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The Prehistory & Evolution of Gin

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First presented in a sell-out seminar (at 1000h in the freakin' morning! On a Saturday! During Tales 2010!), the culmination of years of the definitive research into the true history of juniper spirits, the change from medicinal tonics to recreational drinks, and how gin has evolved and spread around the world since that first fateful recreational recipe in 1495...

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The Prehistory & Evolution of Gin

  1. 1. Philip Duff Tales of the Cocktail, 24 July, 2010 with the kind support of : The Prehistory & Evolution of Gin
  2. 3. 100 A.D. (Or thereabouts) University of Alexandria Maria the Jewess
  3. 13. Paracelsus ( 1493 – 1541) “ Alcohol”= ethanol
  4. 14. 1269, Holland Jacob van Maerlant Der Naturen Bloeme
  5. 16. "He who wants to be rid of stomach pain Should use juniper cooked in rainwater. He who has cramps Cook juniper in wine It's good against the pain"
  6. 17. 1495, Arnhem/Apeldoorn (The Sloane Manuscripts) Folio 345, 51r – 51v “ Making Burned Wine ”
  7. 19. <ul>Making Burned Wine , 1495 <li>Lees-fermented wine </li></ul>
  8. 20. <ul>Making Burned Wine , 1495 <li>Lees-fermented wine
  9. 21. Cut with “ clean water or Hamburg beer ” </li></ul>
  10. 22. The Sloane Manuscripts <ul>Making Burned Wine , 1495 <li>Lees-distilled wine
  11. 23. Cut with “ clean water or Hamburg beer ”
  12. 24. The Botanicals! Cardamom </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cinnamon
  13. 25. Cloves </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul>Galanga </ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ginger
  14. 26. Grains of Paradise
  15. 27. Gorse bush
  16. 28. Nutmeg </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 29. The Sloane Manuscripts <ul>Making Burned Wine , 1495 <li>Lees-distilled wine
  18. 30. Cut with “ clean water or Hamburg beer ”
  19. 31. The Botanicals! Cardamom </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cinnamon
  20. 32. Cloves </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul>Galanga </ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ginger
  21. 33. Grains of Paradise
  22. 34. Gorse bush Juniper!
  23. 35. Nutmeg </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 36. The Sloane Manuscripts <ul>Making Burned Wine , 1495 </ul><ul><li>Lees-distilled wine
  25. 37. Cut with “clean water or Hamburg beer”
  26. 38. The Botanicals! Cardamom </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cinnamon
  27. 39. Cloves </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul>Galanga </ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ginger
  28. 40. Grains of Paradise
  29. 41. Gorse bush Juniper!
  30. 42. Nutmeg </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 43. 1582, Holland
  32. 44. 1582, Holland A Guide To Distilling, Casper Jansz. Coolhaes.
  33. 45. 1582, Holland A Guide To Distilling, Casper Jansz. Coolhaes. Korenbrandewijn... “ in aroma and taste is almost the same as brandy-wine ” and is “ not only named brandywine but also drunk and paid for as brandywine ”
  34. 46. 1582, Holland A Guide To Distilling, Casper Jansz. Coolhaes. Korenbrandewijn... “ in aroma and taste is almost the same as brandy-wine ” and is “ not only named brandywine but also drunk and paid for as brandywine ”
  35. 47. Genever 101
  36. 48. Genever 101 <ul><li>Protected by EU 110/2008 </li></ul>
  37. 49. Genever 101 <ul><li>Protected by EU 110/2008
  38. 50. Must be made in Holland, Belgium, 2 west German provinces or 2 north French ones. </li></ul>
  39. 51. Genever 101 <ul><li>Protected by EU 110/2008
  40. 52. Must be made in Holland, Belgium, 2 west German provinces or 2 north French ones.
  41. 53. Must contain juniper, does not have to be discernible. </li></ul>
  42. 54. <ul><li>Jonge (young): </li></ul>
  43. 55. <ul><li>Jonge (young): min. 35%, max. 15% maltwine, max. 10g/sugar per liter </li></ul>
  44. 56. <ul><li>Jonge (young): min. 35%, max. 15% maltwine, max. 10g/sugar per liter
  45. 57. Oude (old): </li></ul>
  46. 58. <ul><li>Jonge (young): min. 35%, max. 15% maltwine, max. 10g/sugar per liter
  47. 59. Oude (old): min. 35%, min. 15% maltwine, max. 20g/sugar per liter </li></ul>
  48. 60. <ul><li>Jonge (young): min. 35%, max. 15% maltwine, max. 10g/sugar per liter
  49. 61. Oude (old): min. 35%, min. 15% maltwine, max. 20g/sugar per liter
  50. 62. Korenwijn : </li></ul>
  51. 63. <ul><li>Jonge (young): min. 35%, max. 15% maltwine, max. 10g/sugar per liter
  52. 64. Oude (old): min. 35%, min. 15% maltwine, max. 20g/sugar per liter
  53. 65. Korenwijn : min. 38%, min. 51% maltwine, max. 20g/sugar per liter </li></ul>
  54. 66. <ul><li>Jonge (young): min. 35%, max. 15% maltwine, max. 10g/sugar per liter
  55. 67. Oude (old): min. 35%, min. 15% maltwine, max. 20g/sugar per liter
  56. 68. Korenwijn : min. 38%, min. 51% maltwine, max. 20g/sugar per liter
  57. 69. No aging requirement, but if mentioned on label, min. 1 year in barrels of 700l or less </li></ul>
  58. 75. 1585, Antwerp Holland Ass-Kicked By Spain
  59. 76. 1585, Antwerp Holland Ass-Kicked By Spain
  60. 77. 1623, London “ The Duke of Milan ” by Philip Massinger
  61. 78. BULLSHIT WARNING!!! BULLSHIT WARNING!!! BULLSHIT WARNING!!! BULLSHIT WARNING!!! BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!BULLSHIT WARNING!!!
  62. 79. “ I Did Not Have Sex With That Woman”
  63. 80. “ I Did Not Have Sex With That Woman”
  64. 81. The American Bartending School
  65. 82. The American Bartending School
  66. 83. “ I'm What You Call A Mixologist”
  67. 84. “ I'm What You Call A Mixologist”
  68. 85. Franciscus Sylvius de la Boe “ Dr. Sylvius” 1614: Born (Hanover) 1658: Professor (Leiden) iatrochemist
  69. 86. 1606: “ Distilled wine, genever water, fennel & anise water ” taxed in Amsterdam 1608: Sylvius born. 1623: Word “genever” In common use
  70. 87. 1689, England King William III (King Billy)
  71. 88. 1715 – 1751, England The Gin Craze
  72. 89. 1708, Menorca Mahon Gin
  73. 90. The Many Lives of Old Tom
  74. 91. 1820s – on England, Gin Palaces
  75. 92. 1769 – 1876 England, The Gin Dynasties
  76. 93. 1769 – 1876 England, The Gin Dynasties <ul><li>1769: Gordon's
  77. 94. 1793: Plymouth
  78. 95. 1830: Tanqueray
  79. 96. 1876: Beefeater </li></ul>
  80. 97. 1830, London Never Trust A Man Named...
  81. 98. Phylloxera 1860, Europe
  82. 99. 1920, USA Prohibition, yay!
  83. 100. 1950s: Gin Takes Over The World
  84. 101. 1950s: Gin Takes Over The World
  85. 102. 1960s: James Bloody Bond
  86. 103. 1988:
  87. 104. 1988: Bombay Sapphire
  88. 105. 1995, London The Atlantic Bar & Grill
  89. 106. New York The Rainbow Rooms
  90. 107. 1997, London & New York Cool Britannia
  91. 108. 2008: What is Gin?
  92. 109. 2008: What is Gin? 37.5% Alcohol and...
  93. 110. 2008: What is Gin? 37.5% Alcohol and... “ Gin”= Ethyl alcohol + flavouring, predominant juniper taste.
  94. 111. 2008: What is Gin? 37.5% Alcohol and... “ Gin”= Ethyl alcohol + flavouring, predominant juniper taste. “ Distilled gin” = Ethyl alcohol redistilled with juniper and/or flavourings.
  95. 112. 2008: What is Gin? 37.5% Alcohol and... “ Gin”= Ethyl alcohol + flavouring, predominant juniper taste. “ Distilled gin” = Ethyl alcohol redistilled with juniper and/or flavourings. “ London gin” = Ethyl alcohol redistilled with all natural botanicals present, no flavourings.
  96. 113. Thank you for your attention! The Prehistory & Evolution of Gin Philip Duff Tales of the Cocktail, 24 July 2010 [email_address] www.slideshare.net/philipduff

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