso com relação às regras). </li></ul><ul><li>The movie is interesting . (O filme é interessante ) . </li></ul>
  26. 26. The brazilian are makeing from the mistures and cultures . Morphologic Analysis: Mistures : adjective Are: adverb Cultures : adjective Makeing: verb The: article From: preposition Brazilian: noun And: conjunction
  27. 27. Syntactic Analysis: Mistures : adjective adnominal Brazilian: subject Cultures : adjective adnominal Are: adjunct adverbial The: adjective adnominal From the mistures ande cultures: predicate
  28. 28. Morphologic Analysis: Os brasileiros são feitos de misturas e culturas . Misturas : adjetivo Feitos: verbo Culturas : adjetivo Brasileiros: substantivo Os: artigo De: preposição São: advérbio E: conjunção
  29. 29. Os brasileiros são feitos de misturas e culturas . Syntactic Analysis: Misturas : adjunto nominal São feitos de misturas e culturas:predicado Culturas : adjunto nominal São: adjunto adverbial Os: adjunto adnominal Brasileiros: sujeito
  30. 30. Group: Carmen, Evelyn, Valentina , Thaís* e Patrícia * Class: 215

×