Relative Clauses

4,094 views

Published on

Relative Clauses

Published in: Education
0 Comments
6 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,094
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1,086
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
246
Comments
0
Likes
6
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Relative Clauses

  1. 1. R elative C lauses
  2. 2. E xamples <ul><li>Jeff is a good friend of mine. He collects stamps. </li></ul><ul><li>Jeff is a good friend of mine, who collects stamps . </li></ul><ul><li>This book by Nick Hornby is wonderful. It was published last year. </li></ul><ul><li>This book by Nick Hornby, which was published last year , is wonderful. </li></ul>
  3. 3. W hy relative clauses? <ul><li>By combining sentences with a relative clause, your text becomes more fluent and you can avoid repeating certain words. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two types. </li></ul>
  4. 4. T ype 1: essential information <ul><li>Used to identify which person or thing you are talking about. </li></ul><ul><li>The information can’t be left out without changing the meaning (or making it meaningless). </li></ul><ul><li>People who drink and drive are a danger to everyone. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the song which won the contest . </li></ul>
  5. 5. T ype 2: extra information <ul><li>Used to give extra information about the person or thing you are talking about. </li></ul><ul><li>The information can be left out. </li></ul><ul><li>My neighbour is a friendly guy, who owns a lot of dogs . </li></ul><ul><li>The council, which met last week , did not take any action. </li></ul>
  6. 6. R ules <ul><li>3 questions that need to be answered to make a correct relative clause. </li></ul><ul><li>Which pronoun do you need? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who, which, whose, that </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can the pronoun be left out? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you need to use commas or not? </li></ul>
  7. 7. W hich pronoun? - Do you see the tile which has fallen from the roof? - He couldn’t do it, which surprised me. -animals, things -whole sentence Which This is the man who found your money. People Who Example Use Pronoun
  8. 8. W hich pronoun? - Jan is the girl whose mother is a nurse. - This is the table whose legs are wobbly. Posession for people, animals, things Whose I don’t like the table that stands in the hall. People, animals, things (only for type 1!) That Example Use Pronoun
  9. 9. C an the pronoun be left out? <ul><li>Only for type 1. </li></ul><ul><li>Only when it is not the subject (not followed by a verb). </li></ul><ul><li>The actor (who /that) she fell in love with is quite famous. </li></ul><ul><li>But not: *I bought a book is about mythology. </li></ul><ul><li>Whose can never be left out. </li></ul>
  10. 10. C ommas or not? <ul><li>Commas are only used for type 2, to seperate the extra information from the rest of the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Peter , who speaks excellent French , offered to interpret. </li></ul><ul><li>I lost my new sweater , which I bought only last week. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Q uestions?

×