Netherlands Antilles Coral Reef Initiative Paul Hoetjes, coordinator
MPAs <ul><li>Four islands have MPAs including all coastal waters, managed by NGOs, with user fees in place </li></ul><ul><...
What is NACRI: <ul><li>Established in 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MPA management NGO’s </li...
Priorities <ul><li>Coral reef monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Increased public awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable fisher...
Coral Reef Monitoring <ul><li>funding by NFWF and UNEP to form NACRI monitoring node for GCRMN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Volun...
Results of Isotope Ratio  15 N/ 14 N Nutrient Monitoring Program Bonaire Curaçao
Coral Reef Monitoring <ul><li>St. Lucia added to extended nutrient monitoring program </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by WW2BW (v...
Status of the reefs <ul><li>Windward islands (St. Maarten, St. Eustatius, Saba </li></ul><ul><li>severe bleaching in 2005 ...
Status of the reefs <ul><li>Bonaire and Curacao,  </li></ul><ul><li>Very little bleaching </li></ul><ul><li>Some localized...
Status of the reefs
Conclusions <ul><li>Reefs continue to deteriorate, but recruitment rate and genetic diversity of Bonaire and Curaçao reefs...
http://www.DCNAnature.org <ul><li>Protected area organizations of all Dutch Caribbean islands, including Aruba </li></ul><...
<ul><li>turtle outreach  </li></ul><ul><li>turtle tracking </li></ul><ul><li>management success </li></ul>Saba: Hours spen...
2200 km 2  to be designated Specially Protected Area St. Barth
Conclusions <ul><li>Regional cooperation has strengthened local cooperation  </li></ul><ul><li>Need for further strengthen...
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Neth Ant Coral Reef Initiative - NACRI

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Neth Ant Coral Reef Initiative - NACRI

  1. 1. Netherlands Antilles Coral Reef Initiative Paul Hoetjes, coordinator
  2. 2. MPAs <ul><li>Four islands have MPAs including all coastal waters, managed by NGOs, with user fees in place </li></ul><ul><li>Curaçao has MPA for 12% of leeward coast, but no user fees and lack of management </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is NACRI: <ul><li>Established in 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MPA management NGO’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dive operators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grassroots groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourism organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Island government agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(fishermen organizations) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central government, Department of Environment (MINA) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Member of the ICRI (Int. Coral Reef Initiative) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Priorities <ul><li>Coral reef monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Increased public awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Support for island MPAs </li></ul><ul><li>Improved legislation </li></ul><ul><li>strengthening communication and cooperation </li></ul>
  5. 5. Coral Reef Monitoring <ul><li>funding by NFWF and UNEP to form NACRI monitoring node for GCRMN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Volunteer Reef Check groups trained on all islands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coral ID training for AGRRA volunteers in Bonaire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nutrient Monitoring started for Curaçao and Bonaire </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Results of Isotope Ratio 15 N/ 14 N Nutrient Monitoring Program Bonaire Curaçao
  7. 7. Coral Reef Monitoring <ul><li>St. Lucia added to extended nutrient monitoring program </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by WW2BW (via NMSF) </li></ul><ul><li>Comparing low-level nutrient concentrations, N sources, and algae cover </li></ul>
  8. 8. Status of the reefs <ul><li>Windward islands (St. Maarten, St. Eustatius, Saba </li></ul><ul><li>severe bleaching in 2005 ~ 80% of corals bleached </li></ul><ul><li>Disease impacts after bleaching  much coral cover loss </li></ul>
  9. 9. Status of the reefs <ul><li>Bonaire and Curacao, </li></ul><ul><li>Very little bleaching </li></ul><ul><li>Some localized Diadema recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Acropora with high genetic diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment of corals is high </li></ul><ul><li>Coral cover ~ slight decline over ten years, but not statistically significant </li></ul>
  10. 10. Status of the reefs
  11. 11. Conclusions <ul><li>Reefs continue to deteriorate, but recruitment rate and genetic diversity of Bonaire and Curaçao reefs is hopeful </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation through NACRI has improved monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Recent establishment of Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance has strengthened MPAs </li></ul>
  12. 12. http://www.DCNAnature.org <ul><li>Protected area organizations of all Dutch Caribbean islands, including Aruba </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation, fundraising, capacity building, support </li></ul><ul><li>Joint projects </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>turtle outreach </li></ul><ul><li>turtle tracking </li></ul><ul><li>management success </li></ul>Saba: Hours spent on Marine Projects in 2007 Projects
  14. 14. 2200 km 2 to be designated Specially Protected Area St. Barth
  15. 15. Conclusions <ul><li>Regional cooperation has strengthened local cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Need for further strengthening of monitoring groups and MPAs to improve monitoring frequency </li></ul><ul><li>Need to further strengthen regional cooperation through instruments such as the SPAW protocol and its RAC, and the CaMPAM network </li></ul>

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