What is an Argumentative Essay?An argumentative essay is an essay in whichyou agree or disagree with a certain issue, usingreasons to support your opinion.
What is an Argumentative Essay?You may be asked a question like this:Stem cell research offers a potential cure formany fatal diseases. Many people oppose stemcell research because it involves using cells fromhuman embryos. Do you agree or disagree thatstem cell research should be prohibited?
What is an Argumentative Essay?Note: What is unique about an argumentativeessay is that you do not just give reasons tosupport your point of view. You must alsodiscuss the other side’s reasons and rebut them.(Rebut means to point out problems with the other side’s reasons to prove they arenot good reasons.)
Organization of an Argumentative Essay? There are two common ways to organize an argumentative essay.• the block pattern• the point-by-point pattern
Block PatternI. Introduction Explanation of the issue Thesis statementII. Body Block 1 A. Summary of the other side’s arguments B. Rebuttal to the first argument C. Rebuttal to the second argument D. Rebuttal to the third argument Block 2 E. Your first argument F. Your second argument G. Your third argumentIII. Conclusion - may include a summary of your own point of view
Point-by-Point PatternI. Introduction Explanation of the issue, including a summary of the other side’s arguments Thesis statementII. Body A. Statement of the other side’s first argument and rebuttal with your own counter argument. B. Statement of the other side’s second argument and rebuttal with your own counter argument. C. Statement of the other side’s third argument and rebuttal with your own counter argument.III. Conclusion - may include a summary of your own point of view
The Introductory ParagraphThe introductory paragraph contains anexplanation of the issue, which is a necessarypart of an argumentative essay.You may also begin your argumentativeessay with a more engaging introduction -with surprising statistics, for example, or adramatic story.
The Introductory ParagraphIf you choose to write an attention-gettingintroduction, you may need to explain theissue in a second introductory paragraph andwrite your thesis statement at the end of this(the second) paragraph.
The Introductory ParagraphThesis StatementThe thesis statement in an argumentativeessay states clearly which side you are for:Stem cell research should receive the fullsupport of our government.
The Introductory ParagraphA thesis statement often mentions theopposing point of view. Notice that thewriter’s opinion is expressed in the main(independent) clause, and the opposing pointof view is normally put in a subordinatestructure.Although there are certainly reasons to becautious with stem cell research or any newtechnology (subordinate clause), its potential benefitsfar outweigh its dangers. (main clause)
The Introductory ParagraphUse expressions like the following tointroduce opposing points of view.Some people feel that the United Statesshould change their healthcare plan.Many think that genetically engineered cropsare a grave danger to the environment.
The Introductory ParagraphSmokers say that they have the right tosmoke.It may be true that the U.S. constitution givescitizens the right to own weapons.
The Introductory ParagraphThen connect the opposing point of view toyour own with transition signals of contrast.Some people feel that the United Statesshould change their healthcare plan;however, others feel that the governmentshould stay out of the health care business.
The Introductory Paragraph Although/Even though many think thatgenetically engineered crops are a gravedanger to the environment, such crops canalleviate world hunger and malnutrition.Smokers say that they have the right tosmoke in spite of the fact that/ despite thefact that smoking will kill them.
The Introductory ParagraphWhile/Whereas it may be true that the U.S.constitution gives citizens the right to ownweapons, the men that wrote the constitutionlived in a different time.