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Cpl pdf

  1. 1. CPL Commercial Pilots Licence (Helicopter)
  2. 2. Commercial Pilots Licence (H) The JAR Commercial Pilot’s Licence is the professional pilot’s licence that enables you to earn money from your helicopter flying. There are two forms of licence, CPL (Commercial Pilots Licence) and ATPL (Airline Transport Pilots Licence). In the fixed wing world most people will opt for an ATPL as the CPL has limitations, but in most operations in helicopters, a CPL is quite sufficient. I would say that the North Sea operators are really the only ones that would prefer you to have an ATPL as you can not fly as captain with a CPL only become a first officer. If the North Sea is your intention then you should go the ATPL route. As far as the flying goes it makes no difference to your course length but there are two extra exams to do. Once you have completed the CPL flying course and exams you have a full CPL with a frozen ATPL. You must then, within 5 years gain an instrument rating. There are two ways to gaining this licence, either a modular route or an integrated course. Most training facilities for helicopters offer the modular route due to the high costs and requirements of providing the integrated course. An integrated course means that you will be learning both the flying and ground school from one learning provider and therefore you skip the necessity for doing a PPL. A modular course means the individual elements of a CPL course such as the flight training and written exams can be done in sections and by individual providers. This seems to suit most people as they don’t have a full year or so to take out of their life for an intensive integrated course. Saying that you can undertake an intensive modular course if you wanted to gain your CPL/ATPL quickly. At Phoenix we offer the modular course. This means we offer the PPL (H) as one course of 45 hours training. Structured self fly hire followed by a CPL (H) flying course. A course of 30 to 35 hours depending on whether you have a night rating.
  3. 3. The pre entry requirements for taking a CPL course are  Hold a Class 1 Medical Certificate  Be the holder of a PPL(H) or ICAO CPL(H) issued in accordance with ICAO Annex 1  Have completed 155 hours flight time as pilot in helicopters, including 50 hours as PIC of which 10 hours must be cross-country  Have undertaken the theoretical ground school and achieved a pass in all 13 exams, 15 for ATPL We will talk later about converting from an ICAO (licence gained in another country) CPL (H) later. The Modular Route In the modular route you split the training elements into different section. Firstly you do a PPL, let’s assume you do it on the numbers, you can view our PDF or down load it from our student area on our web site to see the requirements. You will now have 45 hours flight time of which 10 will be solo and 5 simulated instrument; you will then go on to build your hours to 155. This seems very daunting and a long way off, but there are many ways to build hours. Self fly hire, repositioning flights; maybe even do some flying abroad to expand your horizons. You can also use this time to do some type ratings if finances allow. We would also recommend possibly getting a FAA PPL (H) and doing an FAA instrument rating. We can arrange to do this for you here. This will save a lot of time and money towards a JAR instrument rating as the FAA course can be carried out on a single piston. Once you have completed your CPL (H) you can then do a conversion to JAR Instrument rating being an additional 15 hours on a twin turbine rather than the 30 hours. During this time you will be studying for your CPL (H) ground exams. There are 13 altogether for CPL and 15 for ATPL. This is normally done as distance learning. You send off to your learning provider for the text books, normally there is an internet correspondence learning between yourselves and before you sit the exams there is a brush up course of about two weeks to make sure you are ready for the exams. The work itself is not that difficult but there is a large volume to get through. This is estimated to be about 500 hours of reading depending on your ability. We’ll cover the exams and ground work in more detail in a different section. Once you have completed all the exams and have accumulated your 155 hours you can then do the CPL flying course.
  4. 4. The CPL (H) Flying Course The aim of any CPL (H) Modular Course should be to provide the flight instruction necessary to train experienced PPL (H) or ICAO CPL (H) holders to the levels of proficiency necessary to pass the Skill Test for the issue of a JAR CPL(H). If you looked at the two flight exams next to each other, PPL and CPL, you would not notice too much difference but there is a big difference. For a PPL holder the examiner is looking mainly at safety. For a CPL he is looking at professionalism because once he/she issues you with the licence he is accepting that you are capable of taking other people’s lives in your hands. A big responsibility! The flying course itself is divided into four main parts with roughly ten hours on navigation, ten on skills and you must do ten on instruments followed by five hours night flying if you don’t already have that as a qualification. We highly recommend you to do the CPL course as intensively as possible, full time. This should take between 2 weeks and a maximum of 6 months dependent upon the student and their obligations. Towards the end of your flying training, you will have to undertake a 170A Assessment, which is in principle a “mock skills test”. This should be done with about 5 hours of training left. It is conducted by an experience CPL instructor or examiner separate from your training instructor. The object is to look for areas of weakness so that you can use the last few hours to highlight those areas and allows us to ensure that you are ready to take the final test. From the start you will be encouraged to build a one-to-one relationship with your instructor. You can agree with him the frequency of lessons and he will give you the best advice on how to complete the course. Lessons are normally offered in two-hour sessions; apart from the requirements for solo during your night exercises all the lessons will be dual. The lesson plan includes one hour of flying and one hour pre- and post- flight briefing. This is not rigid and your instructor will devote as much time as necessary. The aim of the pre- flight briefing is to ensure that you know in detail the flying exercise before it is flown, maximising the value gained from the flying time. The post- flight briefing gives you the opportunity to discuss in detail with your instructor and analyse the exercises you have just put into practice. As apart of your training you will be expected to show motivation and initiative. There is not much in the way of theory but a good understanding of aviation and commercial operations will be encouraged and taught, particularly on your flight planning. Much of what we will teach you is airmanship and decision making. Weather and other practical matters may limit what can be undertaken as far as flying is concerned but although there is no official ground work as you have passed your exams there is a lot to learn in relation to the flights themselves.
  5. 5. Air and Ground Exercises 1. Pre-flight operations 2. Mass and balance calculations 3. Helicopter inspecting and servicing 4. T a ke -of f s a nd la ndin gs 5. C i r c u i t s a n d e m e rg e n c i e s 6. Approaches 7. Simulated engine off landings in the circuit 8. Sidewa ys and backwa rds f light 9. Spot turns 10. Recovery from incipient vortex ring 11. Advanced autorotations 12. Autorotations to practice forced landings using 30° - 45° of bank 13. Low level manoeuvring and quick stops 14. Advanced take-offs, landings and transitions 15. Sloping ground 16. Limited power 17. Confined areas 18. Cross country navigation 19. Instrument Flying – Straight and level flight 20. Instrument Flying – Level flight speed changes 21. Instrument Flying - Level flight heading changes rate 1 22. Instrument Flying – Level flight heading changes 30° bank 23. Instrument Flying – Climbing / descending speed changes 24. Instrument Flying – Climbing / descending changes rate 1 25. Instrument Flying – Climbing / descending heading 30° bank 26. Instrument Flying – Climbing / descending at constant heading and speed 27. Instrument Flying – Recovery from unusual attitudes 28. Instrument Flying - Limited panel exercises 19 to 22 29. Instrument Flying – Radio Navigation 30. Abnormal and emergency procedures (simulated where appropriate) 31. Night Qualification Course – Revision of basic instrument flying 32. Night Qualification Course – Radio Aids 33. Night Qualification Course - Radar assistance 34. Night Qualification Course - Night flying techniques 35. Night Qualification Course - Solo circuits 36. Night Qualification Course - Cross country
  6. 6. Flying Test Once all the ground exams and flying are completed you will take a Flight Test with a qualified CAA examiner. The test has five sections but is divided into two main halves; navigation and skill or air exercises. In the test the examiner will look to see that you demonstrate that you can fly competently and safely with a professional attitude. The test itself is normally a very much all day event. First the examiner will talk you through the test explaining what he’s looking for and give you some guidelines and standards to meet. Then he will give you a navigation exercise to plan. You will have about an hour to assess the weather and plan your route after which he will go out to the aircraft with you and watch while you do a walk around. Once satisfied you will then fly the test, about an hour for the navigation and about an hour for skills and emergencies. Ground Training The ground exams have to be done prior to the CPL flying; there are a few distance learning providers but we recommend Caledonian Advanced Pilot Training.www.captonline.com. We have built up a relationship with them and find from feed back that the course is highly recommended. Unlike some providers it is entirely helicopter based and not a fixed wing course with a few helicopter bits added. The subjects covered are . For CPL  Aviation Law  Aircraft General Knowledge  Operational Procedures  Human Performance and Limitations.  Navigation  Meteorology  Aircraft (General and Type)  Aircraft flight planning and Performance  VFR Radio Communication Additionally for ATPL their subject matter is slightly more intense with the additional subjects of IFR Communications, and Mass and Balance. You need to consult the latest Lasors for the full information. If you are going for the instrument rating you may as well do the ATPL as this limits the exams for instrument because you have completed two of them. Once you have completed your ground studies there are no extra exams to do on your CPL course but as a part of the course we will teach you to put all the elements you have learnt into practical use in a commercial helicopter environment. These will include aircraft mechanics, in-depth flight planning, helicopter commercial operation and procedure. We won’t just teach you to pass your skills test but will enhance everything you have learned so far. Medical Certificate You must have a medical certificate class 1 current before you undertake the course. If you are just starting out we highly recommend that you do this before any flying. A PPL only needs a Class 2. It would be too much if you found after outlaying money on flying that you were colour blind in a particular spectrum. Really they are only looking for things that would completely incapacitate you like diabetes or epilepsy. Although the initial medical can only be done at Gatwick with the CAA, renewals can be done at a chosen CAA approved doctor. In our links section you should be able to find a list. http://www.caa.co.uk/application.aspx?catid=49&pagetype=65&appid=21
  7. 7. Converting From Non JAR In order to convert to a JAR CPL you must still fulfil all the requirements of a JAR CPL - basically you must have an ICAO CPL with 155 hours of flight time, pass all the relevant CPL or ATPL exams and hold a class 1 medical. From there it differs slightly as there are no set hours to complete the course. You will be required to have a flight with our CFI who will assess your level and set out a training plan with you. You will have to do the hours required to pass a 170A and then your CPL skills test. If you are converting from a CPL A, ATPL A there are some concessions for the ground exams. This information can be found in LASORs or if you email us we will try to find the answers for you. Converting from the military is also an option but again its best we look at your application on an individual basis as many cases vary but if you are converting from military please contact us before you leave as once you go out of currency it becomes much more difficult. Pay Scale Median Salary by Years Experience Job: Helicopter Pilot The pay scale chart is provided by PayScale. It shows that in the early years the level of pay you could receive is between about £20,000 to £40,000 per year. After your experience level increases and subsequently opportunities increase to fly larger more complex machines then you can expect your pay for flying these machines to also increase.
  8. 8. About Us Phoenix Helicopter Academy is a relatively new contender recently set up at Goodwood. Although the school is new the instructors are not. The company is owned and run by instructors who between us have been in the industry for a long time and have taken the best of our experiences to approach training in a new way. Unlike many training environments, Phoenix is a dedicated training facility, and although we are connected to helicopter commercial operations our core business is training. Our instructors are very experienced and dedicated to instructing. We are also all experienced commercial pilots and can therefore pass on real life information that will hopefully aid you in your whole career. We don’t allow new instructors to instruct on the commercial courses even under supervision. We try to instil a very personal service where our students are not treated as a number but on a more personal basis. Flying helicopters either for a hobby or as a career is one of the best things you can do and we believe the training you receive should be of the highest standard and something you will remember forever. Once you have completed the course we then carry on to help you in finding a job from interview techniques to using our facilities free of charge for C.V posting or anything else you require. The Helicopter industry is a very small one and our whole company approach is that if we do right by our students, in years to come the recommendations will pay off. Besides which we as instructors have all at some stage been exactly where you are now. Although we are a small company this gives us the ability to treat you individually. All student lessons are based on a two hour slot with an hours flying. Although the school income is only generated from the flying hours it is crucial that students get the benefit of a full lesson. Take the time to have a look though our web site in the student area, and feel free to come down to see us for a coffee and a chat. Deciding on a school or helicopters as a career is a big step.
  9. 9. GOODWOOD Well what you can say about petrol head heaven. Goodwood is one of those nostalgic places that’s very well kept. It’s a grass strip aerodrome with a racing circuit round the outside. It is a wonderful training environment for helicopters with large hover training areas, no fees for helicopter circuits and in uncontrolled airspace so you are training the minute you get in the air. What’s more, there are small landing fees, only one per lesson, and you will be training in the beautiful south coast with no restriction on airspace. Because of its location we don’t tend to have the poor weather that other fields can get although it can be windy as we are close to the sea and relatively flat. After Silverstone Goodwood also hosts two of the biggest helicopter events in the country, being the Festival of Speed and Goodwood Revival. Its very helicopter friendly! Take a look in our link section to see for yourself. You won’t be disappointed. Prices The price for the CPL course is either based on an hourly rate or a pay in advance rate. The price we show is all-inclusive of flying hours. There are no additional costs for ground courses. The only additional costs are landing fees and VAT. We do pay our CPL instructors more as we do not restrict them on lesson time as the CPL is more intensive than PPL. Standard CPL hourly £ 275.00 CPL course in advance £8000.00 The above price is for 30 Hours training. The 170A fee, CAA exam fee and exam flight time are charged separately. Funding for your course may be available as it’s a professional course and we will be happy to tell you your options an additional 5 hours may be necessary if you don’t have a night qualification. Hopefully this has answered all of your questions regarding the course and requirements but feel free to attend one of our free monthly seminars where we cover additional topics like funding, VAT, opportunities and routes to take. They are designed to be none pressurising and require no obligation from you. They are simply a way for us to help you in answering any questions you may have. If you have any other specific question please contact us on info@phoenixhelicopters.co.uk
  10. 10. Finding Us Phoenix Helicopter Academy Goodwood Aerodrome Goodwood Chichester PO18 0PH 01243 790900 Info@phoenixhelicopters.co.uk Once entering Goodwood Aerodrome/Racing circuit go directly ahead. You will see a tunnel. Go straight through and after the tunnel follow the road round to the left. About 200 yards on the right hand side you will see us. We are the last building before the aero Club. For your Sat Nav our postcode is PO18 0PH