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StructuringMobile and Contextual Learning        Dr. Christian Glahn      Prof. Dr. Marcus Specht
What ismobile and contextual learning?
Theory on Mobile and Contextual Learning• Nature of mobile learning (Sharples, 2006)• Approaches to mobile learning (Traxl...
Theory tells what mobile andcontextual learning is about
Theory does not tell what isimportant for advancingmobile and contextual learning
Question for ResearchWhat are the research challengesthat are specific and importantfor mobile and contextual learning?
Method:Group Concept Mapping• Qualitative approach  – Multi-stakeholder perspectives  – Brainstorming• Quantitative method...
Method:Participants• Brainstorming Phase  – 11 experts on mobile learning  – IAMLearn members• Structuring Phase  – 9 expe...
Initial Results• 70 quotes• 82 distinct statements• 111 groups (avg. 12 per expert)
Initial Results:Concept Map                Contextual                 Learning                                            ...
Initial Results:Statement RelevanceBörner et al., 2010
Initial Results:Cluster RelevanceCluster name                             Importance   FeasibilityAccess to learning      ...
WHAT ARE THERESEARCH CHALLENGESWITHIN THE CLUSTERS?
Core Challenges              Contextual               Learning                           Access to LearningBörner et al., ...
Cluster 1: Access to Learning
Cluster 1: Access to Learning• Access to resources and learning  opportunities, anytime and anywhere• Just in time learnin...
Cluster 2: Contextual Learning
Cluster 2: Contextual Learning•   Connect learning contexts (formal/informal)•   Acting and learning in authentic settings...
Cluster 3: Orchestrating Learning
Cluster 3: Orchestrating Learning• Participate in learning activities outside  formal education• Flexibility for the learn...
Quality of the Challenges                 Access to Learning            ContextualRelevance             Learning          ...
Conclusions              Access to Learning               Contextual                Learning
http://portal.ou.nl/en/web/topic-mobile-learning/http://slideshare.net/phish108http://twitter.com/phish108http://delicious...
Structuring mobile and contextual learning
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Structuring mobile and contextual learning

  1. 1. StructuringMobile and Contextual Learning Dr. Christian Glahn Prof. Dr. Marcus Specht
  2. 2. What ismobile and contextual learning?
  3. 3. Theory on Mobile and Contextual Learning• Nature of mobile learning (Sharples, 2006)• Approaches to mobile learning (Traxler, 2009) – Technology – Education• Reuse of existing paradigms (Winter, 2006; Taylor, 2006) – Anytime-anywhere learning – Content delivery• Structuring research problems (Sharples, 2011)
  4. 4. Theory tells what mobile andcontextual learning is about
  5. 5. Theory does not tell what isimportant for advancingmobile and contextual learning
  6. 6. Question for ResearchWhat are the research challengesthat are specific and importantfor mobile and contextual learning?
  7. 7. Method:Group Concept Mapping• Qualitative approach – Multi-stakeholder perspectives – Brainstorming• Quantitative method – Sorting & rating importance and feasibility – Multi-dimensional scaling – Hierarchical cluster analysis (Trochim, 1989)
  8. 8. Method:Participants• Brainstorming Phase – 11 experts on mobile learning – IAMLearn members• Structuring Phase – 9 experts – partial overlap with first group
  9. 9. Initial Results• 70 quotes• 82 distinct statements• 111 groups (avg. 12 per expert)
  10. 10. Initial Results:Concept Map Contextual Learning Technology Access to LearningBörner et al., 2010
  11. 11. Initial Results:Statement RelevanceBörner et al., 2010
  12. 12. Initial Results:Cluster RelevanceCluster name Importance FeasibilityAccess to learning 4.03 3.59Contextual learning 3.92 3.60Orchestrating learning across contexts 3.59 3.28Personalization 3.46 3.13Collaboration 3.31 3.24Technology and technology adoption 3.32 3.05Limitations for learning 3.23 2.80Börner et al., 2010
  13. 13. WHAT ARE THERESEARCH CHALLENGESWITHIN THE CLUSTERS?
  14. 14. Core Challenges Contextual Learning Access to LearningBörner et al., 2010
  15. 15. Cluster 1: Access to Learning
  16. 16. Cluster 1: Access to Learning• Access to resources and learning opportunities, anytime and anywhere• Just in time learning• Nomadic learners• Inclusion of distant learners (rural areas)
  17. 17. Cluster 2: Contextual Learning
  18. 18. Cluster 2: Contextual Learning• Connect learning contexts (formal/informal)• Acting and learning in authentic settings• Interact with the environment (in context)• Augmenting environments with resources and annotations
  19. 19. Cluster 3: Orchestrating Learning
  20. 20. Cluster 3: Orchestrating Learning• Participate in learning activities outside formal education• Flexibility for the learners• Documenting learning experiences and supporting its continuity• Designing mobile learning activities
  21. 21. Quality of the Challenges Access to Learning ContextualRelevance Learning Orchestrating Learning across Contexts Concreteness
  22. 22. Conclusions Access to Learning Contextual Learning
  23. 23. http://portal.ou.nl/en/web/topic-mobile-learning/http://slideshare.net/phish108http://twitter.com/phish108http://delicious.com/phish108
  • NamiRhee

    Sep. 1, 2015
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  • ignatia

    Nov. 23, 2011
  • em3rg3

    Oct. 24, 2011

Presentation held at the MLearn

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