Result clauses

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Result clauses

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Result clauses

  1. 1. Result Clauses
  2. 2. Result ClausesYou use ‘so’ or ‘so that’ to say what the resultof an action or situation is.He speaks very little English, so I talked tohim through an interpreter.My suitcase had become damaged on thejourney home, so that the lid would not stayclosed.
  3. 3. Result ClausesYou can also use ‘so … that’ or ‘such … that’to talk about the result of an action orsituation.He dressed so quickly that he put his bootson the wrong feet.She got such a shock that she dropped thebag.
  4. 4. Result Clauses‘That’ is often omitted.They were so surprised they didn’t try to stophim.They got such a fright they ran away again.
  5. 5. Result ClausesYou only use ‘such’ before a noun, with orwithout an adjective.They obeyed him with such willingness thatthe strike went on for over a year.Sometimes they say such stupid things that Idon’t even bother to listen.
  6. 6. Result ClausesIf the noun is a singular count noun, you put‘a’ or ‘an’ in front of it.I was in such a panic that I didn’t know it washim
  7. 7. Result ClausesNote: You only use ‘so’ before an adjective oran adverb.It all sounded so crazy that I laughed outloud.They worked so quickly that there was notime for talking.
  8. 8. Result ClausesWhen you want to say that something doesnot happen because something or someonehas an excessive amount of a quality, you use‘too’ with an adjective and a ‘to’-infinitive. Forexample, if you say ‘They were too tired towalk’, you mean that they did not walkbecause they were too tired.
  9. 9. Result ClausesHe was too proud to apologize.She was too weak to lift me.
  10. 10. Result ClausesYou also use ‘too’ with an adverb and a ‘to’-infinitive.They had been walking too silently to beheard.She spoke too quickly for me to understand.
  11. 11. Result ClausesWhen you want to say that a situationhappens or is possible because someone orsomething has a sufficient amount of quality,you use ‘enough’ after adjectives andadverbs, followed by a ‘to’-infinitive.He was old enough to understand.I could see well enough to know we werelosing.
  12. 12. Result ClausesYou normally put ‘enough’ in front of a noun,not after it.I don’t think I have got enough information tospeak confidently.
  13. 13. Result ClausesYou also use ‘and as a result’, ‘and so’, or‘and so’, and ‘therefore’ to talk about theresult of an action or situation.He had been ill for six months, and as a resulthad lost his job.She was having great difficulty getting her carout, and so I had to move my car to let herout.
  14. 14. Result ClausesWe have a growing population and thereforewe need more and more food.
  15. 15. Result ClausesYou can also put ‘therefore’ after the subjectof the clause. For example, you can say ‘Wehave a growing population and we thereforeneed more food’.‘As a result’ and ‘therefore’ can also be usedat the beginning of a separate sentence.
  16. 16. Result ClausesIn a group, they are not so frightened. As aresult, patients reveal their problems moreeasily.He lacks money to invest in improving histools. Therefore he is poor.
  17. 17. Result ClausesYou can also put ‘therefore’ after the subjectof the separate sentence. For example, youcan say ‘He left us. He therefore loses hisshare’.
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