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Pierre beland-osm-condatos-natural-disaster-response


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Natural Disaster Response Session, II Conferencia Regional de Datos Abiertos en América Latina y el Caribe (CONDATOS)

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Pierre beland-osm-condatos-natural-disaster-response

  1. 1. s OpenStreetMap Response to Humanitarian Crisis Pierre Béland, Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team Natural Disaster Response, Condatos, México, 2014-10-02 View on
  2. 2. West Africa Ebola outbreak Crowdsource map of Monrovia
  3. 3. OSM Crowdsourcing contribution - Task Manager Jobs Haiyan Typhoon West Africa Ebola, first 6 months 1,600 contributors / 4.5 million objects 1,333 contributors, 7.4 million objects 40,000 square km 200 km x 200 km uMap Data : OpenStreetMap Contributors Nov-Dec 2013 March – Sept 2014
  4. 4. The OpenStreetMap response to Disasters Organization The Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team acts as a bridge between the OpenStreetMap community and the humanitarian actors ● Assures a quick response, interacting and establishing the priorities with the humanitarian actors : UN agencies, International organizations, national governments, Imagery providers ● Imagery acquisition and processing ● Crowdsource Remote mapping ● Opensource Tools development ● Assure Data Exports in various formats ● Respond to humanitarians specific needs
  5. 5. The OpenStreetMap response to Disasters The OpenData , Various Data inputs into OpenStreetMap ● Aerial imagery provided free by various Imagery providers (pre and post-event) ● OpenData Data Imports compatible with OSM OdbL License – Administrative limits, Locality names, Infrastructures ● Contributors inputs – Locality / Street names, infrastructures Map services and Data Exports ● Various Map Services and Data Exports free and OpenData – Daily updates for GIS analysis, Mobile devices maps and road navigation (Android, IOS, GPS) – Online Maps & Road navigation, – Paper Maps with street index – FieldPapers for field team data collection
  6. 6. Data Imports ● For each new crisis, the problem of importing Settlement place names, administrative boundaries and vital infrastructures emerge ● Given the limited technical capacities of the administration of many Development countries, there is often no georeferenced data readily available about important infrastructures such as hospitals, schools, features that can be used as shelters. ● When the data is available, there are often Data access limitations or Licensing problems to use rapidly such data in context of rapid response to humanitarian needs ● A plan should be developped to support governments in the development of OpenData that can be shared with humanitarian organizations in the context of humanitarian crisis ● To assure that such data be imported in OpenStreetMap, the data should be accessible with standard formats of exchange and there should be no license restriction for commercial use
  7. 7. Infrastructures data collection ● A lot of efforts are made by various organizations, coordinating with OCHA and other actors to provide geolocated data. The process is complex and there are licensing issues ● Collecting the data in emergency context, licenses issues are not considered. ODK Data collection Forms could be used to feed OSM ● OSM offers the possibility to develop an ecosystem very flexible where various organizations can collaborate, add edit sharable data Plan for other activations ● We should look for long term solutions, assure that the Data collection is better systematized and sharable – Data collection methods should assure to license as OpenData (avoid using commercial geolocation tools) – New mobile devices offer new possibilities. The humanitarian organizations should plan to collect and share as OpenData – The possibility to share data stored on OpenStreetMap should be examined – OSM edit tools and Data Collection Forms for Mobile devices should be adapted to facilitate collection of humanitarian sharable data
  8. 8. OpenData as a Common Asset We need to share Data ● OpenData licences restriction often do not let bring vital informations into OSM ● Humanitarians organizations and national governments have valuable data in various forms ● We need to think of a way for the various organizations to share data more effectively – Let's take the Mobile device revolution, use it to share data – Let's react more rapidly to disasters ● It is important that Civil Society organizations like OpenStreetMap have a voice in International events to progress with such challenges
  9. 9. OpenStreetMap : An ecosystem for rapid and efficient intervention With the OpenStreetMap rapid intervention for Haiyan, Philippines and West Africa Ebola, this was the defacto Reference map for these international interventions. The capacity to mobilize international volunteers through Internet assures access to essential products and services The Black and white map - OSM database and Maps updated to the minute - Humanitarian style - Paper Maps + FieldPapers Maps for field survey - Offline Android / IOS - GIS Download Let's color the map with thematics We need a change of culture and adapt to small mobile technology. What data and how the government and humanitarians could share with other organizations ? Government OpenData to share administrative limits and other public data Humanitarian Organizations Field Teams Collecting - infrastructure data - Locality names - etc Coordination with UN and humanitarians Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team makes the bridge with the humanitarians
  10. 10. Layers that do not talk one to the other Let's develop ways to communicate and share data
  11. 11. The grants from Hewlett will support organizations working on a variety of high-priority public health initiatives for Ebola Response, including the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap
  12. 12. A detailed presentation of the Ebola Response is availabe from OpenStreetMap Response to Humanitarian Crisis West Africa Ebola Outbreak, 2014 Case Pierre Béland, Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team GeOnG, Chambéry, 2014-09-23