Past participle
active & passive voice
What is it?
A past participle indicates past or completed action or
time. It is often called the 'ed' form as it is formed...
How is it used?
It can be used to form a verb phrase as part of the present perfect tense. For
example:- I have learnt Eng...
Active & Passive voice?
‘VOICE’ shows whether the subject of
a sentence is doing the action, or
having the action done to ...
Active Voice


I cleaned the office while you were out.



Piers switched on the Christmas lights.

If the subject is th...
Passive Voice

he office was cleaned while you were out.

he lights were switched on.

hen we are NOT bothered about who o...
Passive Voice

he office was cleaned while you were out.

he lights were switched on.

hen we are NOT bothered about who o...
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Past Participle, Active and Passive Voice

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Past Participle, Active and Passive Voice

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Past Participle, Active and Passive Voice

  1. 1. Past participle active & passive voice
  2. 2. What is it? A past participle indicates past or completed action or time. It is often called the 'ed' form as it is formed by adding d or ed, to the base form of regular verbs, however it is also formed in various other ways for irregular verbs.
  3. 3. How is it used? It can be used to form a verb phrase as part of the present perfect tense. For example:- I have learnt English. It can be used to form the passive voice. For example:- Her hair was well brushed. It can also be used as an adjective. For example:- He had a broken arm.
  4. 4. Active & Passive voice? ‘VOICE’ shows whether the subject of a sentence is doing the action, or having the action done to it.
  5. 5. Active Voice  I cleaned the office while you were out.  Piers switched on the Christmas lights. If the subject is the person performing the action, we use the active voice.
  6. 6. Passive Voice he office was cleaned while you were out. he lights were switched on. hen we are NOT bothered about who or what carried out the action of the verb, we use the passive voice.
  7. 7. Passive Voice he office was cleaned while you were out. he lights were switched on. hen we are NOT bothered about who or what carried out the action of the verb, we use the passive voice.

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