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  1. 1. E xpressing Q uantity
  2. 2. N ouns <ul><li>To express quantity you first need to know about two types of nouns: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Countable nouns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uncountable nouns </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. C ountable N ouns <ul><li>You can count these, they have a plural form. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One bottle, two bottles, three bottles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One chair, two chairs, three chairs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One dollar, two dollars, three dollars </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. U ncountable N ouns <ul><li>You can’t count these, they have no plural form, you can’t use a/an. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water, furniture, money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is not possible to say *two waters or *two furnitures. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instead you could say: two bottles/glasses of water, two pieces of furniture. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. N ote <ul><li>You can count money, but you can’t count the word: *two moneys </li></ul><ul><li>Instead use: two dollars, two euros </li></ul>
  6. 6. C ountable or U ncountable? <ul><li>COUNTABLE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biscuit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apple </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vitamine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>UNCOUNTABLE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spaghetti </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>News </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. W hich E xpression of Q uantity? <ul><li>COUNTABLE </li></ul><ul><li>Many (bottles) </li></ul><ul><li>More (bottles) </li></ul><ul><li>Most (bottles) </li></ul><ul><li>Few (bottles) </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer (bottles) </li></ul><ul><li>(the) fewest (bottles) </li></ul><ul><li>UNCOUNTABLE </li></ul><ul><li>Much (water) </li></ul><ul><li>More (water) </li></ul><ul><li>Most (water) </li></ul><ul><li>Little (water) </li></ul><ul><li>Less (water) </li></ul><ul><li>(the) least (water) </li></ul>
  8. 8. C ompare <ul><li>Much water, but many bottles of water </li></ul><ul><li>Little coffee, but few cups of coffee </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer chairs, but less furniture </li></ul><ul><li>Note that little can be used for countable nouns when it means ‘small’: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a little bottle, two little bottles </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. E xpressions that can be used for both <ul><li>A lot of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A lot of dollars, a lot of money </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not enough </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not enough bottles, not enough water </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plenty of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plenty of cups, Plenty of coffee </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hardly any </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardly any chairs, hardly any furniture </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Q uestions?