T alking about the  P ast
T alking about the  P ast <ul><li>W hen you want to talk about an event that occurred at a particular time in the past, yo...
T alking about the  P ast <ul><li>Y ou also use the past simple to talk about a situation that existed over a period of ti...
T alking about the  P ast <ul><li>W hen you want to talk about something which took place regularly in the past, you use t...
T alking about the  P ast <ul><li>WARNING:  The past simple always refers to a time in the past. A time reference is neces...
T alking about the  P ast <ul><li>W hen you want to talk about something which occurred regularly in the past, you can use...
T alking about the  P ast <ul><li>WARNING:  You do not normally use ‘would’ with this meaning with verbs which are not use...
T alking about the  P ast <ul><li>W hen you want to talk about something which continued to happen before and after a give...
T alking about the  P ast <ul><li>Y ou also use the past continuous to talk about a temporary state of affairs in the past...
T alking about the  P ast <ul><li>W hen you are concerned with the present effects or future effects of something which ha...
T alking about the  P ast <ul><li>Y ou also use the present perfect when you are thinking of a time which started in the p...
T alking about the  P ast <ul><li>W hen you are looking back from a point in past time, and you are concerned with the eff...
T alking about the  P ast <ul><li>W hen you want to talk about the future from a point of view in past time, you can use ‘...
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Talking about the Past

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Talking about the past

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Talking about the Past

  1. 1. T alking about the P ast
  2. 2. T alking about the P ast <ul><li>W hen you want to talk about an event that occurred at a particular time in the past, you use the past simple. </li></ul><ul><li>The Prime Minister flew into New York yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>The new term started last week. </li></ul>
  3. 3. T alking about the P ast <ul><li>Y ou also use the past simple to talk about a situation that existed over a period of time in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>We spent most of our time at home last winter. </li></ul><ul><li>They earned their money quickly that year. </li></ul>
  4. 4. T alking about the P ast <ul><li>W hen you want to talk about something which took place regularly in the past, you use the past simple. </li></ul><ul><li>They went for picnics most weekends. </li></ul><ul><li>We usually spent the winter at Aunt Meg’s house. </li></ul>
  5. 5. T alking about the P ast <ul><li>WARNING: The past simple always refers to a time in the past. A time reference is necessary to say what time in the past you are referring to. The time reference can be established in an earlier sentence or by another speaker, but it must be established. </li></ul>
  6. 6. T alking about the P ast <ul><li>W hen you want to talk about something which occurred regularly in the past, you can use ‘would’ or ‘used to’ instead of the past simple. </li></ul><ul><li>We would normally spend the winter in Miami. </li></ul><ul><li>People used to believe that the world was flat. </li></ul>
  7. 7. T alking about the P ast <ul><li>WARNING: You do not normally use ‘would’ with this meaning with verbs which are not used in the continuous tenses. (appearing, belonging to, forget, etc) </li></ul>
  8. 8. T alking about the P ast <ul><li>W hen you want to talk about something which continued to happen before and after a given time in the past, you use a past continuous. </li></ul><ul><li>I hurt myself when I was fixing my bike. </li></ul><ul><li>It was midnight. She was driving home. </li></ul>
  9. 9. T alking about the P ast <ul><li>Y ou also use the past continuous to talk about a temporary state of affairs in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Our team were losing 2-1 at the time. </li></ul><ul><li>We were staying with friends in Italy. </li></ul>
  10. 10. T alking about the P ast <ul><li>W hen you are concerned with the present effects or future effects of something which happened at an indefinite time in the past, you use the present perfect. </li></ul><ul><li>I’m afraid I ’ve forgotten my book, so I don’t know. </li></ul><ul><li>He ’s broken his leg, so he won’t be able to come. </li></ul>
  11. 11. T alking about the P ast <ul><li>Y ou also use the present perfect when you are thinking of a time which started in the past and still continues. </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever stolen anything? (= at any time up to the present) </li></ul><ul><li>He has been here since six o’clock. (= and he is still here) </li></ul>
  12. 12. T alking about the P ast <ul><li>W hen you are looking back from a point in past time, and you are concerned with the effects of something which happened at an earlier time in the past, you use the past perfect. </li></ul><ul><li>I apologized because I had left my wallet at home. </li></ul><ul><li>They would have come earlier if we had invited them. </li></ul>
  13. 13. T alking about the P ast <ul><li>W hen you want to talk about the future from a point of view in past time, you can use ‘would’, ‘was/were going to’, or the past continuous. </li></ul><ul><li>He thought to himself how wonderful it would taste . </li></ul><ul><li>Her daughter was going to do the cooking. </li></ul><ul><li>Mike was taking his test the week after. </li></ul>
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