Introduction to Earth Science

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Introduction to Earth Science

  1. 1. Introduction to Earth Science Chapter 1 Earth/Environmental Science P. Squires
  2. 2. Chapter 1 – The Nature of Science <ul><li>Earth Science is a blend of sciences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Astronomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meteorology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oceanography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climatology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paleontology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geochemistry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tectonics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Astronomy
  4. 5. Meteorology
  5. 6. Geology
  6. 7. Oceanography
  7. 8. Climatology
  8. 9. Ecology
  9. 10. Paleontology
  10. 11. Hydrology
  11. 12. Geochemistry
  12. 13. Tectonics
  13. 14. Technology
  14. 15. Earth’s Systems <ul><li>Lithosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Biosphere </li></ul>
  15. 16. Lithosphere <ul><li>Rigid outer layer of the planet – includes the crust and the solid part below the mantle. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Hydrosphere <ul><li>The water in the Earth’s oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, glaciers, and the atmosphere. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Atmosphere <ul><li>The blanket of gases that surrounds our planet. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Biosphere <ul><li>Includes organisms as well as the environment that they live in. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Scientific Method <ul><li>Ask a question </li></ul><ul><li>Write a Hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>Make a prediction </li></ul><ul><li>Perform an experiment </li></ul><ul><li>State your conclusion </li></ul>
  20. 22. Scientific Communication <ul><li>Do discovery lab page 5. </li></ul>
  21. 23. Measurement Review <ul><li>Length </li></ul><ul><li>Weight/mass </li></ul><ul><li>Area </li></ul><ul><li>Volume </li></ul><ul><li>Density </li></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul>
  22. 25. Scientific Notation <ul><li>97,400,000,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>= 9.74 x 10 13 </li></ul><ul><li>4,730,000 = ? </li></ul><ul><li>.00356 = ? </li></ul><ul><li>4.56 x 10 24 = ? </li></ul><ul><li>1.59 x 10 -4 = ? </li></ul>
  23. 26. Theories and Laws <ul><li>Scientific Theory – an explanation based on many observation during repeated experiments. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Law – a basic fact that describes the behavior of a natural phenomenon. </li></ul>
  24. 27. Review Questions <ul><li>Which of the following lists Earth’s layers from the inside out? </li></ul><ul><li>a. inner core, outer core, mantle and crust </li></ul><ul><li>b. crust, mantle, outer core, inner core </li></ul><ul><li>c. crust, inner core, outer core, mantle </li></ul><ul><li>d. mantle, outer core, inner core, crust </li></ul>
  25. 28. Review Questions (cont.) <ul><li>A block is 2 cm wide, 5.4 cm deep, and 3.1 cm long. The density of the block is 8.5 g/cm 3 . What is the mass of the block? </li></ul><ul><li>a. 33.48 g </li></ul><ul><li>b. 85.10 g </li></ul><ul><li>c. 399.3 g </li></ul><ul><li>d. 284.58 g </li></ul>
  26. 29. Go To Chapter 2 power point

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