Essay styles

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Essay Writing (Style)

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Essay styles

  1. 1. E ssay S tyles by Piet van der Laan
  2. 2. C ommon E ssay S tyles <ul><li>L ogical division of ideas essays </li></ul><ul><li>P rocess essays </li></ul><ul><li>C ause/effect essays </li></ul><ul><li>C omparison/contrast essays </li></ul>
  3. 3. P rocess E ssays <ul><li>C hronological Order is: </li></ul><ul><li>A way of organizing ideas in the order of </li></ul><ul><li>their occurrence in time. </li></ul>
  4. 4. P rocess E ssays <ul><li>T his type of essay is used to: </li></ul><ul><li>E xplain processes </li></ul><ul><li>E xplain procedures </li></ul>
  5. 5. P rocess E ssays <ul><li>H ow to organize this essay </li></ul><ul><li>D iscuss the steps in your process in the order in </li></ul><ul><li>which they occur. Divide the steps into separate </li></ul><ul><li>paragraphs where natural breaks or groups of </li></ul><ul><li>steps occur. </li></ul>
  6. 6. P rocess E ssays <ul><li>H ow to organize this essay </li></ul><ul><li>E xample: Making a ceramic vase. </li></ul><ul><li>I Introductory paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>II Body </li></ul><ul><li>A. Shaping the vase </li></ul><ul><li>B. First firing </li></ul><ul><li>C. Glazing </li></ul><ul><li>D. Second firing </li></ul><ul><li>III Concluding paragraph </li></ul>
  7. 7. P rocess E ssays <ul><li>T he T hesis S tatement: </li></ul><ul><li>N eeds to indicate the time order </li></ul><ul><li>the process of …, the procedure for …, etc </li></ul><ul><li>S ometimes tells the number of steps in the process </li></ul><ul><li>Follow these steps to…., …. involves three steps. </li></ul><ul><li>M ay name the steps </li></ul><ul><li>The main steps in the process of heating water by solar radiation are (1) trapping the sun’s energy, (2) heating and storing the hot water and (3) distributing the water. </li></ul>
  8. 8. C ause/ E ffect E ssays <ul><li>T his type of essay is used to: </li></ul><ul><li>D iscuss the causes (reasons) for something. </li></ul><ul><li>D iscuss the effects (results) of something. </li></ul><ul><li>D iscuss both causes and effects. </li></ul><ul><li>Note: This type of essay is often used for answering test questions. For example: Discuss the effects of global warming on the environment. </li></ul>
  9. 9. C ause/ E ffect E ssays <ul><li>H ow to organize this essay: </li></ul><ul><li>B lock organization </li></ul><ul><li>C hain organization </li></ul>
  10. 10. C ause/ E ffect E ssays <ul><li>B lock O rganization </li></ul><ul><li>D iscuss all the causes as a block. (one </li></ul><ul><li>paragraph for each cause) </li></ul><ul><li>D iscuss all the effects as a block. </li></ul><ul><li>Y ou can also discuss only effects or only </li></ul><ul><li>causes. </li></ul><ul><li>S ometimes you need a transition paragraph to </li></ul><ul><li>conclude a section and introduce another </li></ul><ul><li>section. </li></ul>
  11. 11. C ause/ E ffect E ssays <ul><li>B lock O rganization E xample </li></ul>Note: There are many different patterns and this is just one of the possibilities. For instance, it’s also possible to start with the effects instead of the causes.
  12. 12. C ause/ E ffect E ssays <ul><li>C hain O rganization </li></ul><ul><li>T he causes and effects are linked to each other </li></ul><ul><li>in a chain. </li></ul><ul><li>O ne event causes a second event, which leads </li></ul><ul><li>to a third event, and so on. </li></ul><ul><li>E ach cause and its effect are links in the chain </li></ul><ul><li>Y ou can devote either one or more links to one </li></ul><ul><li>paragraph. </li></ul>
  13. 13. C ause/ E ffect E ssays <ul><li>C hain O rganization E xample </li></ul>
  14. 14. C omparison/ C ontrast E ssays <ul><li>T his type of essay is used to: </li></ul><ul><li>E xplain the similarities and differences between </li></ul><ul><li>two items. </li></ul><ul><li>Note: This type of essay is often used for answering test questions. For example: Compare the forms of government of Great Britain and the United States. </li></ul>
  15. 15. C omparison/ C ontrast E ssays <ul><li>H ow to organize this essay: </li></ul><ul><li>P oint-by-Point organization </li></ul><ul><li>B lock organization </li></ul>
  16. 16. C omparison/ C ontrast E ssays <ul><li>P oint-by- P oint O rganization </li></ul><ul><li>M ake a list of what is important to you </li></ul><ul><li>E ach point on your list will be a point of </li></ul><ul><li>comparison. </li></ul><ul><li>E ach point of comparison becomes a topic of a </li></ul><ul><li>paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>Y ou can put the paragraphs in any order you </li></ul><ul><li>wish. </li></ul>
  17. 17. C omparison/ C ontrast E ssays <ul><li>H ow to organize this essay </li></ul><ul><li>E xample: Deciding between two jobs </li></ul><ul><li>I Introductory paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis Statement: One way to decide between job offers is to compare them on important points . </li></ul><ul><li>II Body </li></ul><ul><li>A. Salary </li></ul><ul><li>B. Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>C. Opportunities for advancement </li></ul><ul><li>III Concluding paragraph </li></ul>
  18. 18. C omparison/ C ontrast E ssays <ul><li>B lock O rganization </li></ul><ul><li>A rrange all the similarities together in a block. </li></ul><ul><li>A rrange all the differences together in a block. </li></ul><ul><li>Y ou could discuss either the differences or the </li></ul><ul><li>similarities first </li></ul><ul><li>Y ou often insert a transition paragraph or a </li></ul><ul><li>transition sentence between two blocks. </li></ul>
  19. 19. C omparison/ C ontrast E ssays <ul><li>H ow to organize this essay </li></ul><ul><li>E xample: Deciding between two jobs </li></ul><ul><li>I Introductory paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis Statement: One way to decide between job offers is to compare them on important points. </li></ul><ul><li>II Body </li></ul><ul><li>A. Similarities </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>B. Differences </li></ul><ul><li>Salary </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity for advancement </li></ul><ul><li>III Concluding paragraph </li></ul>
  20. 20. Q uestions?
  21. 21. This presentation was largely based on information taken from “Writing Academic English” by Alice Oshima and Ann Hogue

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