Dr. Robert Gallo of the National Cancer Institute had isolated the virus which caused AIDS. Dr. Luc Montagnier Pasteur Institute in Paris The scientific protagonists finally agreed to share credit for the discovery of HIV, and in 1986, both the French and the US names (LAV and HTLV-III) were dropped in favor of the new term human immunodeficiency virus
HIV/AIDS : This refers to cases of HIV infection, regardless of whether they have progressed to AIDS from the 38 areas (33 states and 5 U.S. dependent areas) that have had confidential name-based HIV infection reporting long enough to monitor trends. According to the number of AIDS cases, these 33 states represent approximately 63% of the epidemic in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
hiv and aids
AIDS Acquired ImmuneDeficiency Syndrome
HIV came from a similar virus found in chimpanzees - SIV.HIV probably entered the United States around 1970CDC in 1981 noticed unusual clusters of Kaposi’s sarcomain gay men in NY and San Francisco, which led to thedisease to be called GRID (Gay Related ImmuneDeficiency).By 1982 the disease was apparent in heterosexuals andwas renamed AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency).1984- Scientists(Dr. Luc Montagnier, Dr. Robert Gallo)identify HIV (initially called LAV or HTLV-III) as the cause ofAIDS1987- AZT is the first drug approved for treating AIDS http://www.avert.org/aids-timeline.htm
• Types : HIV1 & HIV2• HIV1: HIV-1A & HIV-1B• HIV-1A & HIV-2 are spread heterosexually, but HIV-1A is more virulent than HIV-2• HIV-1B dominates in Europe & the United States• SIV: Simian Immunodeficiency virus from monkeys• SIV-CPZ (Chimpanzee/ Pan troglodytes) is similar to HIV-1
Why do Most children under 15 who haveChildren have HIV/AIDS are infected through HIV/Aids their infected mothers – that is, through mother child transmission...this occurs during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding after birth. Sexual activity (the main route of disease transmission) starts in adolescence for most people worldwide. Young people who are uninformed about HIV/AIDS transmission risk becoming infected. Poverty, lack of education, lack of medical resources, and the commercial sexual exploitation of children also help spread HIV/AIDS among children worldwide.
Who are at risks of Adolescentcontracting girls and are at a disproportionately high risk ofHIV & AIDS young contracting HIV/AIDS. women Girls are physiologically more vulnerable to infection. Gender-based inequities mean “girls and women are more likely to be poor and powerless,” hence are more vulnerable to sexual exploitation and HIV/AIDS infection. Violence against girls in the form of forced or coerced sex, or CSEC also increase their chances of becoming infected.
"Education, awareness and prevention are the key, but stigmatization and exclusion from family is what makes people suffer most" -- Ralph Fiennes"No one can lead our lives for us. We are responsible for ouractions. So people—especially the younger generation---needto be very careful especially where safe sex is concerned."-- Salman Ahmad “We need to band together as a unit every day, especially to conquer the strength of the AIDS virus." -- Dustin Hoffman
NGOs and governments are working together to educate the public about HIV/AIDS and to direct individuals to clinics that offer free HIV testing.Researchers continue their efforts to find better treatments to helpthose with AIDS – and ultimately, a cureSome governments have increased funding and adopted legislation that help children with AIDS.
Anyone of any age, race, sex or sexual orientation can beinfected with HIV, but youre at greatest risk of HIV/AIDSif you:Have unprotected sex with multiple partners. Youre at riskwhether youre heterosexual, homosexual or bisexual.Unprotected sex means having sex without using a newlatex or polyurethane condom every time.Have unprotected sex with someone who is HIV-positive.Have another sexually transmitted disease, such assyphilis, herpes, Chlamydia, gonorrhea or bacterialvaginosis.Share needles during intravenous drug use.Received a blood transfusion or blood products before
Theres no vaccine to prevent HIV infection and no cure for AIDS. Prevention includes educating yourself about HIV and avoiding any behavior that allows HIV-infected fluids — blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk — into your body.HIV-negative Individual prevention: Educate yourself and others. Know the HIV status of any sexual partner. Use a new latex or polyurethane condom every time you have sex. Consider male circumcision. Use a clean needle. Be cautious about blood products in certain countries. Get regular screening tests. Dont become complacent. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hiv-aids/DS00005/DSECTION=prevention
HIV positive individual prevention: Follow safe-sex practices. Tell your sexual partners you have HIV. If your partner is pregnant, tell her you have HIV. Tell others who need to know. Dont share needles or syringes. Dont donate blood or organs. Dont share razor blades or toothbrushes. If youre pregnant, get medical care right away.http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hiv-aids/DS00005/DSECTION=prevention
"Helping kids understand aboutAIDS is the most important thing I do. Some kids like to pretend that its not happening in the world. By letting them know whats really going on, I might save someones life.“ Hydeia L. Broadbent AIDS patient and activist.
educateHIV: the Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a retrovirus that attacks the cells of the immune system. HIV is transmitted through an exchange of bodily fluids. (e.g. exposure to infected blood, during sexual activity with an infected individual, by sharing needles). It can also pass from an infected mother to her child. HIV is the virus that eventually causes AIDS.
Advocate for HIV/AIDS awareness! Educate Begin a social yourself about awareness/human HIV/AIDS. rights club. Contact local, state, and national politicians for support for HIV/AIDS. Write letters asking for their opinion on HIV/AIDS.Talk to your parents about HIV/AIDS. Be Safe! This could be Educate the adults in your Child.your life! Abhishek Shah
Sex of adults and adolescents with HIV/AIDSdiagnosed during 2006 Transmission categories of adults and adolescents with HIV/AIDS diagnosed during 2006 Victor. T, and al(2005)
REFERANCES • Copyright Indezine.com • http://www.indezine.com • More presentations at: • http://www.indezine.com/bank/ • firstname.lastname@example.org • National Institutes of Health. (2008). AIDS. Retrieved October 14, 2008, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/aids.html • Chan-Tack, K. M. (2007). Early symptomatic HIV infection. Retrieved October 14, 2008 , from http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic86.htm Mayo Clinic. (2008). HIV/AIDS. Retrieved October 14, 2008, from C:Documents and SettingsMSUDesktopDSECTION=symptoms.htm • Vistacion, T. , Reyes, R. , Salvacion, N. (2005). Principles of microbiology [Power point slides].Retrieved from http://www.raritanval.edu/servicelearning/HS/student_work/HIV_Visitacion_Salvacion_%2