Life in the New Nation
Expansion and Reform
A Mobile Society
 In 1780, 2.7 million people lived in the original

13 states.
 By 1830, the population had grown to an...
A Mobile Society
 The population could move westward because

the United States was a mobile society – one in
which peopl...
A Mobile Society
 Two major effects of

the mobile society…

– ONE:
 Americans had the opportunity to improve their live...
The Second Great Awakening
In the early 1800s, the pressures of a changing society
led many people to renew their religiou...
Manifest Destiny
 In 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal

Act, est. Indian Territory (Oklahoma), planned
for the rem...
Manifest Destiny
Many westward settlers believed in Manifest Destiny,
the idea that America’s westward expansion was
provi...
Texas Fights of Independence
Nowhere was the flow of Americans into Mexican
territory more apparent in the 1820’s than in ...
Texas Fights of Independence








In 1833, General Santa Anna took power in Mexico and
became a dictator.
American...
Texas Fights of Independence








In 1833, General Santa Anna took power in Mexico and
became a dictator.
American...
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Chapter 7 - Life In the New Nation

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Chapter 7 - Life In the New Nation

  1. 1. Life in the New Nation Expansion and Reform
  2. 2. A Mobile Society  In 1780, 2.7 million people lived in the original 13 states.  By 1830, the population had grown to an estimated 12 million people in 24 states.  From 1780 to 1830, the population of the United States doubled every 20 years.  The expanding population led to crowding, especially along the Atlantic Coast and solved this by moving westward.
  3. 3. A Mobile Society  The population could move westward because the United States was a mobile society – one in which people continually move from place to place.  The ease of movement meant that Americans could not only change their location but also their position in society – the movement had two major effects on the population.
  4. 4. A Mobile Society  Two major effects of the mobile society… – ONE:  Americans had the opportunity to improve their lives because they were not tied to the land and decided to move west to the frontier land beyond the Appalachian Mountains where they could make their own success. – TWO:  People who moved often found themselves living among strangers and as a result, felt lonely. They once enjoyed a life among family and friends in villages, but now had to develop friendships with people they had never known before. Thus they had to learn new skills and make up new rules for getting along with others.
  5. 5. The Second Great Awakening In the early 1800s, the pressures of a changing society led many people to renew their religious faith.  The 2nd Great Awakening began in the backcountry of Kentucky and Tennessee.  It was an evangelical movement that affected Protestant Christians. A movement is considered “evangelical” when it emphasized 3 ideas:  – 1: The Christian Bible, known as Scripture, is the final authority on all matters. – 2: Salvation can be achieved only through a personal belief in Jesus. – 3: People demonstrate true faith by leading a transformed life and by performing good deeds – called “witnessing for Christ”.
  6. 6. Manifest Destiny  In 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, est. Indian Territory (Oklahoma), planned for the removal of Native Americans.  By 1837, President Andrew Jackson forced the relocation of 45,000 Native Americans to the west of the Mississippi River.  Thousands of Cherokee Indians died along the way in a journey that became known as the Trail of Tears.
  7. 7. Manifest Destiny Many westward settlers believed in Manifest Destiny, the idea that America’s westward expansion was providential – from God.  Settlement driven by Manifest Destiny, and the belief that European settlers had the right to own whatever land they claimed, would erode Native American cultures east and west of the Mississippi River.  Americans saw themselves as united country and proud of their accomplishments.  They embraced the changes brought by industrialization and were determined to reap the benefits of Manifest Destiny. 
  8. 8. Texas Fights of Independence Nowhere was the flow of Americans into Mexican territory more apparent in the 1820’s than in Texas.  Stephen Austin led the first organized group of American settlers into Texas in 1822 after receiving permission from the Mexican gov’t.  By 1830, 7000 Americans lived in Texas, twice the number of Mexicans.  Later that year, Mexican gov’t passed a law further prohibiting American settlement b/c they were worried about losing Texas to immigration.  By 1835, more than 30,000 Americans lived in Texas. 
  9. 9. Texas Fights of Independence      In 1833, General Santa Anna took power in Mexico and became a dictator. American settlers demanded self-rule and in October, 1835, these settlers clashed with Mexican troops, beginning the Texas War for Independence. Battle of the Alamo – an old Spanish Mission that had been turned into a fortress by Texans; fewer than 200 men to defend the fort; leaders were William Travis and James Bowie; lasted 13 days On March 6th, Santa Ana’s soldiers made it inside the walls and took no prisoners. May 14, 1836, Santa Ana was captured and forced to sign the Treaty of Velasco recognizing the Republic of Texas – Sam Houston was their president, they had a constitution fashioned after the US Constitution.
  10. 10. Texas Fights of Independence      In 1833, General Santa Anna took power in Mexico and became a dictator. American settlers demanded self-rule and in October, 1835, these settlers clashed with Mexican troops, beginning the Texas War for Independence. Battle of the Alamo – an old Spanish Mission that had been turned into a fortress by Texans; fewer than 200 men to defend the fort; leaders were William Travis and James Bowie; lasted 13 days On March 6th, Santa Ana’s soldiers made it inside the walls and took no prisoners. May 14, 1836, Santa Ana was captured and forced to sign the Treaty of Velasco recognizing the Republic of Texas – Sam Houston was their president, they had a constitution fashioned after the US Constitution.

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