descriptive action


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descriptive action

  1. 1. Descriptive ResearchandAction ResearchBy1. Andreas Setyo ( 10420231 )2. Tri Arianto (10420269 )3. Tika Pungkasari (10420257)4. Nur Rofiah Sophia (10420264)5. Hardiani Vicky (10420277 )
  2. 2. Descriptive ResearchDescriptive Research as the description and interpretation ofwhat is (Best 1977;116)The term descriptive research refers to the type of researchquestion, design, and data analysis that will be applied to a giventopic.It is concerned with conditions or relationships that exist ,opinions that are held, processes that are going on, effect thatare evident, or trends that are developing.
  3. 3. The basic steps of Descriptive ResearchAn ordery scentific and desciplined research process, involving :1. Recognizing and Identifying a topic to be studied.2. Selecting an appropriate to be studied3. Collecting valid and reliable data4. Reporting conclusion
  4. 4. Descriptive Research : The Ex Post Facto MethodDescriptive research seek to find the answer to questions throught the analysis ofvariable relationship.Figure below show result of 28.780 trrafict accident in Sweden. In these accidents 98percent of the cars were equipped with lap and shoulder belts. But only 25 per cent ofthe drivers and 30 per cent of the front seat passenfer were using the belt. This is whathappened :killed severely injuried slightly injuriedDrivers :Among 6.870 using belts 2 51 175Among 21.910 not using belts 37 263 835Front seat passengersAmong 2.699 using belts 1 22 109Among 6.032 not using belts 12 160 439
  5. 5. Somekh (1995) as quoted by Cohen,Manion and Morrison (2007 : 298 ) :Action research is designed to bridgethe gap between research andpractice, thereby striving toovercome the perceived persistentfailure of research to impact,improve, practice.
  6. 6. Action research is a form ofresearch in which practitionersreflect systematically on theirpractice, implementing informedaction to bring about improvementin practice
  7. 7. Benefits of Action Research• Focus on school issue, problem, or area ofcollective interest• Form of teacher professional development• Potential to impact school change• Reflect on own practice• Improved communications
  8. 8. According to Nunan, he explained process researchcycle like that :1. Initation2. Preliminary investigation3. Hypothesis4. Intervention5. Evaluation6. Disemination7. Follow –up
  9. 9. Characteristic Action Research1. Situational,2. Contextual,3. Collaborative and participative betweenteachers,4. Self-educational nature,
  10. 10. Steps in Action Research1. PlanningIdentify a problem or issue and develop a plan of action.2. ActionResearcher is doing the action based on what has been panned.3. ObservingDocumenting the effects of critically informed action4. ReflectingReflection seeks to make sense of process, problems, issues andconstraints made manifest in strategic action.
  11. 11. Example• Problem :Nilai ulangan bahasa Inggris siswa kelas VII A di bawah KKM.( Narrative)• Planning :a. Identify :* Siswa kesulitan memahami bahasa yangdigunakan dalam teks* Cara mengajar guru kurang menarik dan tidak komunikatifb. Plan for action :* Meminta siswa untuk menghafalkan 5 V2 dan5 irregular verb ( setiap pertemuan )* Merubah cara mengajar dengan menggunakan media (gambar, video,…) dan menciptakan suasana yang lebihkomunikatif.
  12. 12. • Action :Peneliti melakukan tindakan sesuai denganyang telah direncanakan.• Observing :* Siswa menajadi lebih mudah memahamibahasa yang digunakan dalam sebuah teksnarrative* Siswa menjadi lebih tertarik mengikutipelajaranSiswa menjadi lebih mudah memahami materiSuasana kelas menjadi lebih komunikatif
  13. 13. • Reflection :* Menyusun kesimpulan penjalasan danpemaknaan, sintesis.* Mengkaji apa yang telah dihasilkandari tindakan tersebut.* Pengkajian terhadap keberhasilan ataukegagalan yang telah ditetapkan padaawal.
  14. 14. T H A N K Y O U