Greatest Photographers of the 20th Century

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Greatest Photographers of the 20th century. Based on a study by David Galenson (2009) NBER.

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Greatest Photographers of the 20th Century

  1. 1. GreatestPhotographers Of TheTwentieth Century
  2. 2. How do you define GreatPhotographers
  3. 3. SKILLFUL.
  4. 4. SKILLFUL. INFLUENTIAL.
  5. 5. SKILLFUL. INFLUENTIAL. REMARKABLE.
  6. 6. me?
  7. 7. Eugène AtgetFebruary 12, 1857 – August 4, 1927French photographer noted for his photographs documenting the architecture and street scenes of Paris.
  8. 8. He was more interested in the dark and sooty corners of the old city.
  9. 9. Photographs
  10. 10. Where DidThe People Go?
  11. 11. Atgetprefers to workearly in themorning
  12. 12. Giving many of theimages a feeling of silence and timelessness.
  13. 13. He producedno single famous Photograph ArtDealers.com
  14. 14. Made thousands of images thatrecreate the visual past of a great city.
  15. 15. My work was physically demanding as my oldbellows camera, with its glass plates, and awooden tripod, weighed more than fortypounds!
  16. 16. I offered to lend him a little Rolleiflex, but he refused.
  17. 17. Man Ray August 27, 1890– November 18, 1976An American artist who spentmost of his career in Paris, France.
  18. 18. Dada and Surrealist movements’Significant contributor
  19. 19. Dada Anti-war. Anti-bourgeois.Anarchist in nature
  20. 20. SurrealismSurprise.Unexpected juxtapositions.Non sequitur.
  21. 21. In 1999, ARTnews magazinenamed him one of the 25 most influential artists of the 20th century.
  22. 22. Photographs
  23. 23. Photogram
  24. 24. He never fully abandoned painting though portrait photography provided him with both financial support and celebrity status
  25. 25. When asked by people ifhe quitted one art foranother… during his time
  26. 26. “There was no conflict between the two –why couldn’t people accept the idea thatone might engage in two activities in hislifetime, alternately or simultaneously?”
  27. 27. So you have to thank this man for making PHOTOGRAPHY an accepted ART FORM.
  28. 28. Alfred Stieglitz January 1, 1864 - July 13, 1946American photographer & modern art promoter
  29. 29. He was… Experimental
  30. 30. Experimental Technical
  31. 31. Experimental Technical A Photography Crusader
  32. 32. “Stieglitz does not, like his Parisian contemporary, Atget,range the city from morning to night, deliberatelycomposing a documentary history of its life, after the fashionof Zola. He not merely observes: he waits, he eliminates; heselects.” - Lewis Mumford, critic
  33. 33. Georgia OKeeffe, wife
  34. 34. Georgia OKeeffe, wife
  35. 35. 8 of 9 highest prices everpaid at auction for Stieglitzphotographs are images of Georgia OKeeffe ArtDealers.com
  36. 36. Like the Chinese proverb, ONE PICTURE IS WORTH TENTHOUSAND WORDS
  37. 37. Walker Evans November 3, 1903 – April 10, 1975American photographerBest known for his work for theFarm Security Administrationdocumenting the effects of theGreat Depression.
  38. 38. His goal as a photographer wasto make pictures that are: literate authoritative transcendent
  39. 39. Photographs
  40. 40. Walker Evans was a writer in Time and Editor in Fortune magazine.
  41. 41. In 2000, Evans was inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame ---
  42. 42. Cindy Sherman January 19, 1954 - PresentAmerican photographer and film director well-known for her conceptual portraits
  43. 43. As a child, she loved to play dress-up, using old clothes she had inherited from her grandmother.She also loved to draw, and she practiced by studying her own face.
  44. 44. Year after she graduated fromcollege, she began to make theseries of 69 photographs,(Untitled Film Stillsrecognized as -- “one of the landmarks of late- twentieth-century art.”
  45. 45. Photographs
  46. 46. And much more…
  47. 47. Sherman’s contribution is conceptual “She has reclaimed the oldest trick in the book, storytelling, and given it new life in visual art.” - Calvin Tomkins ArtDealers.com
  48. 48. Stieglitz, Evans, and Atget were experimental artists who were committed to realism
  49. 49. Man Ray and Sherman were conceptual innovators who constructed images to express their ideas
  50. 50. I might say that I possess all of Old Paris.- Eugène Atget, 1920I want to be contradictory and irrational.- Man Ray, 1966Photography is my passion. The search for Truth my obsession.- Alfred Stieglitz, 1921It is reality that photography reaches toward.- Walker Evans, 1969[T]he one thing I’ve always known is that the camera lies.- Cindy Sherman, 1987
  51. 51. The Greatest Photographers of the Past Century ArtDealers.com
  52. 52. On determining the greatest… This was based on the study by David Galenson (2009). NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH ArtDealers.com
  53. 53. Slide Source1-8, 20-23, 42, 74, 77-78 http://www.atgetphotography.com/The-Photographers/Eugene-Atget.html9 http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Atget_organ_grinder.jpg10 http://hopeugeneatget.wordpress.com/2010/05/23/1013 http://www.flickr.com/photos/estetica_fotografica/275604156117-19 http://www.leninimports.com/eugene_atget.html12 http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Atget_-_Avenue_des_Gobelins.jpg12 http://carabinieres.wordpress.com/inspiration14 http://www.masters-of-photography.com/A/atget/atget_prostitute_full.html15 http://lauralerner.com/photographers.html1-6, 38-42, 50-52, 74, 77-78 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Alfred_Stieglitz.jpg47 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stieglitz_okeeffe_1918_Corrected.jpg43 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Steerage_1907_Stieglitz.jpg43 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stieglitz-SpringShowers.jpg45 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stieglitz-GoingtotheStart.jpg48-49 http://www.vam.ac.uk/images/image/4108-popup.html44 http://www.sfmoma.org/artwork/1381046 http://s564.photobucket.com/albums/ss90/toastfm/prophotographers/?action=view&current=AlfredStieglitz.jpg&&newest=11-6, 23-28, 34-36, 75, 77-78 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Man_Ray_1934.jpg33 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ManRayMisunderstood.jpg ArtDealers.com
  54. 54. Slide Source33 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ManRayANightAtSaintJean.jpg32 http://www.burnaway.org/2008/10/the-rayograph29 http://www.dailyartfixx.com/2010/08/27/man-ray-1890-197630 http://www.dailyartfixx.com/2010/08/27/man-ray-1890-197631 http://www.dailyartfixx.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/veiled-erotic-meret-oppenheim-man-ray-1933.jpg1-6, 53-54, 62-63, 74 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Walker_Evans_1937-02.jpg55 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Frame_house_Charleston_Walker_Evans.jpg57 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Allie_Mae_Burroughs_print.jpg61 http://www.newpartisan.com/tradanon58 http://www.shorpy.com/node/1921?size=_original59 http://www.flickr.com/photos/pingnews/2116470695/in/set-7215760016384875656 http://www.flickr.com/photos/pingnews/290586561/sizes/z/in/set-7215760016384875660 http://www.flickr.com/photos/pingnews/472004201/sizes/m/in/set-721576001638487561-6, 64-66, 75, 77-78 http://artmarketingsecrets.com/2008/04/cindy-sherman-art-quote-of-the-week.html68 http://www.cindysherman.com/art.shtml71 http://www.cindysherman.com/art.shtml67 http://www.arthistoryarchive.com/arthistory/photography/Cindy-Shermans-Photography.html72 http://www.arthistoryarchive.com/arthistory/photography/Cindy-Shermans-Photography.html66 http://www.cindysherman.com/art.shtml69 http://www.cindysherman.com/images/photographs/Untitled93.jpg ArtDealers.com

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