Full disclosure
Science is Open
• Science is about the spread of knowledge
• It is by its nature open
• Restrictions to free flow should on...
Many Flavors of
       Accessibility and Openness
Cost          Free           $, $$, or $$$
Timing of free Immediate     ...
Gold Open Access

Cost                   Free                     $, $$, or $$$
Timing of free Immediate                  ...
Green Open Access

Cost           Free           $, $$, or $$$
Timing of free Immediate      Later
Location       Archives...
Gold Open Access

Cost                   Free                     $, $$, or $$$
Timing of free Immediate                  ...
Three Issues
• Do we want OA and if so what flavor?

• What are the uses for OA?

• What are the challenges with moving mor...
Discussion Topics
•   Free vs. open
•   Funders role in decisions
•   Uses of openness
•   Impediments
•   How to promote/...
You can purchase online access to
this article (and all its versions) for a
24-hour period. Articles are US $ 
29.95, with...
Benefit #1:
New mining
Document
           A network of literature
Document
Database   A network of literature and data
Jensen, Saric and Bork Nature Reviews Genetics
Feb 2006
Text mining and open access
“So far, more that 90% of all biomedical literature mining has
been based on Medline, mainly b...
Benefit #2:
Education
Educational Benefits of OA
• No debate about “fair use”
• No need for password’s or logins for course
  web sites
• No law...
Me and PLoS

• Brother Michael is co-founder of Public Library of
  Science
• Joined the founding Editorial Board of PLoS
...
You can purchase online access to
this article (and all its versions) for a
24-hour period. Articles are US $ 
29.95, with...
You can purchase online access to
this article (and all its versions) for a
24-hour period. Articles are US $ 
29.95, with...
My Conclusion:
         Lack of Access is Bad
• Bad for personal medical involvement
• Bad for science
• Against the ideal...
OA is about Freeing The Literature
OA is about Freeing The Literature
OA is about Freeing The Literature
OA is about Freeing The Literature
Document
           A network of literature
Document
Database   A network of literature and data
Jensen, Saric and Bork Nature Reviews Genetics
Feb 2006
Open Access discussion at Science Online 2010
Open Access discussion at Science Online 2010
Open Access discussion at Science Online 2010
Open Access discussion at Science Online 2010
Open Access discussion at Science Online 2010
Open Access discussion at Science Online 2010
Open Access discussion at Science Online 2010
Open Access discussion at Science Online 2010
Open Access discussion at Science Online 2010
Open Access discussion at Science Online 2010
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Open Access discussion at Science Online 2010

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Slides for talk (well, more of a discussion) given by Jonathan Eisen at Science Online 2010 (#scio10) meeting

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Open Access discussion at Science Online 2010

  1. 1. Full disclosure
  2. 2. Science is Open • Science is about the spread of knowledge • It is by its nature open • Restrictions to free flow should only be in place if absolutely necessary • With the Web and new technologies, such restrictions are mostly not needed
  3. 3. Many Flavors of Accessibility and Openness Cost Free $, $$, or $$$ Timing of free Immediate Later Location Archives Journal site Reuse Unrestricted Restricted Copyright Author Journal Who archives Journal Individual
  4. 4. Gold Open Access Cost Free $, $$, or $$$ Timing of free Immediate Later Location Archives Journal site Reuse Unrestricted Restricted Copyright Author Journal Who archives Journal Individual Based on the Bethesda Principles, April 2003
  5. 5. Green Open Access Cost Free $, $$, or $$$ Timing of free Immediate Later Location Archives Journal site Reuse Unrestricted Restricted Copyright Author Journal Who archives Journal Individual
  6. 6. Gold Open Access Cost Free $, $$, or $$$ Timing of free Immediate Later Location Archives Journal site Reuse Unrestricted Restricted Copyright Author Journal Who archives Journal Individual Based on the Bethesda Principles, April 2003
  7. 7. Three Issues • Do we want OA and if so what flavor? • What are the uses for OA? • What are the challenges with moving more towards full OA?
  8. 8. Discussion Topics • Free vs. open • Funders role in decisions • Uses of openness • Impediments • How to promote/spread OA • Who uses OA? •
  9. 9. You can purchase online access to this article (and all its versions) for a 24-hour period. Articles are US $  29.95, with some exceptions where prices may vary. Click "Buy Now" to display the price
  10. 10. Benefit #1: New mining
  11. 11. Document A network of literature
  12. 12. Document Database A network of literature and data
  13. 13. Jensen, Saric and Bork Nature Reviews Genetics Feb 2006
  14. 14. Text mining and open access “So far, more that 90% of all biomedical literature mining has been based on Medline, mainly because it is freely available in a convenient format.” “…future methods should be able to extract information from the full text of papers…” “However, it is restricted access to the full text of papers…that is currently the greatest limitation…” Jensen, Saric and Bork Nature Reviews Genetics Feb 2006
  15. 15. Benefit #2: Education
  16. 16. Educational Benefits of OA • No debate about “fair use” • No need for password’s or logins for course web sites • No lawyers have to be involved • Material from OA publications can be repackaged for any purpose
  17. 17. Me and PLoS • Brother Michael is co-founder of Public Library of Science • Joined the founding Editorial Board of PLoS Biology • Still not fully convinced about need for OA • So I did some experiments – Open Data experiment with Tetrahymena genome – OA publishing in PLoS Biology with Wolbachia genome – Joined Editorial Board of PLoS Biology • While experiments in progress … real life intervened
  18. 18. You can purchase online access to this article (and all its versions) for a 24-hour period. Articles are US $  29.95, with some exceptions where prices may vary. Click "Buy Now" to display the price
  19. 19. You can purchase online access to this article (and all its versions) for a 24-hour period. Articles are US $  29.95, with some exceptions where prices may vary. Click "Buy Now" to display the price
  20. 20. My Conclusion: Lack of Access is Bad • Bad for personal medical involvement • Bad for science • Against the ideals of the immediate funding sources (e.g., see NIH charter) • Against the wishes of the ultimate funders (taxpayers) • Possibly immoral and unethical
  21. 21. OA is about Freeing The Literature
  22. 22. OA is about Freeing The Literature
  23. 23. OA is about Freeing The Literature
  24. 24. OA is about Freeing The Literature
  25. 25. Document A network of literature
  26. 26. Document Database A network of literature and data
  27. 27. Jensen, Saric and Bork Nature Reviews Genetics Feb 2006

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