THE FUNCTIONAL ATTRIBUTESAND UTILIZATION OF BORATESIN LUBRICATION TECHNOLOGY
BORON Discovered in 1808 by Sir Humphrey DavyBrittle, black semi metallic substanceTends to form planar compounds
THE USE OF BORON IN LUBRICANTFORMULATIONBORON NITRIDE (BN) Planar hexagonal structure Similar to graphiteWorks well as ...
THE USE OF BORON IN LUBRICANTFORMULATIONSOIL SOLUBLE BORICACID ESTERS Lubrizol Corp. 1986Used as an anti-wear additive i...
THE USE OF BORON IN LUBRICANTFORMULATIONSOIL SOLUABLE BORATEDAMINESWatts et al., Infineum, late 1990’s Friction modifier...
THE USE OF BORON IN LUBRICANTFORMULATIONSBorated amine and borate esterCompared to traditional phosphorus additivesTeste...
THE USE OF BORON IN LUBRICATIONFORMULATIONSBORICACID NANOPARTICLES Used to improve diesel fuel lubricity Problem dispers...
NEW TECHNOLOGYBORATE NANOPARTICLESCOMBINESTHE BEST OF EXISTINGTECHNOLOGY Produced using unique manufacturing processCrea...
NEW TECHNOLOGYBORATE NANOPARTICLES PERFORMANCE ESTABLISHED Difficulties lie in delivering nanoparticles to active site wh...
NEW TECHNOLOGYTHE DELIVERY SYSTEM ISA SPECIAL SYNTHETICESTER MATRIX Made from natural, renewable ingredients Highly surf...
NEW TECHNOLOGYDELIVERY MUST BEABLETO COVER ALL METALCONTACTSAdditive must be able to exist and perform in high friction c...
NEW TECHNOLOGYCOMBINATIONOF BORATE NANOPARTICLESAND ESTERCARRIERGives improved stability and performanceOffers the oppor...
PERFORMANCEFOUR BALLWEAR 0.35 mm scar vs. 0.80mm base oilFOUR BALL LOAD Standard lithium-complex grease held aload of 70...
PERFORMANCELOADCARRYING CAPACITYOil alone ---------------------------------------------------------500 lbsOil with boron...
EMULSION LUBRICANT Easy to spray NoVOC Excellent lubricity – COF 0.037Very little odorNon-toxicNon-flammable Biodeg...
NEW TECHNOLOGYNEW OPPORTUNITIESAllows new formulations of new products eliminating toxicanti-wear and extreme pressureAW/...
AVAILABLE FOR CONSUMERSAlthough directed towards industry for new productdevelopment we have made it available for the pu...
ARCHOIL POLSKAPHU ISKRAul. Okrężna 8702-933 WarszawaTel. +48 502 819 238E-mail: info@archoil.plwww.archoil.pl
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Functional attributes of nanoborates

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Właściwości i wykorzystanie nanoboranów

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Functional attributes of nanoborates

  1. 1. THE FUNCTIONAL ATTRIBUTESAND UTILIZATION OF BORATESIN LUBRICATION TECHNOLOGY
  2. 2. BORON Discovered in 1808 by Sir Humphrey DavyBrittle, black semi metallic substanceTends to form planar compounds
  3. 3. THE USE OF BORON IN LUBRICANTFORMULATIONBORON NITRIDE (BN) Planar hexagonal structure Similar to graphiteWorks well as a solid lubricantCeramic- Exceptional thermal stability- Stable in acids
  4. 4. THE USE OF BORON IN LUBRICANTFORMULATIONSOIL SOLUBLE BORICACID ESTERS Lubrizol Corp. 1986Used as an anti-wear additive in engine oilformulations Exhibits some rust inhibition properties Poor hydrolytic stability
  5. 5. THE USE OF BORON IN LUBRICANTFORMULATIONSOIL SOLUABLE BORATEDAMINESWatts et al., Infineum, late 1990’s Friction modifier and anti-wear additives forengine oils Useful in automatic transmission fluids High treat rates
  6. 6. THE USE OF BORON IN LUBRICANTFORMULATIONSBorated amine and borate esterCompared to traditional phosphorus additivesTested for engine exhaust emissions Determined that tailpipe emissions arereduced using boron additives No reduction in catalytic converterperformanceMorris et al. SAE International June 2004
  7. 7. THE USE OF BORON IN LUBRICATIONFORMULATIONSBORICACID NANOPARTICLES Used to improve diesel fuel lubricity Problem dispersing particles Substantial friction reduction Problems related to suspension Does not tolerate waterArgonne National La,TransforumVol. 7 No. 2 August 2007Ali Erdimer, Nanolubricants, 2008 John Wiley & Sons
  8. 8. NEW TECHNOLOGYBORATE NANOPARTICLESCOMBINESTHE BEST OF EXISTINGTECHNOLOGY Produced using unique manufacturing processCreate planar structures on metal surfaces Stable suspensionTolerate waterAlmost half the friction reduction of boric acid 0.037Cantor, N.Tribology and LubricationTechnology, August 2009
  9. 9. NEW TECHNOLOGYBORATE NANOPARTICLES PERFORMANCE ESTABLISHED Difficulties lie in delivering nanoparticles to active site where frictionis occurring Improved hydrolytic stability can lead to more environmentallyfriendly applicationsIMPROVED DELIVERY SYSTEMTransports nanoparticles to where they are needed Keeps particles in suspension
  10. 10. NEW TECHNOLOGYTHE DELIVERY SYSTEM ISA SPECIAL SYNTHETICESTER MATRIX Made from natural, renewable ingredients Highly surface active Forms a strong lubricating film- Film is self healing Superior anti-wear performanceWill not agglomerate like boric acidTolerant of water- Soluble in oil and other hydrocarbons
  11. 11. NEW TECHNOLOGYDELIVERY MUST BEABLETO COVER ALL METALCONTACTSAdditive must be able to exist and perform in high friction contact areas- Nanoborate blended into the ester matrix which has a polar adhesiveinteraction with the metal surface- A chelation bond to the metal develops- Unlike anti-wear additives in oil which take up to 20 minutes toperform, nanoborate takes no time.
  12. 12. NEW TECHNOLOGYCOMBINATIONOF BORATE NANOPARTICLESAND ESTERCARRIERGives improved stability and performanceOffers the opportunity to formulate water-based lubricants- Replace oil as carrier with water- Ester/nanoparticulate borate combined with emulsifier formsemulsion lubricant when blended into water
  13. 13. PERFORMANCEFOUR BALLWEAR 0.35 mm scar vs. 0.80mm base oilFOUR BALL LOAD Standard lithium-complex grease held aload of 700 kg
  14. 14. PERFORMANCELOADCARRYING CAPACITYOil alone ---------------------------------------------------------500 lbsOil with boron nitride------------------------------------------ 1250 lbsOil with PTFE--------------------------------------------------- 2500 lbsOil with ester/nanoparticulate borate---------------------- 4000 lbsWater-based emulsion with nanoparticulate borate----- 4000lbs
  15. 15. EMULSION LUBRICANT Easy to spray NoVOC Excellent lubricity – COF 0.037Very little odorNon-toxicNon-flammable Biodegradable Made from renewable resources
  16. 16. NEW TECHNOLOGYNEW OPPORTUNITIESAllows new formulations of new products eliminating toxicanti-wear and extreme pressureAW/EP additivesFormulate readily biodegradable and non-toxic lubes andgreasesOutperformsAW/EP additives presently used in lubricants Lower the bottom line while offering a superior product
  17. 17. AVAILABLE FOR CONSUMERSAlthough directed towards industry for new productdevelopment we have made it available for the publicAdd 1.12 oz per quart of oil or 6 oz for aver 5 qt sump MPG gains are realized due to the dramatic drop infrictionWear is reduced upwards of 90% Increased power is realized Less emissions Use at every oil drain, very cost effective
  18. 18. ARCHOIL POLSKAPHU ISKRAul. Okrężna 8702-933 WarszawaTel. +48 502 819 238E-mail: info@archoil.plwww.archoil.pl

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