Adjectives with 'to'-infinitive or 'that'-clauses

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Adjectives with 'to'-infinitive or 'that'-clauses

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Adjectives with 'to'-infinitive or 'that'-clauses

  1. 1. A djectives with ‘ t o’-infinitive or ‘ t hat’-clauses
  2. 2. A djectives with ‘ t o’-infinitive or ‘ t hat’-clauses <ul><li>A fter link verbs, you often use adjectives that describe how someone feels about an action or situation. With some adjectives, you can add a ‘to’-infinitive clause or a ‘that’-clause to say what the action or situation is. </li></ul><ul><li>afraid disappointed sad </li></ul><ul><li>happy anxious frightened </li></ul><ul><li>pleased surprised ashamed </li></ul><ul><li>glad proud unhappy </li></ul>
  3. 3. A djectives with ‘ t o’-infinitive or ‘ t hat’-clauses <ul><li>I f the subject is the same in both clauses, you usually use a ‘to’-infinitive clause. If the subject is different, you must use a ‘that’- clause. </li></ul><ul><li>I was happy to see them again. </li></ul><ul><li>He was happy that they were coming to the party. </li></ul>
  4. 4. A djectives with ‘ t o’-infinitive or ‘ t hat’-clauses <ul><li>Y ou often use a ‘to’-infinitive clause when talking about future time in relation to the main clause. </li></ul><ul><li>I’m afraid to go home. </li></ul><ul><li>He was anxious to leave before it got dark. </li></ul>
  5. 5. A djectives with ‘ t o’-infinitive or ‘ t hat’-clauses <ul><li>Y ou often use a ‘that’-clause when talking about present or past time in relation to the main clause . </li></ul><ul><li>He was anxious that the passport was missing. </li></ul><ul><li>The were afraid that they might have talked to the police. </li></ul>
  6. 6. A djectives with ‘ t o’-infinitive or ‘ t hat’-clauses <ul><li>Y ou often use ‘sorry’ with a ‘that’-clause. Note that ‘that’ is often omitted. </li></ul><ul><li>I’m very sorry that I can’t join you. </li></ul><ul><li>I’m sorry I’m so late. </li></ul>
  7. 7. A djectives with ‘ t o’-infinitive or ‘ t hat’-clauses <ul><li>S ome adjectives are not usually used alone, but have a ‘to’-infinitive clause after them to say what action or situation the adjective relates to. </li></ul><ul><li>able due likely </li></ul><ul><li>unlikely apt inclined </li></ul><ul><li>prepared unwilling bound </li></ul><ul><li>liable ready willing </li></ul>
  8. 8. A djectives with ‘ t o’-infinitive or ‘ t hat’-clauses <ul><li>They were unable to help her. </li></ul><ul><li>They were not likely to forget it. </li></ul><ul><li>I am willing to try . </li></ul><ul><li>I’m prepared to say I was wrong. </li></ul>
  9. 9. A djectives with ‘ t o’-infinitive or ‘ t hat’-clauses <ul><li>W hen you want to express an opinion about someone or something, you often use an adjective followed by a ‘to’-infinitive clause. </li></ul><ul><li>difficult easy impossible </li></ul><ul><li>right wrong </li></ul>
  10. 10. A djectives with ‘ t o’-infinitive or ‘ t hat’-clauses <ul><li>She had been easy to deceive . </li></ul><ul><li>The windows will be almost impossible to open . </li></ul><ul><li>Am I wrong to stay here? </li></ul><ul><li>Note: In the first two examples, the subject of the main clause is the object of the ‘to’-infinitive clause. In the third example, the subject is the same in both clauses. </li></ul>
  11. 11. A djectives with ‘ t o’-infinitive or ‘ t hat’-clauses <ul><li>W ith some adjectives, you use a ‘that’-clause to express an opinion about someone or something. </li></ul><ul><li>awful extraordinary important </li></ul><ul><li>sad bad funny </li></ul><ul><li>interesting true essential </li></ul><ul><li>good obvious </li></ul>
  12. 12. A djectives with ‘ t o’-infinitive or ‘ t hat’-clauses <ul><li>I was sad that people had reacted in that way. </li></ul><ul><li>It is extraordinary that we should ever have met! </li></ul>
  13. 13. A djectives with ‘ t o’-infinitive or ‘ t hat’-clauses <ul><li>Y ou can also use adjectives with ‘to’-infinitive clauses after ‘it’ as the impersonal subject. You use the preposition ‘of’ or ‘for’ to indicate the person or thing that the adjective relates to. </li></ul><ul><li>It was easy to find the path. </li></ul><ul><li>It was good of John to help me. </li></ul><ul><li>It was difficult for her to find a job. </li></ul>
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