Maritime Management - Saba Bank

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Maritime Management - Saba Bank

  1. 1. Maritime Management Nature & Environment The case of the Saba Bank Paul Hoetjes Dept. of Environment (MINA), Directorate of Public Health, MinVSO
  2. 2. Maritime Management Ordinance <ul><li>Sovereign rights bring responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable management of natural resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fisheries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiversity </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Management responsibility <ul><li>Territorial waters </li></ul><ul><li>EEZ </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Part territorial waters, part EEZ </li></ul><ul><li>Very little known </li></ul><ul><li>1996 National Fishery Ordinance </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign requests for fishing permits </li></ul>The case of the Saba Bank
  5. 5. Management requires knowledge <ul><li>Review 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Fishery survey 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid Assessment 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrographic survey 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Six month fishery and biodiversity survey 2007 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Results <ul><li>Good idea of use </li></ul><ul><li>Very rich biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Preliminary bottom class map </li></ul><ul><li>More robust fishery data </li></ul><ul><li>Management plan </li></ul><ul><li>PSSA proposal </li></ul><ul><li>Necessary legislation identified </li></ul>
  7. 7. Conflicting uses <ul><li>Very rich biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Important fishery area </li></ul><ul><li>Regional importance (nursery) </li></ul><ul><li>Anchoring ground for large ships </li></ul>
  8. 8. Goals for sustainable management <ul><li>Anchoring must stop </li></ul><ul><li>Management body necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Shipping must be monitored & controlled </li></ul><ul><li>Fishery must be monitored and adaptively regulated </li></ul><ul><li>Establish regional Conch reserve </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor coral reefs </li></ul><ul><li>More thorough study of biodiversity and fishery resources </li></ul><ul><li>Study possibilities to develop dive tourism </li></ul>
  9. 9. Regulate international shipping <ul><ul><li>Territorial waters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulations prohibiting anchoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ship routing (Racon buoys) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For EEZ via IMO </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PSSA Status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Anchoring Areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Area to be avoided (ATBA) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Monitor international shipping
  11. 11. Existing PSSAs Malpelo Island Great Barrier Reef Sabana-Camaguey Florida Keys Wadden Sea Paracas National Reserve Galapagos Saba bank?? Why PSSA <ul><li>Sends message of importance </li></ul><ul><li>Can also include no sewage or ballast water discharge </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing tool </li></ul>Northwestern Hawaiian islands
  12. 12. Monitoring and management of fishery <ul><ul><li>Collect data from fishermen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(reporting system) and report back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect Spawning Areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptive management together with fishermen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study potential artificial lobster habitats </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Further Study <ul><ul><li>Provide platform for scientific research to further document species richness and ecosystems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop ‘scientific tourism’ </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. All done then…? <ul><li>Urgently need staff and funding for management </li></ul><ul><li>Urgently need legislation </li></ul><ul><li>PSSA proposal needs to go to IMO </li></ul>

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