summary
climate change is affecting all regions in Europe
 a wide range of impacts on society and the

environment are a...
temperature
the last decade (2002–2011) was the warmest on

record in Europe
land temperature was 1.3° C warmer than the...
heat waves
heat waves have increased in both frequency and

length
they have caused tens of thousands of deaths over the...
precipitation
precipitation is decreasing in southern regions
precipitation is increasing in northern Europe
climate ch...
rivers
minimum river flows are projected to decrease

significantly in summer in southern Europe
river flow droughts app...
the Arctic
the Arctic is warming faster than other regions.
record low sea ice was observed in the Arctic in 2007,

2011...
glaciers
250 billion tonnes of mass has been lost each year

between 2005 and 2009 on the Greenland ice sheet
Glaciers i...
sea level
sea levels are rising, raising the risk of coastal

flooding during storm events
global average sea level has ...
human health
climate change plays a part in the transmission of

certain diseases
 the tick species Ixodes ricinus is th...
plants and animals
widespread changes in plant and animal

characteristics are already observed
plants are flowering ear...
landcapes
animals and plants are moving northward or uphill as

their habitats warm
the migration rate of many species i...
agriculture
 water available for agriculture in southern Europe is

decreasing
the expansion of warm-season crops will c...
adaptation
adaptation means anticipating the adverse effects of

climate change and taking appropriate action to
prevent ...
task
most adaptation initiatives will be taken at the

regional or local levels
the ability to cope and adapt also diffe...
Evidence of climate change in europe
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Evidence of climate change in europe

219 views

Published on

summary of climate change trends in Europe

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
219
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Evidence of climate change in europe

  1. 1. summary climate change is affecting all regions in Europe  a wide range of impacts on society and the environment are already visible further impacts are expected in future
  2. 2. temperature the last decade (2002–2011) was the warmest on record in Europe land temperature was 1.3° C warmer than the preindustrial average compared to the 1961–1990 average projections show that Europe could be 2.5–4° C warmer by the close of the twenty-first century
  3. 3. heat waves heat waves have increased in both frequency and length they have caused tens of thousands of deaths over the last decade the projected increase in heat waves could increase the number of extreme weather-related deaths over the next decades
  4. 4. precipitation precipitation is decreasing in southern regions precipitation is increasing in northern Europe climate change is projected to increase river flooding, particularly in northern Europe
  5. 5. rivers minimum river flows are projected to decrease significantly in summer in southern Europe river flow droughts appear to have become more severe and frequent in southern Europe belowground flow is declining in many central European watersheds
  6. 6. the Arctic the Arctic is warming faster than other regions. record low sea ice was observed in the Arctic in 2007, 2011 and 2012 melting of the Greenland ice sheet has doubled since the 1990s
  7. 7. glaciers 250 billion tonnes of mass has been lost each year between 2005 and 2009 on the Greenland ice sheet Glaciers in the Alps have lost two-thirds of their volume and continue to melt
  8. 8. sea level sea levels are rising, raising the risk of coastal flooding during storm events global average sea level has risen by 1.7mm a year in the 20th century it is likely that 21st century sea-level rise will be greater than during the 20th century
  9. 9. human health climate change plays a part in the transmission of certain diseases  the tick species Ixodes ricinus is thriving further north further warming may make parts of Europe more suitable for disease-carrying mosquitos and sandflies the pollen season arrives 10 days earlier than 50 years ago
  10. 10. plants and animals widespread changes in plant and animal characteristics are already observed plants are flowering earlier in the year freshwater phytoplankton and zooplankton blooms are also appearing earlier
  11. 11. landcapes animals and plants are moving northward or uphill as their habitats warm the migration rate of many species is insufficient to keep pace with the speed of climate change they could be pushed towards extinction in the future mitigation requires the construction of local and regional biocorridors
  12. 12. agriculture  water available for agriculture in southern Europe is decreasing the expansion of warm-season crops will continue to expand into more northerly latitudes Yields are projected to fall for some crops due to heat waves and droughts in central and southern Europe
  13. 13. adaptation adaptation means anticipating the adverse effects of climate change and taking appropriate action to prevent or minimize the damage they can cause adaptation also means taking advantage of opportunities that may arise
  14. 14. task most adaptation initiatives will be taken at the regional or local levels the ability to cope and adapt also differs across populations, economic sectors and regions within Europe working in pairs, students are asked to prepare a report with actionable recommendations for their region on one of the themes presented

×