Types of sentences and types of clauses

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Types of sentences and types of clauses

  1. 1. Clauses andTypes ofSentences
  2. 2. ClauseA group of words that has a subject and a verb and is used as part of a sentence.
  3. 3. Types of Clauses Independent – Main – expresses a complete thought-EX-I watched the Super Bowl. Subordinate – Needs help –Dependent- Can’t stand alone-After I watched the Super Bowl
  4. 4. Types ofSentencesSentences are classified by the number and types of clauses
  5. 5. SimpleSentenceOne independent clauseEx-I watched the super bowl.
  6. 6. CompoundSentence Two independent clauses joined by either a comma and a coordinating conjunction or a semicolon EX-I watched the super bowl, and I ate chips. EX-I watched the super bowl; however, I forgot the chips.
  7. 7. Coordinating Conjunctions F A N B O Y S-Join two independent clauses (with a comma) to form compound sentences. For And Nor But Or Yet So
  8. 8. Complex SentenceOne independent clause and at least one subordinate clause
  9. 9. SubordinateClausesAdjectiveAdverb
  10. 10. Adjective Clause Begins with a relative pronoun (who, whom, whose, that, which) Usually modifies the noun directly before it.
  11. 11. Adjective clausescontinued  Tells which one or what kind  Example: The quarterback who threw the interception lost the game.  (Modifies quarterback; tells which one)
  12. 12. Adverb Clause Begins with a subordinating conjunction such as after, as, because, if, since, when Describes a verb, adjective, or adverb of the independent clause.
  13. 13. Adverb clauses continued  Answers the questions When? Where? In what way? To what extent? Under what conditions? or Why?  Tells when, where, how or why something happened.  Example: I turned on the TV before the Super Bowl started. (Modifies turned; tells when)
  14. 14. Compound-ComplexSentence Two independent clauses and at least one subordinate clause. The clauses are connected using correct punctuation.
  15. 15. Let’s see if you werelistening… What are the five types of relative pronouns? What are the coordinating conjunctions? What type of clause is necessary in the sentence? Does it require commas? What is a compound sentence? Complex? Compound Complex? What are three subordinating conjunctions? What type of clause do they begin? What questions do adverb clauses answers?

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