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Abstract: Using Chemical Organisation Theory  we present here an analysis of two classical models of artificial chemistries: a system equivalent to AlChemy , and the Automata Chemistry . We show that Chemical Organisation Theory is able to explain why AlChemy was un- able to evolve, while the Automata Chemistry would produce a stream of novelty that would on the one side explore the space of the possible molecules (and organisations) and on the other build upon the previous findings of the system. We relate to Suzuki’s et al.  ten necessary conditions for the evolutions of complex forms of life, by adding an 11th one.