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Summit slides


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Santa Cruz County Smart Solutions to Homelessness Summit

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Summit slides

  1. 1. Welcome! Creating Smart Solutions to Homelessness:A Countywide Community Engagement Summit Saturday, Dec. 1 - Cabrillo College, Aptos CA
  2. 2. WelcomeMargarita Cortez - Executive Director, Pajaro Valley Loaves and FishesDon Lane - Mayor, City of Santa Cruz
  3. 3. Important, vital andamazing work is alreadyhappening in Santa CruzCounty…and beyond!
  4. 4. How homelessness affects our life and work + video was shown at this time +
  5. 5. Agenda & Group AgreementsGary Merrill- Former Executive Director, SantaCruz County Business Council
  6. 6. Agenda Morning session: Afternoon session:• Welcome • Current Situation• Community Perspectives • Smart Solutions (10 min break )• Group Agreements • Table Session #2• National HUD • Personal Commitment Framework • Program Evaluation• Community Action • Adjourn• Table Session #1- Lunch & Optional Table Discussions
  7. 7. Group Agreements
  8. 8. Assumptions• This is not just another meeting. This is an opportunity to reinvent the future for all people who are impacted by homelessness.• We are all here because we want to help create a better community for people experiencing homelessness.• We are all unique, yet we all have the power to work together toward common goals.• We all have a stake in the outcome of this work - personally, professionally, for our community.
  9. 9. Assumptions…continuedThis summit will not provide all the answers.This gathering is the beginning of an inclusivecommunity-based planning process that willhelp us leverage funding, utilize evidence-basedpractices and better collaborate for success. It isup to each of us to commit to taking theoutcomes of this planning summit forward.
  10. 10. Etiquette• This process is about starting with the big picture, or the “50,000 foot view”. Please trust the process and try not to get bogged down in the details. Details will come later in the planning process.• Your commitment to stay for the entire session is appreciated! Each piece builds on the next and your input and participation is essential.• Please be mindful that taking calls, checking email and texting is very distracting to group participants and your facilitators.
  11. 11. Etiquette…continued• Allow everyone a chance to share and be heard.• Listen with a “beginnerʼs mind”, allowing new and innovative ideas to be shared as well as those youʼve heard many times.• Strive to listen closely to each other and suspend judgment.• Listen for commitment for positive change behind critique or complaints.• Try not to take anything personally, and try not to make comments about any one individual.
  12. 12. How Santa Cruz Countyfits into the National HUD framework Julie Conway - County of Santa Cruz Housing Program & HAP Coordinator
  13. 13. Activities funded by thejurisdictions through the HAP• Emergency Winter Shelter - North County at the Armory - South County at the Salvation Army (*not funded in FY 2012/13• HAP Consultant and Grantwriter• Homeless Management Information System (HMIS)• Biennial Homeless Census and Survey• Ten Year Plan Implementation
  14. 14. Biennial Census
  15. 15. Santa Cruz County Homeless Action Partnership (HAP)TEN YEAR PLAN TO END HOMELESSNESS (2003 - 2013)Plan Mission: To develop and implement a coordinated system of housing and services for preventing and ending homelessness in Santa Cruz County.Key Plan Strategies:• Opening the back door of homelessness: providing more housing.• Closing the front door of homelessness: preventing housing loss.• Local and regional engagement and collaboration: working together on common purposes.• Integration of services: coordinate the health, social, mainstream and employment services people need.• Outcome-based accountability: using data to better understand what works.
  16. 16. 2011 Santa Cruz County HAP Awards Agency Program Name Project Type/Target Population Funding Permanent supportive housing:HSA/Homeless Persons’ Health M.A.T.C.H. $361,339Project (HPHP) chronically homeless adults with alcohol issuesFamilies in Transition (FIT) Clean and Sober Transitional Transitional housing: Families with $181,158 Housing childrenHomeless Services Center Page Smith Community House Transitional housing: Single adults $142,591FIT Scattered Site Transitional Housing Transitional Housing: Families with $182,448 childrenSC Community Counseling Center Freedom Cottages Permanent supportive housing: $15,353 Homeless adults with a disabilityHousing Authority/ FIT Brommer Street Transitional Transitional housing: Families with $56,000 childrenSC Community Counseling Center Anderson House Permanent supportive housing: $41,540 Homeless adults with a disabilitySalvation Army Corner House Permanent supportive housing: Single $83,137 disabled women with childrenPajaro Valley Shelter Services Sudden Street Transitional Housing Transitional housing: Families with $13,623 childrenCommunity Technology Alliance HMIS DATA/all populations $89,985 Permanent supportive housing:Housing Authority/HPHP Shelter Plus Care I - III chronically homeless adults & with mental $417,504 disabilitiesHousing Authority/HPHP Shelter Plus Care IV Permanent supportive housing; $13,848 chronically homeless with disabilities Permanent Supportive Housing:HPHP M.A.T.C.H. 3 chronically homeless with co-occuring $67,559 disorders $1,666,085
  17. 17. Nuevo Sol—$1.4MM Housing First Mod-Rehab Project
  18. 18. More Information• County Housing Section website for the HAP: ehousingprograms• HUD Homeless Assistance Programs• U.S. Inter Agency Council on Homelessness
  19. 19. Community ActionJerry Neuman- Chair, Business Leaders Task Force, Home For Good, Los Angeles
  20. 20. Problem Solution Progress Homelessness in L.A. County 51,000 homeless people  12,500 chronically homeless  6,300 episodically homeless veterans
  21. 21. Problem Solution Progress
  22. 22. Problem Solution Progress
  23. 23. Problem Solution Progress
  24. 24. Problem Solution Progress
  25. 25. Problem Solution Progress 1. Proactive, Coordinated Outreach 2. Coordinated Entry 3. Effective Low-Barrier Shelters & Permanent Supportive Housing 4. Community-wide after-care
  26. 26. Problem Solution Progress Permanent Supportive Housing  Focus on permanent housing as first, most critical goal  Provide supportive services after people are housed  Permanent supportive housing is 40% less expensive than leaving people on the streets
  27. 27. Problem Solution Progress Ed Givens Ed lived on the streets of Skid Row for over 30 years. He was an alcoholic and his health had deteriorated. He was at risk of dying on the streets. before housing
  28. 28. Problem Solution Progress Ed GivensAfter 4 years in permanentsupportive housing, Ed issober, healthier and thriving. after housing
  29. 29. The Home For Good Strategy
  30. 30. Problem Solution Progress Progress: Year 1
  31. 31. Problem Solution Progress
  32. 32. Problem Solution Progress  Leadership: Business Leaders Task Force provides leadership and accountability  Cross sector engagement: 120+ signatories  Build public will: 10,000 people participated in HomeWalk, 5K walk/run  Engage funders: launched Home For Good Funders Collaborative with $83M in public and private resources  Facilitate innovation: reduced Veteran housing process from 168  100 days
  33. 33. Barbara Poppe Charlie Beck Executive Director Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa Chief of Police U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness City of Los Angeles City of Los Angeles Donna Beiter Steve Hilton Medical Center Director President & CEO Mayor Bob Foster Department of Veteran Affairs Conrad N. Hilton Foundation City of Long BeachSupervisor Mark-Ridley Thomas Councilmember Bill Rosendahl Sheriff Lee Baca2rd District 11th District County of Los AngelesCounty of Los Angeles City of Los Angeles Nan Roman Supervisor Zev Yaroslavsky Councilmember Herb Wesson Jr. President & CEO 3rd District 10th District National Alliance to End Homelessness County of Los Angeles City of Los Angeles Supervisor Don Knabe Rabbi Klein 4th District Mayor Richard Bloom Our Faith Matters Leadership Council County of Los Angeles City of Santa Monica P.A.T.H.
  34. 34. Get Involved! Sign the pledge at Join us on Twitter & Facebook @homeforgoodla Participate in HomeWalk, Saturday, November 17th Get to know your local homeless services organization Make personal connections with homeless people Advocate to help end homelessness
  35. 35. Table Session #1What does success look like? • Imagine Santa Cruz County with dramatically less homelessness… • What are you experiencing, in your daily life, neighborhood, business? • How are agencies and organizations operating differently than they did before?
  36. 36. Current Situation what the data tell us… Mary Lou Goeke - Executive Director United Way of Santa Cruz County
  37. 37. Sources & Types of InformationNational Data Source:• US Dept. of Housing and Urban DevelopmentLocal Data Sources:• 2011 Santa Cruz County Homeless Census & Survey• 180/180 Campaign Survey Results
  38. 38. Federal Definition of Homelessness• An individual who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence, or• An individual who has a primary nighttime residence that is: – A supervised shelter providing temporary living accommodations, or – An institution that provides a temporary residence for individuals intended to be institutionalized, or – A public or private place not designated for, or ordinarily used as, a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings.
  39. 39. Snapshot of National data - with local comparisons• 636,017 people experience homelessness on any given night in the United States 2,771 in Santa Cruz County• 37% are members of families with children 17% in Santa Cruz County• Roughly two-thirds men and one third women Same in Santa Cruz County• 5% are minors unaccompanied by adults. 3% in Santa Cruz County
  40. 40. …continued: • 35% are Caucasian 65% in Santa Cruz County • 49% are African American 6% in Santa Cruz County • 13% are Hispanic/Latino 23% in Santa Cruz County • 13% are Employed 11% in Santa Cruz County • 62% have High School Diploma, GED or more 64% in Santa Cruz County
  41. 41. Over 5% of the individuals who use thehomeless shelter system identified prison,jail, or juvenile detention as their livingsituation prior to entering the shelter system. 7% in Santa Cruz County reported that immediately before they became homeless this time they were in jail or prison.
  42. 42. • 9% had been in foster care during their youth 12% in Santa Cruz County had been in foster care during their youth• 22% are considered to have serious mental illness or are disabled. In Santa Cruz County 18% self-report serious mental illness and 26% report physical disability• 30% have substance abuse problems 38% report substance abuse problem in Santa Cruz County• 58% report having trouble getting enough food to eat. 31% in Santa Cruz County
  43. 43. Other important data points…• 67% lived in Santa Cruz County before they became homeless• 77% were unsheltered• 23% were sheltered in some kind of facility or program• 45% have been homeless more than one year• 4% of local housed residents reported having someone staying temporarily with them who would otherwise be homeless
  44. 44. Point-in-Time comparisons (2011):Los Angeles County 45,422Santa Clara County 7,067Fresno County 5,135Sonoma County 4,541Santa Cruz County 2,771Monterey County 2,699San Luis Obispo County 2,129Mendocino County 1,456Marin County 862Yolo County (Davis) 468Napa County 230
  45. 45. Chronic HomelessnessThe Federal government defines a chronichomeless person as someone with a disablingcondition and who has either been homeless fora year or more or has had at least four episodesof homelessness in the past three years.“Disabling condition” -- includes a physical ordevelopmental disability, mental illness, severedepression, post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD), chronic health problems, or substanceabuse.
  46. 46. Survey findings from 180/180 campaign• Set out to survey the most vulnerable, chronically homeless men and women in Santa Cruz County -- meaning people with serious health conditions and risk factors who are most likely to die if not moved into a healthier situation.• Completed more than 440 one-on-one surveys with 251 (57%) found “vulnerable”.
  47. 47. 180/180 findings:• 75% male / 24% female• 12% are Veterans• 26% are over 60 years of age• 22% had been in foster care• 8 years = average length of time homeless• 20 years = average length of residency in Santa Cruz County• 19% most often sleep in a shelter / 16% in vehicle / 54% outside (parks, benches, streets)
  48. 48. 180/180 findings, continued…• 46% have a permanent physical disability that limits mobility• 42% have had a serious head or brain injury that required hospitalization• 49% had been in the Emergency room in the 3 months prior to the survey date• 55% have been the victim of violent attacks since becoming homeless
  49. 49. Smart Solutions Monica Martinez - Executive Director Homeless Services Center
  50. 50. Solutions toHomelessness
  51. 51. Temporary Law Local Shelter Enforcement PsychiatricOrdinances HospitalEmergency Jail
&Healthcare Courts Detox
& AddicConCounseling Basic
Needs Spiritual Food Support
  52. 52. Smart Solutions toHomelessness• Evidence-Based• Cost Effective• Create Measurable Results
  53. 53. Smart Solutions are Evidence-Based Portland Minneapolis Chicago 
Planning Rapid
Re‐housing Housing
Inmates 43%
in 12%
in Housed
Release Homeless
Families Total
Homelessness Boston San
Francisco Inter‐Agency
Collabora7on Suppor7ve
Housing 21%
in 28%
Homelessness Cincinna7 Centralized
Intake Long
Beach 46%
in Recupera7ve
Care Homeless
Annual Tulsa Savings
Hospitals Family
Interven7on 80%
Youth TransiConed
  54. 54. Smart Solutions Are Cost Effective
  55. 55. Smart Solutions Have Measurable Results  Numbers Served  Increased Housing Placement Outcomes  Decreased Number of Street Releases from Institutions  Decreased Cost of Emergency Care  Increased Housing Stability and Retention  Decreased Length of Episode of Homelessness  Decreased Total Homelessness
  56. 56. Four examples ofSmart Solutionsto reduce and end homelessness: 1. Permanent Supportive Housing 2. Homeless Prevention and Rapid Re- Housing Program 3. Transition Age Youth Programs 4. Transitional Job Programs
  57. 57. Smart Solution example #1:PermanentSupportive Housing Christine Sippl - Director, County of Santa Cruz Homeless Personsʼ Health Project
  58. 58. Smart Solution example #1:Permanent Supportive Housing (primary target is chronically homeless)After decades of investing in caring and compassionate shelter and feeding programs across the US, how did we end up with so many people who became chronically homeless – for years ? “Every system is perfectly designed to achieve exactly the results it gets. So if we keep doing what we are doing….weʼre bound to keep getting the same results” - Batalden / Deming
  59. 59. The Un-Normal, “Hockey Stick Shaped Curve”for public expenditures related to homelessness Facts: • 80% homeless for a very short time • 10% episodically homeless • 10% chronically homeless
  60. 60. Permanent Supportive Housing (PSH) what it is and what it isnt…• Itʼs NOT: newly built nor a special kind of building• It IS: A bundling of resources and assistance that allow someone to access and sustain housing who would likely never accomplish this on their own
  61. 61. The “H” in PSHHousing• Typically rental housing (SRO, studio, 1 bedroom, alone, or shared)• Not shelter, not a transitional housing program, not sleeping on someoneʼs couch Must be affordable to people with extremely low monthly incomes • Soc. Sec. income for disabled: $865 • General Assistance from County: $325 • Minimum wage half-time job after taxes: $625
  62. 62. The “H” in PSH We make the “H” affordable through a rent subsidy• Federal, State, Locally funded rent assistance programs• Many Program Options
  63. 63. The “P” in PSHPermanent – Means your name is on the lease, and as long as you follow the rules of your lease and pay your rent, you get to stay in your housing, permanently.
  64. 64. The “S” in PSHSupport – Means that the support needed to qualify for, find, apply for, lease up, enter and sustain housing is provided • Level of support needed varies by person and through time • Every thing from learning how to shop and cook to help getting through a mental health crisis
  65. 65. The “S” in PSHBest Practices - Housing Support • Individual goals, needs and priorities • Integrate treatment and services • Vary support • Recovery and Re-integration • Dreams, Skills, Training, Employment
  66. 66. PSH – What Else?• Remember – who is PSH for?• “Housing First” approach essential• Housing is Treatment• Science of Motivation and change
  67. 67. What makes PSH a Smart Solution?Proven and Evidence Based – Studied and documented • 2004 NYC Pathways Program • 2008 Seattle 1811 Eastlake • 2009 Chicago Housing and Health Partnership • 2010 Key Strategy - National Plan to End Homelessness
  68. 68. What makes PSH a Smart Solution?Measurable ResultsCommunities carefully measure theirPSH Outcomes: • Housing retention periods • Reduced post-PSH emergency services • Improved self-care management • Fewer chronically homeless people counted • Increased employment in the community
  69. 69. What makes PSH a Smart Solution? Saves Public Money By Stopping the revolving door • Streets • Ambulance • Jail • Hospital • Shelter • Streets
  70. 70. What makes PSH a Smart Solution?• Saves Public Money AND• Lets us use it in ways that are Truly Effective Less emergency service resources for chronic homelessness equals more resources for the 80% who succeed with just a little bit of help
  71. 71. Smart Solution example #2:Homeless Prevention and RapidRe-Housing Program Norma Sanchez - Program Coordinator, The Shelter Project, Community Action Board of Santa Cruz County
  72. 72. {no slides for this section… …speaker used notes}
  73. 73. Smart Solution example #3:Transition Age YouthProgram Susan Paradise - Program Manager, Transition Age Youth Programs, Santa Cruz Community Counseling Center
  74. 74. Focusing on Foster Youth: A Smart Solution to Prevent Homelessness
  75. 75. SCCCC Transition-Age Youth Programs• Transition Age Youth Programs serve current and former foster youth ages 15-24.• Our mission is to support and empower youth in making a healthy transition into successful adulthood SCCCC = Santa Cruz Community Counseling Center TAY = Transition Age Youth
  76. 76. Youth in Foster Care• Upon entering foster care, the majority of youth have experienced the psychological risk factors of abuse and neglect, exposure to illicit drugs, and poverty.• Entering foster care, youth experience the trauma of being taken away from their siblings, support systems, and only family theyʼve ever known.
  77. 77. While in Foster Care• 30% of youth have eight or more placements with foster families or group homes.• 65% experience seven or more school changes from elementary through high school.• Every time one of these changes occurs, it is another disruption, another loss, another trauma.
  78. 78. Why focus on youth leaving the foster care system?Young adults aging out of the foster care system have not yet failed into homelessness, poverty, or incarceration — but statistics show us that many soon will.
  79. 79. What we know about youth leaving the foster care systemUpon exiting the California Foster Care System: • 65% face an imminent housing needWithin 12 to 24 months: • 40% will be unemployed • 25% will have been incarcerated • 50% will have experienced homelessnessWithin 30-48 months: • 60% of the females will have children of their ownOver time: • 40-50% will never complete high school • Less than 5% will complete college • 50% suffer from chronic health conditions • 50-60% have moderate to severe mental health problems
  80. 80. What we know about youthleaving the foster care system• 25% of foster youth cope with symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after leaving foster care. This is double the PTSD rates of veterans returning from recent wars, and over six times the rate among the general U.S population• 33% of all foster care alumni have no form of health insurance
  81. 81. What do we know about therelationship between homelessness and foster care? • 27% of the homeless population spent time in foster care. • Parents with a history of foster care are twice as likely to see their own children placed in foster care or become homeless.
  82. 82. What does it cost?Annually, failure to take action to improveoutcomes for foster youth costs the nation:• $4.8 billion in criminal justice–related costs;• $116 million in costs stemming from unplanned parenthood;• $749 million in loss of earnings due to foster youthʼs lower rates of educational attainment and employment.
  83. 83. Costs for Non Foster Youth• 50% of youth ages 18 to 24 live at home, and over 60% receive economic support from their parents.• Youth generally do not achieve self-sufficiency until the age of 26, and receive an average of $50,000 in parental support during their transitional years.• The next slide gives some examples of this kind of costs associated with this support
  84. 84. Support typical young people take for granted• School supplies, books, and tuition• Transportation to and from school or work• A safe and stable place to do homework• A welcoming place to go during holidays• Clothes for job interviews/ work uniforms• A California ID/ Copy of birth certificate• A bed, sheets, blankets, towels, etc.• Role models for educational and career success
  85. 85. Supporting Foster Youth• Unlike their peers in the general population, foster youth almost always lack the familial support young people often take for granted.• To have a shot at making a successful transition into adulthood, foster youth will need community support.
  86. 86. Level the Playing Field• Foster youth who receive services and support to improve their outcomes will rely less on government aid, earn higher wages, pay taxes, and make more positive contributions to their community throughout their lifetimes.• The following slide lists 5 evidence-based practices to prevent homelessness among foster youth.
  87. 87. Smart Solutions to Prevent Homelessness• Promote Educational Attainment• Connect Youth with Employment and Career Training• Enhance Access to Safe and Affordable Housing• Help Youth Access and Manage Health Care• Help Youth Build Stable and Lifelong Relationships
  88. 88. SCCCC TAY Programs Start Early• In line with these best practices, we start early.• Every foster youth in Santa Cruz County is referred to TAY Programs at age 15.• We support youth in attaining independent living skills including education, employment, housing, money management, nutrition, and healthy relationships.
  89. 89. SCCCC TAY Programs Start Early• Workshops at Cabrillo to help youth feel comfortable on a college campus• Educational Rewards Program that pays incentives for academic progress.• Driverʼs Training Program• Experiential Job Group – assistance with resumes, applications, work clothes, and interviews that lead to real jobs.
  90. 90. SCCCC TAY Programs Resource CenterOpened in response to increasing numbers of homeless former foster youth• Safe and welcoming drop in environment• Independent study class, computer lab• Laundry, shower and hygiene supplies• Hot meal and free bag of groceries• Social activities and support• Moms Support Group• Connections to resources and benefits
  91. 91. Transitional Housing for Former Foster Youth (TVP)• Partnership with Santa Cruz Housing Authority- 8 slots• 18 month transitional Section 8 vouchers• Assistance for youth finding and maintaining housing out in the community• Weekly counseling and life skills coaching• Incentives for educational and employment progress
  92. 92. Transitional Housing for Former Foster Youth (THP Plus)• State Funded – 15 slots• 24 months of supported housing for former foster youth between ages 18-24.• Participants receive assistance with• Rent and utilities• Food• Educational expenses• Savings account
  93. 93. THP Plus (continued)• They also receive emotional support, weekly counseling and life skills coaching, and connections to community resources.• The financial support in this program declines over time so that youth are actually living independently at the end of 24 months.
  94. 94. THP Plus WorksStatistically, youth participating in Californiaʼs THP-Plus have experienced success:• Increasing rates of employment• Increasing level of wages• Increasing community college enrollment• AND 92% EXIT INTO STABLE HOUSING 
  95. 95. Annual Cost / Benefit Analysis• Housing a former foster youth in a program providing supportive services costs an average of $25,000• Without services, homelessness may lead to these more likely outcomes:• Incarceration for the same young adult in a California prison is $47,000• Residence for the same young person in a mental health facility is $215,000
  96. 96. What can I do to be part of the smart solution?• You donʼt have to be a professional to mentor a current or former foster youth in some way• Tutor a former foster youth• Employ a former foster youth• Rent to a former foster youth• Become a foster parent to a teenager• Support current programs that work 
  97. 97. Smart Solution example #4:Employment Solutions toHomelessness Darrie Ganzhorn - Executive Director, Homeless Garden Project
  98. 98. Employment Solutions to Homelessness Transitional Jobs (TJ) is a workforce strategy designed to overcome employment obstacles by using time-limited, wage-paying jobs that combine real work, skill development, and supportive services, to transition participants successfully into the labor market.
  99. 99. Employment Solutions to Homelessness National Transitional Jobs Network (NTJN)Working to End Homelessness: Natʼl Community of Practice Goals: • Identify and advance best practices & a federal policy agenda for workforce solutions to homelessness; • 20 practitioners from 14 states • Serving a variety of individuals experiencing homelessness • Using Transitional Jobs models
  100. 100. Employment Solutions to HomelessnessGoals of Transitional Jobs: Stabilize individuals and families with earned income Learn the expectations of the workplace experientially• Address barriers to work• Build a work history and references Access incentives like the Earned Income Tax Credit• Gain skills and experience to transition into unsubsidized employment
  101. 101. Employment Solutions to HomelessnessBarriers to Employment: • Low education and literacy • Physical disabilities • Work history gaps • Mental health issues • Lack of transportation • Substance use issues • Family obligations • Fear of losing public benefits • Lack of stable address or • Criminal records phone • Weak labor markets • Lack of hygiene or clothing • Weak social skills or networks • Low self-esteem • Discrimination • Poor health
  102. 102. Employment Solutions to HomelessnessProgram Structures Vary  Scattered site  Work crew  Social Enterprise (HGP Model)  Tiered: with graduated levels of participant responsibility and stress  Stepped: TJ in which participants are transitioned from full to partial wage subsidies
  103. 103. Employment Solutions to HomelessnessSocial enterprise:“An organization or venture within an organization thatadvances a social mission through market-based strategies.”Focus:Roberts Economic Development Fund, a San Francisco-based venture philanthropy organization that creates jobsand employment opptʼs for people facing the greatestbarriers to work. REDF has supported more than 50 socialenterprises.REDF has pioneered Social Return on Investment metricsand analysis
  104. 104. Employment Solutions to Homelessness Roberts Economic Development Fund: Founded in 1997: The 50 social enterprises have:  Employed 6,500 people;  Earned revenues of more than $115 million;  Three-fourths (77%) of social enterprise employees interviewed two years later were still working;  Average employee wages had increased by nearly one-third (31%) and monthly incomes had almost doubled (90%).
  105. 105. Employment Solutions to Homelessness IPS (Individual Placement and Support) Employment An evidence-based practice developed at Dartmouth that is designed to help people who have serious mental illness work at regular jobs of their choosing. This model is well defined by eight practice principles and a 25-item fidelity scale.
  106. 106. Employment Solutions to Homelessness IPS (Individual Placement and Support) Employment Results: Mean competitive employment rate of 62% compared with 23% for traditional vocational service (16 randomized controlled trials)
  107. 107. Employment Solutions to HomelessnessOutcomes of TJ Programs:• Highly successful at getting people with barriers toemployment successfully working again.• Participants show increased wages and less reliance on publicbenefits over time.• Reduced recidivism for people recently released from prison.Participants were less likely than control group members to bearrested, convicted of a crime, or incarcerated.• TJ program impacts on employment and recidivism are strongerfor those who are more disadvantaged or at higher risk ofrecidivism.
  108. 108. Employment Solutions to HomelessnessOutcomes of TJ Programs:• Financial benefits far outweigh its costs. Based on a highly rigorous ROIanalysis, the CEO TJ program in New York generates between $1.26 and$3.85 in benefits per $1.00 of cost.• Economic ripple effect: Stimulates economic activity at businesses whereparticipants spent earnings and at businesses that sell goods and services tothose businesses where the “first round” of spending occurred.• Total wages earned by JobStart participants: $3,936,423• Proportion of wages spent in retail sector 70%• Initial Increased demand $2,755,496• Subsequent demand $2,327,292• Total $5,082,788Increased Household Earnings $1,228,676Increased employment 44
  109. 109. Employment Solutions to Homelessness“Letʼs put the jobless back to work intransitional jobs that can give them apay-check and a sense of pride.” - Barack Obama, June 16, 2007
  110. 110. Employment Solutions to Homelessness "Being jobless and accepting handouts makes me feel like society places no value on the work that I have done and can do. Working at the garden, I feel valued and productive." - HGP Trainee"A house is not a home unless it contains food and firefor the mind as well as the body. - Benjamin Franklin
  111. 111. Table Session #2Achieving Results1. What are our assets and strengths as a community that will help us achieve our vision to reduce and end homelessness through smart solutions?2. What might get in our way as we work towards our vision?3. What can you, and people in your stakeholder group, do to implement smart solutions?
  112. 112. What happens next?
  113. 113. Each and every one of us is part of the solution
  114. 114. What will you commit to?  Volunteer  Be an Educator  Take a Leadership role  Donate Money  Advocate
  115. 115. Thanks to our Sponsors…
  116. 116. …and thanks to everyoneelse who made this event possible • Summit Planning team • Appleton Foundation • Ted Altenberg -- website development • Steve Coulter -- AV equipment • Santa Cruz Street Kitchen -- lunch • Second Harvest Food Bank -- water & Spanish language translation
  117. 117. • learn more • stay connected • get