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Seminar abstract: I will be talking about two ongoing research projects in my laboratory: (1) evolution of thermal niches in seaweeds, (2) biodiversity of endolithic algae in coral skeletons and its relationship with the environment. Using evolutionary models in an explicit phylogenetic framework, patterns of evolution in environmental traits such as the sea surface temperature (SST) affinities of species can be studied. Based on case studies in the green algae Codium and Halimeda, it is shown that lineages behave differently when it comes to their evolution of SST affinities, and that there is a strong correlation between the evolution of SST affinities and rates of species diversification. For the second part of the talk, I will focus on our recent work on environmental sequencing of coral skeletons. These feature unexpectedly high biodiversity of limestone-boring algae as well as many unknown inhabitants. Our first results indicate that the diversity of algal endoliths may be linked to environmental conditions, but this hypothesis needs further testing.