Name- Republic of Turkey Short Form – Turkey Capital- Ankara Population- 73,639,596 Ethnic- Turkish (80%), Kurdish (17%) Religion- Muslim Coastline- 72,000 km(Country Profile, Turkey, 2008) Sixth Most Visited Country( Daily News)
TOURISM STRATEGY FOR 2023Turkey government has a ten-year strategic plan for tourism. The current plan runs from2013 to 2023, Its objectives include: To ensure sustainable development of tourism, Increasing alternative tourism ( golf tourism, eco and plateau tourism, thermal tourism) To make 12 months tourism To become top-five tourism destination 60 million visitors + $50 billion revenue in 2023 Try to increase the market from Western Europe to Eastern Europe (from 17% to 54%) ( Ministry of Cultural and Tourism)
WHERE IS ANTALYA Located in southwestern of Turkey-20,723km sq Population-994,306 Covered by forest in 57%, Coastline-630 km Rich in natural assets, cultural, wildlife Turkey’s biggest international sea port Blue Flag awarded with 136 beaches and three marine(Turkey Tourism Market ResearchReport, Antalya’10)
ECONOMIC PROFILE OF ANTALYA contribute 25% of turkey GDP ( in average ) Main economy- Import/Export, Agriculture, Mining , Tourism, Antalya Free Zone ( 36% owned by public & 64% by private) The first agricultural production in turkey (18% of GDP & 30% of employment) Fourth visited city ( according to 2011) 40% of the tourism revenue in Turkey 11 million tourists in 2011, 12% increased from10.7 million in 2010 (Antalya Province of Cultural and Tourism Office)
TOURIST ATTRACTIONS Cultural and Historical National Parks (5) Assets Nature Parks (4) Living Traditions Nature Reserve Areas (3)NATURE Wildlife Reserve Areas Stunning Beach (8) Mountains and Lakes (History, Culture, Nature in Antalya and the West Mediterranean) Caves Cuisine
ONGOING TOURISM PROJECTS 2016 European Football Champion Antalya Museum City and Exhibitions ( would be supported by the Ministry of Cultural and Tourism) Speed Train between Antalya and Alanya ( impose to reduce the travelling time) Try to introduce sustainable tourism type- thermal tourism, sport tourism….
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF TOURISMKaya and Smardon reported the following impacts of tourism onAntalya coast: Constructions for residential area erode agricultural land , coastal and forest Air pollution and waste. Endangered to the cliffs alongside the coast Threat to historical and cultural assets
SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS Rising prices and cost of living Increased crime rate Traffic congestion Overpopulation ( almost doubled every decade since 1970s)
SUSTAINABLE CONSERVATIONAtik.M (2010) researched about the awareness of themanagers in recreation sites: Water conservation(62.5%) Energy conservation(37.5%) Waste management (25% ) Coastal and Beach use(31.3%) The rise of environmental awareness, education and training, on a wider scale, are required. (Coakley, 2003)
SUMMARY Although there is awareness about environmental protection and sustainable tourism , there is no action plan. Need cooperation with different organizations and cost- effectives initiatives. (Atik.M,2010) A local initiatives on environmental protection for coastal in Antalya would improve and strengthen the existing approach.( Kay and Alder , 2005) Should also focus on socio-economic and cultural sustainable tourism.
REFERENCES Economic Impact of Tourism on Turkey’s Economy; Evidence from Cointegration Test, International Research Journal of Finance and Economic, Issue 25, 2009 Atik.M, Environmental Protection in Coastal Recreation Sites in Antalya, Turkey,15 Oct, 2010 Turkey Tourism Research Tourism Market, Antalya, 2010 Kaya.L and Samdron.R, Sustainable Tourism Development; The Case Study of Antalya, Turkey http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/default.aspx?pageid=438&n=antalya-ranks- 4th-in-most-visited-cities-2011-02-15 http://www.reidin.com/news/showNews/tr_istgd-tristgde-20100615-1/igd--- antalya-mediterranean-region-tourism-research-report-june-2010.html http://www.todayszaman.com/news-267482-number-of-visitors-to-antalya- rises-to-11-mln-in-2011.html