Order of Adjectives


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Order of Aj

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  • Another outstanding PPT from 'thelecturette' for ESL students, Intermediate and above.
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Order of Adjectives

  1. 1. O rder of A djectives
  2. 2. O rder of A djectives <ul><li>Y ou can use adjectives in any order, depending on the quality you want to emphasize. In practice, however, there is a normal order. </li></ul><ul><li>W hen you use two or more adjectives in front of a noun, you usually put an adjective that expresses you opinion in front of an adjective that just describes something. </li></ul>
  3. 3. O rder of A djectives <ul><li>You live in a nice big house. </li></ul><ul><li>He is a naughty little boy. </li></ul><ul><li>She was wearing a beautiful pink suit. </li></ul>
  4. 4. O rder of A djectives <ul><li>W hen you use more than one adjective to express your opinion, an adjective with a more general meaning such as ‘good’, ‘bad’, ‘nice’, or ‘lovely’ usually comes before an adjective with a more specific meaning such as ‘comfortable’, ‘clean’, or ‘dirty’. </li></ul><ul><li>He put on a nice clean shirt. </li></ul><ul><li>It was a horrible dirty room. </li></ul>
  5. 5. O rder of A djectives <ul><li>D escriptive adjectives belong to six main types, but you are unlikely ever to use all six types in the same noun group. If you did, you would put them in the following order: </li></ul><ul><li>size - shape - age - color - nationality - material </li></ul>
  6. 6. O rder of A djectives <ul><li>I f you want to use an ‘age’ adjective and a ‘nationality’ adjective, you put the ‘age’ adjective first. </li></ul><ul><li>We met some young Chinese girls. </li></ul>
  7. 7. O rder of A djectives <ul><li>S imilarly, a ‘shape’ adjective normallly comes before a ‘color’ adjective. </li></ul><ul><li>He had round black eyes. </li></ul>
  8. 8. O rder of A djectives <ul><li>O ther combinations of adjectives follow the same order. Note that ‘material’ means any substance, not only cloth. </li></ul><ul><li>There was a large round wooden table in the room. </li></ul><ul><li>The man was carrying a small black plastic bag. </li></ul>
  9. 9. O rder of A djectives <ul><li>Y ou usually put comparative and superlative adjectives in front of the other adjectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the better English actors have gone to live in Hollywood. </li></ul><ul><li>These are the highest monthly figures on record. </li></ul>
  10. 10. O rder of A djectives <ul><li>W hen you use a noun in front of another noun, you never put adjectives between them. You put any adjectives in front of the first noun. </li></ul><ul><li>He works in the French film industry. </li></ul><ul><li>He receives a large weekly cash payment. </li></ul>
  11. 11. O rder of A djectives <ul><li>W hen you use two adjectives as the complement of a link verb, you use a conjunction such as ‘and’ to link them. With three or more adjectives, you link the last two with a conjunction, and put commas after the others. </li></ul><ul><li>The day was hot and dusty . </li></ul><ul><li>We felt hot, tired and thirsty . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Q uestions?