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You're irrational: Tips for designers, developers and business owners

  1. Know thy irrational self: Tips for designers, developers and business owners Phil Barrett Flow Interactive South Africa
  2. The power of FREE! 26¢ 1¢
  3. HBR poster boys Still quotable Classic Latest book
  4. There are a lot of documented cognitive biasses About 120 on Wikipedia ’ s list Bias blind spot bias: Biasses don ’ t affect you!
  5. Cognitive bias affects you as a business owner, designer, developer...
  6. Loss aversion Losses outweigh gains
  7. I ’ ll toss a coin. Will you take this bet...?
  8. Heads: I pay you R1000 Tails: You pay me R1000
  9. Heads: I pay you R2000 Tails: You pay me R1000
  10. Heads: I pay you R3000 Tails: You pay me R1000
  11. Losses are (at least) twice as powerful as gains $ Value $500 60 -$500 -120
  12. It may be an old crock, but it ’ s my old crock. Endowment effect:
  13. I my revenue stream We have a solid revenue stream. Why would we spend it on innovating an expensive new product which might fail?
  14. But you must innovate to survive “ The longer-term effect of the capital markets ’ preference for remaining at the same knowledge stage is stagnation. At some point [...] the company will be outflanked by competitors taking more exploratory approaches. Earnings will stop growing and analysts will savage the company for its lack of innovation. [...] Freeing up time and capital to engage in new activities creates enduring competitive advantage. Roger Martin, Dean of Rotman Business School, Toronto
  15. I my feature set
  16. To deal with loss aversion, reframe
  17. Framing a choice as a loss makes it less popular Imagine that the US is preparing for the outbreak of a lethal flu, which is expected to kill 600 people. Choose a program to address the problem. a) 200 people will be saved b) 1/3rd chance that 600 people will be saved. 2/3rd chance that no people will be saved. 72%
  18. Framing a choice as a loss makes it less popular Imagine that the US is preparing for the outbreak of a lethal flu, which is expected to kill 600 people. Choose a program to address the problem. a) 400 people will die. b) 1/3rd that no-one will die. 2/3rd chance that 600 people will die. 22%
  19. I my feature set: tangent Don ’ t panic and launch here Work through and find the underlying simplicity
  20. I my revenue stream: reframed You will lose your revenue stream because competitors will disrupt the market. Keep your business safe by investing in this innovation now.
  21. The IKEA effect We overvalue the things we make
  22. If you ’ ve ever built self-assembly furniture you may have noticed that you valued it more. The “ IKEA ” effect.
  23. Dan Ariely decided to test the IKEA effect. With origami frogs. They were hard to make and most people did a bad job. How much would people bid for their own frogs? And the frogs of others? And expert -made frogs?
  24. So maybe that piece of software you worked on is not quite so perfect after all.
  25. To deal with the IKEA effect, gather responses to prototypes
  26. Usability testing gives you a blast of vivid reality Can people use it? Does it make people happy? What don ’ t they understand? And why?
  27. Bonus item... Reframe: Assume you will fail “ Discovery-based planning suggests that managers assume that forecasts are wrong, rather than right, and that the strategy they have chosen to pursue may likewise be wrong. Investing and managing under such assumptions drives managers to develop plans for learning what needs to be known, a much more effective way to confront disruptive technologies successfully. Clayton Chistensen The Innovators ’ s Dilemma
  28. The identifiable victim effect We are more likely to help individuals than vaguely-defined groups
  29. Experiment, part 2: How much of your $5 would you give? This is Rokia. Her life would be changed for the better as a result of your financial gift. With your support, and the support of other caring sponsors, Save the Children will work with Rokia ’ s family and other members of the community to help feed her, provide her with an education and basic medical care.
  30. To deal with the identifiable victim effect, get out of the building (and make personas)
  31. Overcome loss aversion with reframing to invest in innovation and trim your features . Combat the IKEA effect by getting real user feedback early. Use identifiable victims to help the team to care about the people you ’ re designing for.
  32. Thanks! [email_address]