Permaculture2 2011


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Permaculture2 2011

  1. 1. Permaculture: a Prescription for a Sustainable Future Restoring Community, Protecting the Land and Informing the Earth’s Stewards 114 Upper Prince Street, Charlottetown Prince Edward Island, Canada C1A4S3Phone: (902) 367-0390; E-mail:
  2. 2. Permaculture = "permanent" & “culture."Its roots evolve from• the design of sustainable agricultural systems,• techniques and principles of ecologically designed communities,• urban restoration and self-reliant such a way that all life benefits (i.e. human and non-human).
  3. 3. Permaculture Ethics and Guiding PrinciplesPermaculture Ethics• Care of land;• Care of people;• Reduce consumption and share surplus.
  4. 4. Principle 1: Ethics, care of land and peopleCaring for the land,people and all lifewould be astep forward for all.
  5. 5. Principle 2: Relative locationThe strategic selectionand placement ofplants, animals,structures, etc., so thatthe yields of oneelement becomethe requirements for What does the chicken produce that can be used by other elements in the design?another element
  6. 6. Principle 3: Multiple functions, single elementEvery element shouldprovide at least threefunctions.• A "living" fence can act as a barrier, act as a windbreak, and provide food and medicine for the family.• When designed into a system, bees can provide; food, income, and pollination.
  7. 7. Principle 4: Multiple elements, single functionMultiple elements for a singlefunction adds diversity and makesthe local ecosystem moreresilient to environmentalfluctuations.For instance, for heating a structure,the elements would include:• body heat from animals,• south facing windows, and• the use of thermal mass to store the collected heat.
  8. 8. Principle 5: Efficient energy planningThe goal is to help reducethe amount of effort(primarily human labour)The property is divided intozones related to howfrequently each zone is visited.The more intensive the activitythe closer to human habitationit should be.
  9. 9. Principle 6: Biological resources• Move away from monocultures.• Mimic the diversity and resistant qualities of natural systems.• Focus on utilizing “Flower-tree” structures weave through a energy flows (water, garden. A stunning study on structure and scale, uniting the micro and macro wind, etc.) that pass worlds while resonating with another through a region. organic structure: honeycomb
  10. 10. Principle 7: Energy recyclingEnergy flowing through thesystem is used in many ways.• Water systems might create keyline swales and dams as it passes through the landscape.• Energy recycling would also include recovering biogas from waste and orientating structures to obtain maximum solar gain.
  11. 11. Principle 8: Maximize diversity• Build stability by maximizing diversity, in terms of plants animals and in terms of livelihood.• Maximize the number of beneficial interactions• Create as many microsites, and habitats as possible by increasing edges, patterns, and plant guilds.
  12. 12. Principle 9: StackingStacking time & spacemakes human systemsmore compact so largerareas of land can beput back into a morenatural state in the hopeof healing the planet.
  13. 13. Principle 10: Appropriate technologyUse implements that are E.F Schumacher,locally made, can be ‘Small is Beautiful’repaired locally, and usedwith the skills of localpeople.Also, have less reliance onfossil fuels.
  14. 14. Principle 11: ScaleReturn to smaller scaletechnology and a balancewith technical diversity.
  15. 15. Mollisons 7 Permaculture Laws• (1) Everything is connected to everything else.• (2) Everything gardens.
  16. 16. Mollisons 7 Permaculture Laws(3) Yield of a system is theoretically unlimited. Limited only by the imagination and experience of the designer.(4) "Protracted and thoughtful observation, rather than protracted and thoughtless labour."
  17. 17. Mollisons 7 Permaculture Laws5) The problem is in the solution, or everything works both ways. Problems turned into assets and wastes into resources.(6) Stay out of the bush; it is already in good order.
  18. 18. Mollisons 7 Permaculture Laws(7) Work with nature instead of against it.
  19. 19. Thank You Restoring Community, Protecting the Land and Informing the Earth’s Stewards 114 Upper Prince Street, Charlottetown Prince Edward Island, Canada C1A4S3Phone: (902) 367-0390; E-mail: