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UPDATED The Cinchona Chronicles with Philip Duff, v2, Feb 2020 London

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Seminar on quinine and quinine amaro and liqueurs, updated for 2020

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UPDATED The Cinchona Chronicles with Philip Duff, v2, Feb 2020 London

  1. 1. with Philip Duff powered by The Cinchona Chronicles @philipduff @fcbaliva @philipsduff @ferrochinabaliva
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. CINCHONA TREE 3
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. • China / China bark • Quina-quina • Jesuit's bark / Jesuit's powder • Fever tree • Calisaya
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. Quinine benefits TREATS MALARIA KILLS PARASITES REDUCES FEVER REGULATES HEARTBEAT CALMS NERVES STIMULATES DIGESTION KILLS GERMS REDUCES SPASMS KILLS INSECTS RELIEVES PAIN KILLS BACTERIA AND FUNGI 7
  8. 8. PHOSPHORESCENT 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. Countess of Chinchón DOÑA FRANCISCA ENRIQUEZ DE RIVERA VIRREYNA DEL PERU 1 0
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. Cinchona - “china”  C. Ledgeriana or c. succirubra  1630s: First used as anti-malarial in it's native Peru  1640: First used in Europe; Jesuits, popes, royals  1820: Antimalarial quinine isolated  Mid-1800s: Dutch & UK smuggle seeds to Java & Ceylon  1918: Dutch near-monopoly, but then WWI & WWII  1944: Quinine synthesized  2016: - Africa now world's largest producer
  13. 13. Amaro: EU 110 / 2008 “Bitter-tasting spirit drinks or bitter (a) Bitter-tasting spirit drinks or bitter are spirit drinks with a predominantly bitter taste.” (b) The minimum alcoholic strength by volume of bitter-tasting spirit drinks or bitter shall be 15 %. (c) Bitter tasting spirit drinks or bitter may also be sold under the names ‘amer’ or ‘bitter’ with or without another term.”
  14. 14. Amaro: EU 110 / 2008
  15. 15. Amaro: EU 110 / 2008 Geographical protections for bitter-tasting spirit drinks  Demänovka bylinná horká, Slovakia Rheinberger Kräuter, Germany  Trejos devynerios, Lithuania Slovenska travarica, Slovenia
  16. 16.  Amari, esp. china elixirs Cinchona - “china”
  17. 17.  Amari, esp. china elixirs  Vermouth (1786) Cinchona - “china”
  18. 18. Cinchona - “china”  Amari, esp. china elixirs  Vermouth, quinquina
  19. 19.  Amari, esp. china elixirs  Vermouth, quinquina Cinchona - “china”
  20. 20.  Amari, esp. china elixirs  Vermouth, quinquina Quinquina: EU 1601/91 “Bitter aromatized wine with quinine” Cinchona - “china”
  21. 21.  Amari, esp. china elixirs  Vermouth, quinquina  Hercules Cinchona - “china”
  22. 22.  Amari, esp. china elixirs  Vermouth, quinquina  Hercules  Caperitif (but its vermouth!) Cinchona - “china”
  23. 23.  Amari, esp. china elixirs  Vermouth, quinquina  Tonic water 1825 on – English in India
  24. 24.  Amari, esp. china elixirs  Vermouth, quinquina  Tonic water 1825 on – English in India 1858 – Erasmus Bond, London
  25. 25. Spain GINTONIC 25
  26. 26.  Amari, esp. china elixirs  Vermouth, quinquina, americano  Tonic water  Bitter lemon
  27. 27.  Amari, esp. china elixirs  Vermouth, quinquina, americano  Tonic water  Bitter lemon  Irn Bru
  28. 28.  Amaro (a bitter spirit drink, so not a quinquina), containing cinchona (“china”) and iron citrate (“ferro”), min. 15% ABV (30 proof). Ferro China Amaro
  29. 29. Just to get things straight... Non-alcoholic Alcoholic Wine based Spirit based Has quinine? Has iron citrate? Tonic water X X Irn Bru X X X Vermouth X X Quinquina X X X China elixir X X X Ferro china X X X X Ferro China Amaro
  30. 30. So how, when & why did the Ferro China Category come to exist? Why in Italy? And why is there only one brand in Italy left? Ferro China Amaro
  31. 31. Tons Of Crazy, Shady Stuff  Strychnine, strychnos nux-vomica tree  Cocaine, paper by Paolo Mantegazza, professor in Milan (1860)  China Marziale – china + nux vomica + cocaine
  32. 32.  1863: Vin Mariani, French-Corsican Angelo Mariani  6mg to 7.2mg cocaine extract/oz.  Fans: Queen Victoria, Thomas Edison  Vatican gold medal from Pope Leo XIII Tons Of Crazy, Shady Stuff
  33. 33. - 1863: Vin Mariani - Inspired Coca-Cola (1885) Tons Of Crazy, Shady Stuff
  34. 34.  Korea declares independence from China.  International Olympic Committee founded.  State of New York enacts first dog- licensing law.  Both Baliva and Bisleri brands of ferro china born - the first entirely Italian health tonic brands 1894
  35. 35. Dr. Ernesto Baliva  Born 1863  Graduated medical school 1880s  Worked Red Cross, battling malaria in south Italy  Worked Farmacia Langeli, licensed to import china since 1838  Created Ferro China Baliva 1894, outsourced production to Pompilio Benedetti & received royalties.  Benedetti exported to US during Prohibition as “medicinal alcohol”
  36. 36.  Adults: a shot before dinner, also as aperitif  Children: a spoon before bed, or whipped into an egg yolk Ferro China Baliva
  37. 37. PRODUCTION PROCESS
  38. 38.  Every distilling manual 1850-1900 had FC recipes  Exports to the Americas, Asia, India - The Ferro China Craze
  39. 39. The Argentina Connection - Ferrocarril (Railway)  1 part ferro china  1 part Pineral  1 part vermouth  1 dash maraschino liqueur  1 dash grenadine syrup Shake with ice Strain into cocktail coupe
  40. 40. @philipduff @saperebere #IronAmaro #TOTC2016 Then Suntans Became Popular...  1922: Fascists valued suntans & healthiness (“workers”)  1923: Coco Chanel, Josephine Baker
  41. 41. @philipduff @saperebere #IronAmaro #TOTC2016 1914: Slight Interruption To Our Scheduled Programming
  42. 42. @philipduff @saperebere #IronAmaro #TOTC2016 1939: ...And Again.
  43. 43. 2015 Diageo cease production of Ferro China Bisleri 2017 Pallini resume production of Ferro China Baliva
  44. 44. with Philip Duff powered by The Cinchona Chronicles @philipduff @fcbaliva @philipsduff @ferrochinabaliva
  45. 45. Thank you for your attention! This slide deck: www.slideshare.net/philipduff Philip Duff: philip@liquidsolutions.org

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