Mcj Presentation2

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India@60 Not just social changes… Change for Opportunity
India after sixty years
presentation by Dr Karnam Narendar

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Mcj Presentation2

  1. 1. [email_address] Not just social changes… Presentation for MCJ Students of Osmania Universtiy
  2. 2. Change for Opportunity <ul><li>Status-quo is good for incumbent players (established companies) – they have products or services, smooth operations, established business models, loyal set of customers, functional teams …… </li></ul><ul><li>Change brings in disruption – that in consumer tastes, cost structures, business models, expectations, level of expertise needed, distribution channels, payment mechanisms, availability of finance </li></ul><ul><li>Change produces a level-playing field which is actually loaded in favour of a new player because of his flexibility, adaptability. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Broad Categories of Change <ul><li>Demographic – whole population (age distribution) </li></ul><ul><li>Economic – Emerging markets </li></ul><ul><li>Socio-Cultural -- Value systems, role models </li></ul><ul><li>Technological -- Variety, performance, cost </li></ul><ul><li>Political – democratic, authoritarian/totalitarian regimes. Free market Vs socialistic policies. </li></ul><ul><li>Legal and Regulatory -- liberalization (internal and external), enforcement of IP protection laws </li></ul>
  4. 4. Demographic Changes <ul><li>Working population as the % of total population </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy </li></ul><ul><li>Healthcare and Social Security Needs </li></ul><ul><li>Urban-Rural Ratio </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Male-Female ratio </li></ul>
  5. 5. Socio-Cultural Changes <ul><li>Value systems -- globalization and local assertions </li></ul><ul><li>Accepted norms of behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Approach towards sexuality </li></ul><ul><li>Role of religion and spirituality </li></ul><ul><li>Pursuit of expertise, knowledge, wealth, possessions </li></ul><ul><li>Aspirations, fears, desires, anxieties </li></ul><ul><li>Measure of “time” – attention span, priorities, conveniences </li></ul>
  6. 6. Technological Changes <ul><li>Availability and wide-spread assimilation of technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Technology and it pervasiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Costs and disposable incomes </li></ul><ul><li>Performance, variety, ease of acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Cross applications – interdisciplinary developments </li></ul><ul><li>Comfort level of technology usage </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: CD ROM drives and mobile phones </li></ul>
  7. 7. Economic Changes <ul><li>Gross Domestic Product and Per Capita Income </li></ul><ul><li>Level of exports and imports </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation and interest rates </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of credit at all levels </li></ul><ul><li>Size of the middle class </li></ul><ul><li>Various growth rates – industrial growth, productivity growth, exports growth </li></ul><ul><li>Level of unemployment </li></ul>
  8. 8. Political and Regulatory Changes <ul><li>Regulated, protected, closed economy </li></ul><ul><li>Transition from centrally planned to market economy (India, 1991) </li></ul><ul><li>Transition from communism to “market socialism” (China, 1978-1980) </li></ul><ul><li>IPRs (copyrights, patent laws) </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Enforcement and right to property </li></ul><ul><li>Labour and land reforms </li></ul>
  9. 9. India after sixty years <ul><li>Young” country with rising literacy and prosperity </li></ul><ul><li>GDP growth rate of 9 % per annum </li></ul><ul><li>Growing middle class </li></ul><ul><li>Liberal, business like values, tolerant to sexuality, pursuit of wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Religion ?? </li></ul><ul><li>High unemployment, imbalance in the development </li></ul>
  10. 10. India after sixty years <ul><li>IP laws (new patent regime) </li></ul><ul><li>Respect in the global community (functional democracy) </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere conducive to business </li></ul><ul><li>Well developed “Institutions” – judiciary, capital markets, stock exchanges, media (free and independent), educational institutions, regulatory bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Great place to be for entrepreneurs </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>THANK YOU! </li></ul><ul><li>Dr.Narender, K </li></ul><ul><li>Sunday, August 12, 2007 </li></ul>

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