Computer Story  PROJECT WORK
Escola Básica e Secundária de Fajões             2011/2012       Former: Lúcia Santos     Forming: Ricardo Oliveira
Introduction In this project work will tell you the evolution of Computer,. The computer  today for young people is a com...
First Generation
ENIAC - 1947 65 years ago, it was announced the first electronic digital computer for large  scale: the ENIAC (Electrical...
ENIAC - 1947 The computer began to be made in 1943 during the Second World War to  assist the U.S. military to do ballist...
EDVAC - 1949 EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Computer) created by Mauchly and  Eckert, despite being more modern, but...
EDVAC - 1949 EDVAC was intended to accelerate the construction work programs as well  as storing data in its internal mem...
EDSAC - 1949 In 1949, there is the EDSAC - Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator,  which marked the last big step...
LEO - 1954 The trade in computers began in England in an unusual place. In 1947 he was  made ​a pioneering decision: try ...
LEO - 1954 LEO (Lyons Electronic Office), which was the result of a partnership between  J. Lyons and the University of C...
UNIVAC - 1952 John Mauchly and Presper Eckert opened a firm in Philadelphia and created  UNIVAC - Universal Automatic Com...
IBM 701 - 1953 IBM starts to dominate the computer market to build their commercial-scale  scientific computers with the ...
IBM 701 - 1953 Before, these connections were made ​through wires and brackets, which  caused instability and poor contact.
IBM 650 - 1954 The IBM 650 computer was made publicly available by IBM in the USA in  December 1954. Media 1.5 m X 0.9 m ...
IBM 650 - 1954 Despite the pessimism, in 1958, two IBM 650 thousand units were scattered  throughout the world. The IBM 6...
Second Generation
ATLAS, IBM 1401 e IBM 7094 - 1962 In 1962 was first used magnetic disks to store information in the Atlas  computer. The...
ATLAS, IBM 1401 e IBM 7094 - 1962 At the time, besides being huge, huge computers used magnetic tape drives for  storing ...
Third Generation
IBM 360 - 1964 One of the first computers to use integrated circuits was the IBM 360,  released in 1964. Very advanced f...
Mouse - 1968 Today it seems impossible to tamper with the computer without the help of a  mouse, right? Thanks to Douglas...
Mouse - 1968 But common people only had access to a mouse long after, in 1982, when  Apple launched the companys famous s...
Apple II - 1977 The first computer more like the ones we have at home or in school appeared  in 1977. It was the Apple II...
Fourth Generation
IBM-PC - 1981 In 1981, IBM launched the PC-5150, the predecessor of all todays computers. He was 64 Kbytes of memory and...
Osborne I - 1982 In 1982, journalist specializing in microcomputers Adam Osborne founded his  company and launched the Os...
Gavilan – 1981/1984 Between 1981 and 1984 came the Gavilan, which introduced concepts more  similar to todays portable. I...
 Since then many other models have emerged but the concept was  launched, and there only. Until a very few years, the gia...
Computer story
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Computer story

  1. 1. Computer Story PROJECT WORK
  2. 2. Escola Básica e Secundária de Fajões 2011/2012 Former: Lúcia Santos Forming: Ricardo Oliveira
  3. 3. Introduction In this project work will tell you the evolution of Computer,. The computer today for young people is a common tool practically indispensable, because of games, social networks, etc. but was not always so, quite the contrary. lets see how it all began.
  4. 4. First Generation
  5. 5. ENIAC - 1947 65 years ago, it was announced the first electronic digital computer for large scale: the ENIAC (Electrical Numerical Integrator and Calculator). The computer was created in February 1946 by the American scientists John Presper Eckert and John W. Mauchly, the Electronic Control Company. At the time, ENIAC stood out to perform 5000 operations per second. Today, compared to todays computers, the ENIACs processing power would be lower than that of a simple pocket calculator.
  6. 6. ENIAC - 1947 The computer began to be made in 1943 during the Second World War to assist the U.S. military to do ballistic calculations.
  7. 7. EDVAC - 1949 EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Computer) created by Mauchly and Eckert, despite being more modern, but occupied the same space as the ENIAC, however, he was a hundred times more internal memory. The instructions were no longer passed to the computer by wire or valves, they were on an electronic device called delay line. This device was a tube with several crystals to electronic pulses that reflect back and forth very slowly.
  8. 8. EDVAC - 1949 EDVAC was intended to accelerate the construction work programs as well as storing data in its internal memory expansion.
  9. 9. EDSAC - 1949 In 1949, there is the EDSAC - Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator, which marked the last big step in a series of breakthroughs inspired by the war. Its inventor was the English scientist - Maurice Wilkes, the EDSAC was the first computer operating on a large scale that can store your own programs.
  10. 10. LEO - 1954 The trade in computers began in England in an unusual place. In 1947 he was made ​a pioneering decision: try to build a computer that could use the office work. It would be the first computer to be marketed in the world. This creative decision came from J. Lyons, the company that owns a network of tea shops, in fact, J. Lyons had a tradition of innovation in administrative methods, introduced calculating machines in its stores in 1896, around 1930, he experimented transactions recorded on microfilm.
  11. 11. LEO - 1954 LEO (Lyons Electronic Office), which was the result of a partnership between J. Lyons and the University of Cambridge, was therefore designed to meet these needs, but only became operational on February 9, 1954, when calculating the payroll of 1700 staff members.
  12. 12. UNIVAC - 1952 John Mauchly and Presper Eckert opened a firm in Philadelphia and created UNIVAC - Universal Automatic Computer, which was intended for commercial use. It was an electronic stored-program machine he received instructions from a high-speed magnetic tape instead of punched cards. The UNIVAC was used to predict the outcome of a presidential election.
  13. 13. IBM 701 - 1953 IBM starts to dominate the computer market to build their commercial-scale scientific computers with the launch of the IBM 701 in 1953. From the creation of technical printed circuit computers might decrease a little more size. The printed circuit boards are used in electrical connection between the various existing components in an electronic circuit. The printed circuit board connections were made on a rigid board, very stable.
  14. 14. IBM 701 - 1953 Before, these connections were made ​through wires and brackets, which caused instability and poor contact.
  15. 15. IBM 650 - 1954 The IBM 650 computer was made publicly available by IBM in the USA in December 1954. Media 1.5 m X 0.9 m X 1.8 m with a weight of 892 kg The IBM 650 was designed for commercial and scientific problem solving. The company projected sales of 50 copies (more than all the worlds computers together) - which was considered an exaggeration.
  16. 16. IBM 650 - 1954 Despite the pessimism, in 1958, two IBM 650 thousand units were scattered throughout the world. The IBM 650 was able to do in a second 1300 addition and multiplication of 100 ten-digit numbers.
  17. 17. Second Generation
  18. 18. ATLAS, IBM 1401 e IBM 7094 - 1962 In 1962 was first used magnetic disks to store information in the Atlas computer. The first computers to use transistors were fully IBM 1401 and IBM 7094, which together have sold over 10,000 units. ATLAS IBM 1401
  19. 19. ATLAS, IBM 1401 e IBM 7094 - 1962 At the time, besides being huge, huge computers used magnetic tape drives for storing information, and punch card systems, where the information that they wanted to go to the computer were marked by holes made ​in card - the extremely time consuming. Obviously such magnetic disks were still far from being like magnetic disks as we know it today. IBM 7094
  20. 20. Third Generation
  21. 21. IBM 360 - 1964 One of the first computers to use integrated circuits was the IBM 360, released in 1964. Very advanced for its time, made ​all the other computers were considered completely useless, so that IBM sold more than 30,000 computers.
  22. 22. Mouse - 1968 Today it seems impossible to tamper with the computer without the help of a mouse, right? Thanks to Douglas Engelbart created by him, after having spent five years developing this essential computer equipment. The funny thing is that the first mouse was made of wood. Moreover, this was only a first mouse button and moved on small wheels.
  23. 23. Mouse - 1968 But common people only had access to a mouse long after, in 1982, when Apple launched the companys famous system of "point and click." That same year they created two mouse buttons.
  24. 24. Apple II - 1977 The first computer more like the ones we have at home or in school appeared in 1977. It was the Apple II, created by an American Steve Jobs, Apple owns the company. The Apple II was similar to todays computers, it was easy to connect, move and carry. These personal computers became known as PC (Personal Computer).
  25. 25. Fourth Generation
  26. 26. IBM-PC - 1981 In 1981, IBM launched the PC-5150, the predecessor of all todays computers. He was 64 Kbytes of memory and speed of 4.77 MHz. The operating system was MS-DOS software was used by the PC- 5150, developed by Microsoft, which led to an alliance between IBM and Microsoft.
  27. 27. Osborne I - 1982 In 1982, journalist specializing in microcomputers Adam Osborne founded his company and launched the Osborne I, and so was created the first notebook in the world.
  28. 28. Gavilan – 1981/1984 Between 1981 and 1984 came the Gavilan, which introduced concepts more similar to todays portable. In terms of design the keyboard and the opening of the screen are almost identical. It was also the first to run with Nickel Cadmium batteries with a battery life of 9 hours and a whopping 4kg weight.
  29. 29.  Since then many other models have emerged but the concept was launched, and there only. Until a very few years, the giant mobile storage unit, batteries and hard drives, limited the size and weight reduction. As the industry was producing practical and economic options, the models have evolved to the level of today.

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