ClauseA group of words that has a subject and a verb and is used as part of a sentence.
Types of Clauses Independent – Main – expresses a complete thought-EX-I watched the Super Bowl. Subordinate – Needs help –Dependent- Can’t stand alone-After I watched the Super Bowl
Types ofSentencesSentences are classified by the number and types of clauses
SimpleSentenceOne independent clauseEx-I watched the super bowl.
CompoundSentence Two independent clauses joined by either a comma and a coordinating conjunction or a semicolon EX-I watched the super bowl, and I ate chips. EX-I watched the super bowl; however, I forgot the chips.
Coordinating Conjunctions F A N B O Y S-Join two independent clauses (with a comma) to form compound sentences. For And Nor But Or Yet So
Complex SentenceOne independent clause and at least one subordinate clause
Adjective Clause Begins with a relative pronoun (who, whom, whose, that, which) Usually modifies the noun directly before it.
Adjective clausescontinued Tells which one or what kind Example: The quarterback who threw the interception lost the game. (Modifies quarterback; tells which one)
Adverb Clause Begins with a subordinating conjunction such as after, as, because, if, since, when Describes a verb, adjective, or adverb of the independent clause.
Adverb clauses continued Answers the questions When? Where? In what way? To what extent? Under what conditions? or Why? Tells when, where, how or why something happened. Example: I turned on the TV before the Super Bowl started. (Modifies turned; tells when)
Compound-ComplexSentence Two independent clauses and at least one subordinate clause. The clauses are connected using correct punctuation.
Let’s see if you werelistening… What are the five types of relative pronouns? What are the coordinating conjunctions? What type of clause is necessary in the sentence? Does it require commas? What is a compound sentence? Complex? Compound Complex? What are three subordinating conjunctions? What type of clause do they begin? What questions do adverb clauses answers?