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AHCOHS201A1
 OHS&W Regulations Division 2.9 Code of Practice2
 Main Objectives Effective from January 1991 To prevent the occurrence of INJURY and toREDUCE the severity of injuries ...
4
 An activity requiring the use of force exertedby a person to:◦ Lift or Lower◦ Push or Pull◦ Carry◦ Otherwise move◦ Hold ...
 TO REDUCE :◦ Pain and Suffering◦ Injury Costs◦ Medical Costs◦ Lost Worker Hours◦ Worker Replacement6
 TO REDUCE :◦ Work cover Levy◦ Damaged Equipment◦ Investigation Costs◦ Lost Productivity7
8
9
Posture Compressive Load on the Spine(kg)Standing 50kgsBending downwith out bendinglegs200 – 300kgsBending downwith out be...
11
12
 Everyone working in allindustries High Risk Occupations◦ Construction◦ Product assemblers◦ Process workers◦ Office work...
 Long term Pain and Suffering The Stigma associated with back and otherinjuries which cannot be seen Emotional Distress...
 Direct Cost◦ Compensation◦ Wages◦ Medical15
 Many hidden financial costs Indirect Cost◦ Production losses◦ Retraining staff◦ Training new staff◦ Fine◦ Increased wor...
 Require employers to :◦ Identify Risks◦ Assess the Risk◦ Control Risks◦ Monitor and Review Arising from Manual Handling...
18
 A hazard is anything that has the potential tocause injury or illness Can be present or potential danger May or may no...
 Anything that has the potential to causeinjury or illness20
 Methods being used to perform a task Machines in use Substances in use - package size Storage and transport Workplac...
 The probability or likelihood of the hazardresulting in an injury, illness or disease The likelihood of sustaining and ...
 The likelihood or the chance that the hazardwill result in injury23
 Hazard Risk Outcome Heavy Object Lifting heavy objects Sprains /stains Sharp Surface Handling sharp object Cuts /abras...
 Minimum Effort is required to do the task25
 Recommended Weight:◦ 16kgs – 20kgs Depends upon the physical capabilities of theindividual26
 Leverage effects the load on the body27
 Undue stress on the back and spine28
 Extreme range movements Twisting while lifting Bending the spine Jerky, uncontrolled movements Jumping from heights7...
 Results in discomfort or persistent pain:◦ tendons◦ muscles◦ soft tissue30
 Usually caused and / or aggravated by work Repetitive movement over extended periods Static muscular load31
 Contributing Factors:◦ Poor work station design◦ Badly designed equipment◦ Poorly designed tools◦ Poorly maintained tool...
 Risk Identification Risk Assessment Risk Control Review and Evaluate21 33
 Analysis of workplace injury records Consultation with employees Direct Observation◦ use a checklist as per Code - p 1...
 Risk Rating - How bad is the risk Consequences - catastrophic to negligible Probability - frequent to improbable Seve...
36
 What can be changed to make improvements21 37
 Elimination Substitution Engineering Controls Administrative Controls Personal Protective Equipment Monitor and Eva...
 Elimination completely removes the hazard orrisk of exposure to the hazard Eliminate the hazard or risk29 39
 Substitution involves replace a hazardoussubstance, machinery or work process with aless hazardous one Substitute the h...
 Engineering controls may involveisolation,guards, shields or modification todesign Engineer out the problem30 41
 Administration controls involve introducingwork practices and procedures job rotation, regular breaks , signs Introduc...
 PPE is a last resort measure to risk control PPE may include glasses, gloves, hats earprotection Provide personal prot...
 Are the changes effective Have any new hazards be introduced Is there a need to make changes Continuos improvement44
45
 Plan - Assess - Think Maintain the “ S “ curve in the back Maintain Balance◦ A solid stance that avoids discomfort Ke...
 Comfortable work position47
 Comfortable and more Relaxed48
 Less strain on the back49
 What changes can you make to improvemanual handling What changes will you make to improvemanual handling50
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Ahcohs201 a contridute oh&s process

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Ahcohs201 a contridute oh&s process

  1. 1. AHCOHS201A1
  2. 2.  OHS&W Regulations Division 2.9 Code of Practice2
  3. 3.  Main Objectives Effective from January 1991 To prevent the occurrence of INJURY and toREDUCE the severity of injuries resulting frommanual handling tasks in the workplace3
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5.  An activity requiring the use of force exertedby a person to:◦ Lift or Lower◦ Push or Pull◦ Carry◦ Otherwise move◦ Hold or restrainA person, animal or thing58 5
  6. 6.  TO REDUCE :◦ Pain and Suffering◦ Injury Costs◦ Medical Costs◦ Lost Worker Hours◦ Worker Replacement6
  7. 7.  TO REDUCE :◦ Work cover Levy◦ Damaged Equipment◦ Investigation Costs◦ Lost Productivity7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. Posture Compressive Load on the Spine(kg)Standing 50kgsBending downwith out bendinglegs200 – 300kgsBending downwith out bendinglegs to pick up10kgs350 – 600kgs10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13.  Everyone working in allindustries High Risk Occupations◦ Construction◦ Product assemblers◦ Process workers◦ Office workers – data entry13
  14. 14.  Long term Pain and Suffering The Stigma associated with back and otherinjuries which cannot be seen Emotional Distress to the individual Loss of Morale of fellow workers Tension within families and relationships14
  15. 15.  Direct Cost◦ Compensation◦ Wages◦ Medical15
  16. 16.  Many hidden financial costs Indirect Cost◦ Production losses◦ Retraining staff◦ Training new staff◦ Fine◦ Increased work cover levy16
  17. 17.  Require employers to :◦ Identify Risks◦ Assess the Risk◦ Control Risks◦ Monitor and Review Arising from Manual Handling tasks17
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19.  A hazard is anything that has the potential tocause injury or illness Can be present or potential danger May or may not be visible - emerging19
  20. 20.  Anything that has the potential to causeinjury or illness20
  21. 21.  Methods being used to perform a task Machines in use Substances in use - package size Storage and transport Workplace practices and procedures Repetitive use of muscles Static loads21
  22. 22.  The probability or likelihood of the hazardresulting in an injury, illness or disease The likelihood of sustaining and injury orillness because of the exposure to the hazard28 22
  23. 23.  The likelihood or the chance that the hazardwill result in injury23
  24. 24.  Hazard Risk Outcome Heavy Object Lifting heavy objects Sprains /stains Sharp Surface Handling sharp object Cuts /abrasions Small forces Pruning for long periodInflammation of jointsrapid and continuously Bending Excessive Bending Sprains andstrains Twisting Excessive Twisting Sprains andstrains Vibration Holding Pneumatic Drill Loss ofFeeling19 24
  25. 25.  Minimum Effort is required to do the task25
  26. 26.  Recommended Weight:◦ 16kgs – 20kgs Depends upon the physical capabilities of theindividual26
  27. 27.  Leverage effects the load on the body27
  28. 28.  Undue stress on the back and spine28
  29. 29.  Extreme range movements Twisting while lifting Bending the spine Jerky, uncontrolled movements Jumping from heights70 29
  30. 30.  Results in discomfort or persistent pain:◦ tendons◦ muscles◦ soft tissue30
  31. 31.  Usually caused and / or aggravated by work Repetitive movement over extended periods Static muscular load31
  32. 32.  Contributing Factors:◦ Poor work station design◦ Badly designed equipment◦ Poorly designed tools◦ Poorly maintained tools◦ Lack of training◦ Lack of Administrative control measures32
  33. 33.  Risk Identification Risk Assessment Risk Control Review and Evaluate21 33
  34. 34.  Analysis of workplace injury records Consultation with employees Direct Observation◦ use a checklist as per Code - p 10 -12◦ conduct site inspections◦ inspect new equipment◦ analyze new systems21 34
  35. 35.  Risk Rating - How bad is the risk Consequences - catastrophic to negligible Probability - frequent to improbable Severity - extremely serious to low Priority - urgent to none Risk Assessment Sheet - p 13 - 2035
  36. 36. 36
  37. 37.  What can be changed to make improvements21 37
  38. 38.  Elimination Substitution Engineering Controls Administrative Controls Personal Protective Equipment Monitor and Evaluate29 38
  39. 39.  Elimination completely removes the hazard orrisk of exposure to the hazard Eliminate the hazard or risk29 39
  40. 40.  Substitution involves replace a hazardoussubstance, machinery or work process with aless hazardous one Substitute the hazard or risk29 40
  41. 41.  Engineering controls may involveisolation,guards, shields or modification todesign Engineer out the problem30 41
  42. 42.  Administration controls involve introducingwork practices and procedures job rotation, regular breaks , signs Introduce administrative control30 42
  43. 43.  PPE is a last resort measure to risk control PPE may include glasses, gloves, hats earprotection Provide personal protective equipment43
  44. 44.  Are the changes effective Have any new hazards be introduced Is there a need to make changes Continuos improvement44
  45. 45. 45
  46. 46.  Plan - Assess - Think Maintain the “ S “ curve in the back Maintain Balance◦ A solid stance that avoids discomfort Keep the Load Close to the Body70 46
  47. 47.  Comfortable work position47
  48. 48.  Comfortable and more Relaxed48
  49. 49.  Less strain on the back49
  50. 50.  What changes can you make to improvemanual handling What changes will you make to improvemanual handling50

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