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  1. 1. Technology to Improve Literacy inMiddle and High School<br />Patricia Hutton<br />LA consultant<br />CMSCE at Rutgers<br /><br />908-757-2751<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Just What is Literacy in the 21st Century?<br />Information Literacy: access and use information, analyze content, work with ideas, synthesize thought, and communicate results.New Literacy: The ability to solve genuine problems and transfer information Computer Literacy: accurately and effectively use word processors, spreadsheets, databases, and presentation and graphic software.Critical Literacy: critical thinking to discern meaning Media Literacy: communicate in print and electronic media -access, understand, analyze and evaluate images, words, and sounds<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Why Use Technology?<br /><ul><li>active learning•problem-based learning, collaborative learning, and/or student-centered learning• access to the "best resources" from anywhere •increased interaction •combination of learning styles•promotes life-long learning•critical, reflective learning•instant feedback •opportunity for participation by shy or quiet students•learning is fun</li></ul>3<br />
  4. 4. Questions to Ask BeforeUsing Technology<br />1. Is the technologybetter than other approaches? What risk is involved? Is it worth the change?<br />2. Can the results be easily observed? <br />3.How consistent is technology with the experiences and needs of the users?<br />4.Is the technology easy to understand, use, and maintain? Can it be explained to others?<br />5. Can the innovation be tried out? If we don't like it can we try something else?<br />Are you using technology just for the sake of using it or does it enhance student learning?<br />4<br />
  5. 5. Technologies to Support Reading<br />Audiobooks- promote interest and improve comprehension<br />Electronic Books and Online Texts-text enhancements (definitions or background information ) -searchable, modifiable and enhanceable<br /> Online texts-free online reading materials<br /> - books, plays, short stories, magazines, and reference materials<br /> -contain hypermedia—links to text, data, graphics, audio, or video , <br />Electronic Talking Books- a digitized reading<br /> -increase motivation <br /> -promote word recognition <br /> -glossary entries, explanatory notes, and simplified rewordings <br />Programmed Reading Instruction-software programs, computer-assisted instruction<br /> -skills-based instruction <br /> - voice-activated reading software<br />Project LISTEN<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Technologies to Support Writing<br />Word Processing-improves the quality of student writing-promotes collaborative writing<br />Desktop Publishing-students format text, plan the layout, insert charts and graphics<br />Multimedia Composing- insert images, sounds, and video<br /> -self-expression <br /> -support for reading and writing skills<br />Online Publishing-motivate student writing<br /> - Class web pages display student work-<br />The Collaboratory Project<br />online magazines and educational organizations - The Young Writers Club, and International Kids' Space. The World of Reading - book reviews from children<br />Internet-Based Communication- e-mail, electronic bulletin boards, with peers, adults, or experts-online pen pals (e-pals or keypals). ePals<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Technologies to Support Research and Collaboration<br />Internet Search Engines-access online journals, magazines, newspapers, encyclopedias, and Web sites<br />Online Tools for Evaluating Web-Based Information-a basic literacy skill.<br />evaluating online information -<br />Web Sites for Collaborative Activities-access and share a global curriculum-development lab -engage class with another in literacy-based projects -powerful motivation Global Schoolhouse<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Podcasts<br />A podcast is a video or audio file that is shared and downloaded over the Internet.<br />Classroom uses:<br />Lessons for students to listen to for knowledge/share information <br />Student created podcasts to demonstrate understanding<br />8<br />
  9. 9. Podcasting<br />Popular educational podcasts:<br /><br /><br />Creative Writing<br />activated stories<br />Shakespodospeare<br />9<br />
  10. 10. 10<br />
  11. 11. Podcasting Resources<br />Apple’s Podcasting in Education - Wonderful resource for learning about podcasting in education. <br />GarageBand tutorial<br />Creating Podcasts<br />Podcast Lesson Plans<br />2006 NECC Podcasting Presentation<br />Podomatic<br />Voki- record voice with an avatar<br />iPadio<br />-record for Internet using the telephone<br />11<br />
  12. 12. Blogs<br />web site maintained by an individual making regular entries that include text, graphics, audio, and video. Readers can leave comments -interactive<br />Writing as a process stops, but blogging continues.<br />Writing is inside; blogging is outside.<br />Writing is monologue; blogging is conversation.<br />Writing is thesis; blogging is synthesis.<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Benefits to Blogging<br />Promote critical and analytical thinking<br />Promote creative thinking<br />Promote analogical thinking<br />Provide access to quality information<br />Combine individual reflection and social interaction<br />13<br />
  14. 14. How Could I Incorporate Blogs?<br />Create a reader’s guide to literature<br />Personal reactions to literature<br />Write reflexively<br />Publish writing<br />Share ideas and opinions on topics explored in class<br />Write about class topics using new vocabulary/create a personal glossary<br />Share a project<br />Complete a webquest<br />14<br />
  15. 15. To blog or not to blog?<br />The following links lead to blogs in use in classrooms:<br /><br />senior English<br />High School Literature<br />as ePortfolios<br />15<br />
  16. 16. Blogging Across the Curriculum<br />The Write Weblog<br />Blogging in Math<br />Social Studies Blog<br />Science Blog<br />Physical Education<br />Math games<br />16<br />
  17. 17. Blog Links<br /><br /> Word Clouds from text<br /> comic strip creator<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />17<br />
  18. 18. The World of Wikis<br />A collaborative web page or series of pages that allow anyone to add/ edit content<br />18<br />
  19. 19. Will wikis work for me?<br />Uses for wikis within the classroom:<br />Group projects: Students research, outline, draft, and edit projects <br />Assignments: Post homework, calendars, study guides<br />Resource Collections: Organize articles, websites, audio/ video resources<br />Peer Review<br />Group FAQ: Students post and respond to questions on a given topic<br />Parent Involvement: Give parents classroom news<br />Online Newspaper<br />chemistry wiki<br /><br />collaborative English project<br />Wikispaces<br />English 1<br />English Department<br />19<br />
  20. 20. Discussion boards---post video, a picture, a question, a reading assignment, a web link, have students discuss<br />Publication opportunities-- create pages and publish work<br />Group collaboration--work on a group document anywhere<br />Online literary circles--facilitate discussion about a novel <br />Peer revision--post drafts of written work, comment, edit, revise and respond <br />Electronic portfolios--Create a class homepage and a page for every student to upload their written assignments<br />Projects-- wiki for a class project -famous author or character in a book <br />Research—Students create website<br />20<br />
  21. 21. Social networking<br />Social networking sites:<br /><ul><li> build online communities
  22. 22. interactive communication tools such as chat and instant messaging
  23. 23. an easy way for people to connect/share information</li></ul>21<br />
  24. 24. Social Networking<br />Social networking sites -online classrooms. Collaboration, research,<br />discussion, and socialization continue beyond the walls of the classroom.<br />Language Arts<br />E-learning journeys<br />social networking wiki<br />social networking<br />22<br /><br />
  25. 25. Social bookmarking<br />Web sites -search, store, organize, and share bookmarks by <br />using tags<br />Benefits:<br /><ul><li>Allow yourself and your students to share bookmarks on research topics
  26. 26. Collaborate on projects with other schools, classes </li></ul>23<br />
  27. 27. Social Bookmarking<br />Examples from real classrooms:<br /><br /><br /><br />Check out these tutorials for additional resources:<br /><br /><br />24<br />
  28. 28. Popular social bookmarking sites:<br /> []Mister Wong []Blogmarks []Diigo []StumbleUpon []<br />Educational benefits / classroom applications:<br /><ul><li>Network with other educators
  29. 29. Academic departments share web resources
  30. 30. Share bookmarks on research topics
  31. 31. Collaborate on projects with other schools, sharing bookmarks </li></ul>25<br />
  32. 32. Concerns and solutions:<br /><ul><li>No standards for tagging- use a class list of standard tags
  33. 33. Some students might wait for others to provide good websites -monitor students
  34. 34. Students add inappropriate websites -discuss school's Acceptable Use Policy, cyberethics and self management.</li></ul>Real-world examples from teachers:<br />Andrew Robitaille (eLearning integration teacher) bookmarks <br />Mollybug (social studies teacher) furl bookmarks<br />Tami Brass (teacher in Minnesota) bookmarks<br />Bill Tozier (educator from Michigan) bookmarks<br />mrichme (educator) bookmarks<br />Bud Hunt (educator from Colorado) bookmarks<br />Darren Kuropatwa (a math teacher from Winnipeg) furl bookmarks<br />Suzanne Tate (educator from Melbourne) bookmarks<br />26<br />
  35. 35. Simulations/games<br />club bing<br />World Without Oil and writing<br /><br /><br />27<br />
  36. 36. SmartBoard Activities<br />scrapbook<br />myths grade 4-9<br />28<br />
  37. 37. Digital storytelling<br />Step by StepStudent pairs orally answer questions from .<br />Students introduce their place by telling where it was, what it looked like, and its importance.<br />The body:<br />What is your earliest memory of your place? <br />What are your feelings when you are there? <br />What difference does your place make in your life? <br />What do you see in your place that no one else sees? <br />Visually representing -drawing, painting, creating a collage, or using KidPix<br />(digital stories -approximately 3 minutes in length)<br /> Include a hook to introductions<br />Peer coaching during production   <br />Teacher shares a place story - discuss the hook, the images ,the tone , and the music -create a model<br />Create a digital story as a class   <br />29<br />
  38. 38. E-portfolios<br />Student benefits:<br />Personal knowledge management<br />History of development and growth<br />Planning/goal setting tool<br />Make connections between learning experiences<br />Metacognitive elements -plan future learning needs based on previous successes and failures.<br />Personal control of learning history<br />Faculty benefits from:<br />Means to share content<br />Authentic assessment<br />Preparing learners for life-long learning<br />Create centralized assessment <br />resources<br />30<br />
  39. 39. PBL<br />Global Schoolhouse<br />31<br />
  40. 40. Webquests<br />cost of college<br />Budgets<br />Perfect Meal<br />Weather<br />witness to the world<br />Night<br />Moving to America- an immigration webquest<br />Lewis and Clark<br />32<br />
  41. 41. Backchanneling-using networked computers for real-time online conversation alongside live spoken remarks<br />Benefits:<br />Engages students during videos/lectures<br />Encourages processing, reflecting, and analyzing<br />Emphasizes higher order thinking<br />All students participate<br />Process:<br />Completed on secure site<br />Use texting abbreviations that are posted in advance<br />Use guiding questions and students respond, reflect, and discuss during presentation<br />33<br />
  42. 42. Ideas for Using Technology<br />34<br />
  43. 43. 35<br />
  44. 44. 36<br />
  45. 45. 37<br />
  46. 46. Resources<br /><ul><li>Richardson, W. (2006). Blogs, wikis, podcasts, and other powerful web tools for classrooms. Thousand Oaks, California: Corwin Press.
  47. 47. Solomon, G. ; Scrum, L. .(2007). Web 2.0 new tools, new schools. International Society for Technology in Education. Washington, DC
  48. 48.</li></ul>resources for digital storytelling<br />38<br />
  49. 49. websites<br />Stemtube<br />-students share their own work through videos<br />Google Lit Trips<br />Animoto<br />- multimedia alternative to book reports<br /><br />39<br />
  50. 50. Websites<br /><ul><li>Online Communication and Adolescent Relationships
  51. 51. Information Literacy 2.0
  52. 52. Welcome to the Blogoshpere
  53. 53. Technologies Such as Wikis in the Classroom
  54. 54.
  55. 55.
  56. 56.
  57. 57. Social Bookmarking
  58. 58. Edublogs</li></ul>40<br />
  59. 59. <ul><li> -easy to use and free, more appropriate for educators than students
  60. 60. be integrated into BlackBoard.
  61. 61.</li></ul>for K-12 learners/educators <br />7 Things You Should Know About Social Bookmarking<br /><ul><li> a closed system
  62. 62. for K-12 classrooms
  63. 63. Podcast Network
  64. 64. Educational Podcasts
  65. 65. Learning Interchange
  66. 66.
  67. 67. SmartBoard activities</li></ul>41<br />
  68. 68. Resources<br />Classroom examples<br />Helpful links<br /><br /> A collection of links to explore.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />Examples<br /><br /><br />42<br />
  69. 69. Images<br />Microsoft Clip Art: all graphics except photos<br />Photos from Print Workshop collections<br />43<br />
  70. 70. Thank You!<br />Patricia Hutton<br />LA consultant<br />CMSCE- Rutgers<br />44<br /><br />908-757-2751<br />