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Writing Summaries


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Writing Summaries

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Writing Summaries

  1. 1. S ummary W riting by Piet van der Laan
  2. 2. W riting a summary takes 5 steps <ul><li>S tep 1. Read with the Writer’s Purpose in Mind. </li></ul><ul><li>S tep 2. Underline with Summarizing in Mind. </li></ul><ul><li>S tep 3. Writing your Summary. </li></ul><ul><li>S tep 4. Revising your Summary (proofreading). </li></ul><ul><li>S tep 5. Editing your Summary. </li></ul>
  3. 3. S tep 1. R ead with the W riter’s P urpose in M ind <ul><li>M ake predictions based on the title, subtitles, pictures, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>R ead the article carefully (no notes, no marks). </li></ul><ul><li>W rite down the point that is made about the subject in one sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>U nderline the writer’s thesis (main idea) and check whether it corresponds with what you wrote down . </li></ul>
  4. 4. S tep 2. U nderline with S ummarizing in M ind <ul><li>R ead the text again and underline the major points supporting the thesis. </li></ul><ul><li>U nderline the transitional elements that show how parts are connected. </li></ul><ul><li>L ook up difficult words if necessary. </li></ul>
  5. 5. S tep 3. W riting your S ummary <ul><li>Y our summary should contain the following elements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I ntroduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B ody </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C onclusion </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. S tep 3. W riting your S ummary (1) <ul><li>I ntroduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>W riter, title, main idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I n the article, ……. (title article), …….(author’s name) stated/states that ….(the author’s thesis in your own words) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. S tep 3. W riting your S ummary (2) <ul><li>B ody </li></ul><ul><ul><li>S ummarize in the order of the author’s thoughts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P araphrase and condense into a coherent whole. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I nclude major data. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I nclude one or more of the author’s examples or illustrations (liveliness.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>D o not include your own ideas, illustrations or interpretations. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U se appropriate transitions. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. S tep 3. W riting your S ummary (3) <ul><li>C onclusion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C onclude with a final statement reflecting the significance of the article. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D on’t use your own point of view but the writer’s </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. S tep 4. R evising your S ummary (proofreading) <ul><li>C heck for accuracy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D oes your summary make the same point as the article? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>H ave you omitted anything important? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D oes your summary read smoothly with all parts clearly related? </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. S tep 5. E diting your S ummary <ul><li>C orrect grammar, spelling and punctuation errors, looking particularly for those common in your writing. </li></ul><ul><li>W rite a clean draft and proofread for copying errors. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Q uestions?