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Determiners

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Determiners

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Determiners

  1. 1. D eterminers
  2. 2. D eterminers <ul><li>D eterminers are placed at the beginning of a noun group. </li></ul><ul><li>D eterminers are placed in front numbers and adjectives. </li></ul><ul><li>He met the three French girls in Dallas. </li></ul><ul><li>My new garage is being painted. </li></ul><ul><li>Can you give me another example ? </li></ul><ul><li>Several new gadgets were presented at the show. </li></ul>
  3. 3. D eterminers <ul><li>S pecific determiners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The definite article: the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstratives: this, that, these, those </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possessives: my, your, his, her, its, our, their </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note: ‘your’ is used both for the singular and plural possessive. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. D eterminers <ul><li>S pecific determiners are used when </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the people or things you are talking about have already been mentioned. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>it’s clear which ones you mean. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The teacher began to walk towards the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>student. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Old people don’t like those movies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His leg was very sore. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. D eterminers <ul><li>T he specific determiners are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The definite article: the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstratives: this, that, these, those </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possessives: my, your, his, her, its, our, their </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note: Your is used both for singular and plural possessive. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. D eterminers <ul><li>W hen you are mentioning people or things for the first time, or talking about them generally without saying exactly which ones you mean, you use a general determiner. </li></ul><ul><li>There was a man in the lift. </li></ul><ul><li>We went to an art exhibition. </li></ul><ul><li>You can stop at any time you like. </li></ul>
  7. 7. D eterminers <ul><li>T he general determiners are: </li></ul><ul><li>a both few more other all each fewer most several an either less much some another little enough neither any every many no </li></ul>
  8. 8. D eterminers <ul><li>E ach general determiner is used with particular types of noun. You use some general determiners with: </li></ul><ul><li>S ingular count nouns </li></ul><ul><li>a another each every no neither any either an </li></ul>
  9. 9. D eterminers <ul><li>E xamples: </li></ul><ul><li>I got a postcard from Susan. </li></ul><ul><li>Any big tin container will do. </li></ul><ul><li>He opened another shop last month. </li></ul>
  10. 10. D eterminers <ul><li>P lural count nouns </li></ul><ul><li>all enough many no some any few more other both fewer most several </li></ul><ul><li>There were few doctors available. </li></ul><ul><li>He spoke many different languages . </li></ul>
  11. 11. D eterminers <ul><li>U ncount nouns </li></ul><ul><li>all enough little most no any less more much some </li></ul><ul><li>There was little applause . </li></ul><ul><li>We need more information . </li></ul>
  12. 12. D eterminers <ul><li>Warning </li></ul><ul><li>The following general determiners can never be used with uncount nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>a both every neither an each few several either another many </li></ul>
  13. 13. D eterminers <ul><li>M ost determiners are also pronouns, except the , a , an , every , no and the possessives. </li></ul><ul><li>I saw several in the woods last night. </li></ul><ul><li>Have you got any that I could borrow? </li></ul><ul><li>There is enough for all of us. </li></ul>
  14. 14. D eterminers <ul><li>You use one as a pronoun instead of a or an , none instead of no and each instead of every . </li></ul><ul><li>Have you got one ? </li></ul><ul><li>There are none left. </li></ul><ul><li>Each has a separate box and number. </li></ul>
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