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By
Philip Gamaghelyan
 Born inYerevan, moved to the US in 2000
 Managing Editor: Caucasus Edition (www.caucasuedition.net)
 Co-Director: Imag...
 Nagorno-Karabakh Peace Process:
challenges, obstacles, needs
 Social Media and NK conflict
 NK Peace Process: OSCE Negotiations, no
progress on economic cooperation, security,
negative propaganda and perceptions ...
 Propaganda by Governments and Media
 ‘Us vs.Them’ Dichotomy in Historical Narratives
 Closed Borders,Absence of Commun...
 Express/emphasize information that is
positive about “us”
 Express/emphasize information that is
negative about “them”
...
 Trace ancestry to 6th Century BC
 Do not acknowledge Azerbaijanis as a distinct
ethnic group
 Ascribe to Azerbaijanis ...
 Trace their ethnic ancestry from theTurks and
Caucasian Albanians
 Cultural traditions are mainly those of Shi’a Islam
...
 In the last 20 years the narratives have grown
increasingly hostile.
 Each portrays its own group as indigenous and
pea...
 Social Media (SM) is just a tool
 Hard to Control (initial blogs followed
propaganda pattern; later not so much)
 Vehi...
 Georgia
 1,300,000 internet users (28% of population)
 365,900 Facebook users
 approx. 1,500 active blogs, mainly in ...
 Social Media for Social Change Conference in
Tbilisi, April 2010
 Social Innovation Camp, Tbilisi, April 2010
 Global ...
 Founded in 2007 by Armenian, Azerbaijani and
American conflict resolution practitioners.
 US-based, independent, non-po...
Imagine Dialogue and Retreat Program
History and Today
- Program was started in 2007 as one time
dialogue project for Azer...
 Conflict Resolution and Communication Skills Trainings: this component equips participants with
skills necessary for con...
 Dialogue and network building for
young professionals
 Alumni-led cross border and in-
country activities
 Conferences...
Series of Dialogue and Project Planningevents:
 May, 2007. Long Island, Maine, USA. 12 participants.
 May, 2008. Saluda,...
 May 2009 and 2010. Conflict Resolution trainings in Baku and Yerevan. Over
50 participants
 June 2009. Meetings with op...
 September 2009. Boston,
USA. Fletcher School of Law
and Diplomacy, Tufts
University. The conference
brought together 16
...
Background
 August 2009, Dialogue in Georgia: participants
initiate development of a blog and Internet-
based projects
 ...
 Launched: on April 15, 2010. On-line Journal of
Conflict Transformation: Caucasus Edition
 Purpose: contribute to impro...
 Workshop for young professionals interested in blogging in Tbilisi –
October 2010
 Neutral Zone: new blogging platform ...
Thank You
Philip Gamaghelyan
phil@imaginedialogue.com
Phil Gamaghelyan presentation
Phil Gamaghelyan presentation
Phil Gamaghelyan presentation
Phil Gamaghelyan presentation
Phil Gamaghelyan presentation
Phil Gamaghelyan presentation
Phil Gamaghelyan presentation
Phil Gamaghelyan presentation
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Phil Gamaghelyan presentation

My presentation at Eurasia International University in Yerevan on
Social Media and its Potential for Conflict Resolution: Nagorno-Karabakh case

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Phil Gamaghelyan presentation

  1. 1. By Philip Gamaghelyan
  2. 2.  Born inYerevan, moved to the US in 2000  Managing Editor: Caucasus Edition (www.caucasuedition.net)  Co-Director: Imagine Center of Conflict Transformation (www.imaginedialogue.com)  Turkish-Armenian dialogues: including with Harvard, Princeton, Fletcher.Turkish-Armenian Student Dialogue Group at Brandeis 2005-2007.  Armenian-Azerbaijani dialogues: including youth dialogue, conferences, social media, publications  MA in Conflict Resolution from Brandeis University  PhD candidate at Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution of George Mason University
  3. 3.  Nagorno-Karabakh Peace Process: challenges, obstacles, needs  Social Media and NK conflict
  4. 4.  NK Peace Process: OSCE Negotiations, no progress on economic cooperation, security, negative propaganda and perceptions fronts  Do we really have a ‘Peace-Process’ in NK?  Preparing for Peace or forWar?
  5. 5.  Propaganda by Governments and Media  ‘Us vs.Them’ Dichotomy in Historical Narratives  Closed Borders,Absence of Communication  Stereotypes Reinforced and not Challenged  Mistrust, Zero-sumVision  Pressures,Absence of Peace Community  No Avenues for Alternative or NewVoices  No space for Self-Critical Voices
  6. 6.  Express/emphasize information that is positive about “us”  Express/emphasize information that is negative about “them”  Suppress/underemphasize information that is negative about “us”  Suppress/underemphasize information that is positive about “them” ‘Ideological Square’ by LinguistTeun van Dijk (1998)
  7. 7.  Trace ancestry to 6th Century BC  Do not acknowledge Azerbaijanis as a distinct ethnic group  Ascribe to Azerbaijanis all the negative stereotypes they hold againstTurks  Consider Azerbaijnais invaders responsible for massacres, colonization, discrimination, destruction of Armenian culture  See Karabakh as a place where Armenians preserved their identity  Fear discrimination, ethnic cleansing, or possible genocide of the Nagorno-Karabakh Armenians under Azerbaijani rule
  8. 8.  Trace their ethnic ancestry from theTurks and Caucasian Albanians  Cultural traditions are mainly those of Shi’a Islam  Consider the identity to be consolidated by various accounts between 10th and 18th century  Closely identify Armenians with Russians  Consider that Armenians became majority in Caucasus after Russian-Persian wars of 18th-19th century and population exchange  Consider Armenians responsible for massacres, colonization, destruction of Azerbaijani culture  See Karabakh as a birthplace of the Azerbaijni identity and culture
  9. 9.  In the last 20 years the narratives have grown increasingly hostile.  Each portrays its own group as indigenous and peaceful, prescribing oneself only positives  Each portrays the other as archenemy who destroys their population and cultural heritage with the help of the assimilatory and discriminatory policies of the regional powers, Russia andTurkey respectively  Both consider the other’s historical accounts a lie
  10. 10.  Social Media (SM) is just a tool  Hard to Control (initial blogs followed propaganda pattern; later not so much)  Vehicle to Penetrate through closed Borders  Platform for New and Alternative Voices  Alternative Information Source (uncontrolled messages)
  11. 11.  Georgia  1,300,000 internet users (28% of population)  365,900 Facebook users  approx. 1,500 active blogs, mainly in Georgian. Topics vary, include personal, social, with few political blogs present  Armenia  1,400,000 internet users (47% of population)  76,700 Facebook users  there is a variety of blogs in all three languages- Armenian, English and Russian  Azerbaijan  3,690,000 internet users (44.4% of population)  198,340 Facebook users  Thousands of blogs in different languages, including Turkish and Iranian. The English language blogs writing on political situation in the country, but are popular due to the critical nature of their posts Source: Internet World Stats. Data from Aug, 2010 (http://www.internetworldstats.com
  12. 12.  Social Media for Social Change Conference in Tbilisi, April 2010  Social Innovation Camp, Tbilisi, April 2010  Global Voices On-line: Caucasus coverage  Eurasia Partnership Foundation: Armenia- Azerbaijani Unbiased Media Coverage  Overcoming Stereotypes in the Caucasus  Imagine Center for Conflict Transformation/Caucasus Edition project  And more ….
  13. 13.  Founded in 2007 by Armenian, Azerbaijani and American conflict resolution practitioners.  US-based, independent, non-political organization Mission: Imagine Center is dedicated to positively transforming relations and laying foundations for lasting and sustainable peace in conflict-torn societies.
  14. 14. Imagine Dialogue and Retreat Program History and Today - Program was started in 2007 as one time dialogue project for Azerbaijani and Armenian students studying in the US; -Imagine Dialogue Program today: -Network of over 100 young leaders across borders in Azerbaijan and Armenia; -2 web-sites created, one of which is an analytical publication and a blog on NK -Cross-sector work that builds bridges between decision makers, researchers, social media and young voices
  15. 15.  Conflict Resolution and Communication Skills Trainings: this component equips participants with skills necessary for constructive communication and working through conflicts.  Setting up the Objectives and Ground Rules: This interactive session allows participants to set the tone for the workshops, giving them the opportunity to focus the workshop according to their interests Interactive formation of ground rules for communication.  Analyzing Historical Narratives : This session allows a joint reflection on the way each group views its own history and exposes gaps in the way each side views the narratives of “the other”. Allows to understand the roots of stereotypes, understand the context of the ‘other side’, take a critical look at one’s own narrative  Problem Solving Workshops: This approach developed by Harvard University Professor Herbert Kelman allows the participants to look beyond positions and understand the underlying needs, fears, concerns and hopes of both societies.  Conflict Mapping: Allows participants to view the history and the present dynamics of the conflict in one interactive map. By placing themselves in the conflict map, they are empowered through the demonstration of their proximity and power to the conflict as young leaders.  Joint Project Planning/Future-Centric Thinking: Conducted at the end of the workshop, joint project planning allows participants from the different sides to brainstorm and plan projects which they can implement together.
  16. 16.  Dialogue and network building for young professionals  Alumni-led cross border and in- country activities  Conferences and research devoted to analyzing Nagorno Karabakh Conflict  Social Media and Conflict Resolution
  17. 17. Series of Dialogue and Project Planningevents:  May, 2007. Long Island, Maine, USA. 12 participants.  May, 2008. Saluda, North Carolina, USA. 14 participants  August, 2008. Catskills, NY, USA. 8 participants  May, 2009. West Virginia, USA. 14 participants.  June, 2010. Gudauri, Republic of Georgia, 16 participants  October, 2010, Tbilisi, Republic of Georgia. 8 participants
  18. 18.  May 2009 and 2010. Conflict Resolution trainings in Baku and Yerevan. Over 50 participants  June 2009. Meetings with opinion makers in Yerevan and Baku to discuss the NK conflict and prospects for its resolution.  August 2009. Retreat and Dialogue in Georgia, organized and facilitated by Imagine alumni. 16 participants.
  19. 19.  September 2009. Boston, USA. Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University. The conference brought together 16 Armenian and Azerbaijani diplomats, prominent researchers  The second conference will take place in the University of Cambridge in 2011.
  20. 20. Background  August 2009, Dialogue in Georgia: participants initiate development of a blog and Internet- based projects  September 2009, Fletcher Conference: idea of an analytical on-line publication devoted to NK emerges  2010: social media elements incorporated into all Programs of the Imagine Center  Social networking sites such as Facebook are used by participants across borders to stay in touch and generate discussion
  21. 21.  Launched: on April 15, 2010. On-line Journal of Conflict Transformation: Caucasus Edition  Purpose: contribute to improvement of the NK peace process by providing a forum for independent analysis of the conflict and its resolution; encouraging cross-border dialogue  Structure: Includes an analytical and a blog section
  22. 22.  Workshop for young professionals interested in blogging in Tbilisi – October 2010  Neutral Zone: new blogging platform for parallel posts on social and cultural topics  I said, You said – video project focused on stereotypes  Oral histories of women and other digital storytelling focused activities  Imagine 2050 - Fiction Book, Utopia on peace  Imagine 2011 – a new group of young professionals participate in dialogue, are trained in Social Media skills, get involved in cross-border on-line work
  23. 23. Thank You
  24. 24. Philip Gamaghelyan phil@imaginedialogue.com

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  • kornelij

    Jan. 30, 2015

My presentation at Eurasia International University in Yerevan on Social Media and its Potential for Conflict Resolution: Nagorno-Karabakh case

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