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Case for OER

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A whirlwind tour of the world of Open Educational Resources and what it might mean for Heriot-Watt University (or other similar institutions).

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Case for OER

  1. 1. An open and closed case for educational resources?<br />Phil Barker<br />ICBL, School of Maths and Computer Sciences, Heriot-Watt University.<br />By Phil Barker, © Heriot Watt University Feb 2011. <phil.barker@hw.ac.uk>.<br />This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 UK: Scotland Licence. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/scotland/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California 94105, USA.<br />
  2. 2. orA whirlwind tour of the world of Open Educational Resources and some discussion of what it might mean for Heriot-Watt.<br />
  3. 3. Define “Educational Resources”Define “Open”<br />
  4. 4. Santa’s Chair © Daniel R Blume, CC-BY-SAhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/drb62/1099880155/<br />
  5. 5. Arts and industries chair © Darren and Brad, CC-BY-SAhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/ brad-darren/2329466605/<br />
  6. 6. Bench © dcJohn CC-BY-SA http://www.flickr.com/photos/dcjohn/2946647/<br />
  7. 7. from Two Bar Stools © Rennet Stowe CC-BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/tomsaint/2897079476<br />
  8. 8. Tree Stump 2 © Ashish Joy CC-BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/myguitarzz/155124684/<br />
  9. 9. Educational Resources<br />Something useful for teaching and learning?<br />Something designed with pedagogic intent?<br />I shall be talking (mostly) about online educational resources.<br />
  10. 10. Open = Free<br />Open educational resources: Second, we call on educators, authors, publishers and institutions to release their resources openly. These open educational resources should be freely shared through open licences which facilitate use, revision, translation, improvement and sharing by anyone. Resources should be published in formats that facilitate both use and editing, and that accommodate a diversity of technical platforms. Whenever possible, they should also be available in formats that are accessible to people with disabilities and people who do not yet have access to the Internet.<br />Capetown declaration on open educationhttp://www.capetowndeclaration.org/<br />
  11. 11. Open licences<br />Retain ownership of copyright and other IPRs, but make minimal restriction on use (viewing, copying, modifying, redistributing, selling)<br />E.g. Creative commons <br />Attribution<br />Non-commercial<br />No derivatives<br />Share alike<br />
  12. 12. Some Examples of OERs<br />
  13. 13. Taken from MIT OCW site © MIT. CC-BY-NC-SA http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/electrical-engineering-and-computer-science/<br />
  14. 14. <ul><li>MIT OCW was launched in ????
  15. 15. MIT OCW has ??? Courses</li></ul>Taken from MIT OCW site © MIT. CC-BY-NC-SA http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/electrical-engineering-and-computer-science/<br />
  16. 16. <ul><li>MIT OCW was launched in 2001
  17. 17. MIT OCW has 2000 Courses</li></ul>Taken from MIT OCW site © MIT. CC-BY-NC-SA http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/electrical-engineering-and-computer-science/<br />
  18. 18. Taken from MIT OCW site © MIT. CC-BY-NC-SA http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/electrical-engineering-and-computer-science/<br />
  19. 19. Taken from Berkeley Webcast site © Berkeley university. http://webcast.berkeley.edu/<br />
  20. 20. Taken from Stanford Engineering everywhere site © Stanford University. CC-BY http://see.stanford.edu/see/courseinfo.aspx?coll=86cc8662-f6e4-43c3-a1be-b30d1d179743<br />
  21. 21. Taken from Tufts OCW site © Tufts University. CC-BY-NC-SA http://ocw.tufts.edu/<br />
  22. 22. Taken from Johns Hopkins OCW site © Johns Hopkins University. http://ocw.jhsph.edu/<br />
  23. 23. New Jersey Institute of Technology OCW site © NJIT. http://ocw.njit.edu/<br />
  24. 24. UMass, Boston OCW site © University of Massachusetts. http://ocw.umb.edu/<br />
  25. 25. University of Michigan OCW site © University of Michigan. http://ocw.umich.edu/<br />
  26. 26. Notre Dame OCW site © university of notre dame. CC:BY-NC-SA http://ocw.umich.edu/<br />
  27. 27. UC Irvine OCW site © University of California, Irvine. http://ocw.uci.edu/<br />
  28. 28. Utah OCW site © University Utah http://my.courses.utah.edu/course/category.php?id=3<br />
  29. 29. USQ Australia OCW site © University of S Queensland. CC By-NC-SA http://ocw.usq.edu.au/<br />
  30. 30. UCT Open Content site © University of Cape Town. http://opencontent.uct.ac.za/<br />
  31. 31. Carlos III OCW site © Universidad Carlos III. CC BY-NC-SA http://ocw.uc3m.es/<br />
  32. 32. OUNL OCW site © Open Univeriteit (NL). CC BY-NC-SA http://www.ou.nl/eCache/DEF/2/19/943.html <br />
  33. 33. Farabi OCW site © International University of Iran. http://farabi.ac.ir/ocw/<br />
  34. 34. Open University Israel OCW site © OU Israel. http://farabi.ac.ir/ocw/<br />
  35. 35. Hokkaido University OCW site © Hokkaido University. http://ocw.hokudai.ac.jp/<br />
  36. 36. Korea OCW © Korea University. CC BY-NC-ND http://ocw.korea.edu/ocw<br />
  37. 37. OpenLearn site © Open University. CC BY-NC-SA http://www.open.ac.uk/openlearn/<br />
  38. 38. OpenSpires site © University of Oxford. http://openspires.nsms.ox.ac.uk/<br />
  39. 39. Open Exeter Repository © University of Exeter. https://open.exeter.ac.uk/repository<br />
  40. 40. http://repository.leedsmet.ac.uk/main/index_oer.php<br />LeedsMet Repository © Leeds Metropolitan University. http://repository.leedsmet.ac.uk/main/index_oer.php<br />
  41. 41. Curve resource Centre © University of Coventry. http://curve.coventry.ac.uk/open/access/<br />
  42. 42. University of Leicester Repository © University of leicester. http://www2.le.ac.uk/projects/oer<br />
  43. 43. University of Nottingham OCW © University of Nottingham. http://unow.nottingham.ac.uk/<br />
  44. 44. So much for “big OER”,what about individuals?<br />
  45. 45. Khan Academy © Salman Khan. http://www.youtube.com/khanacademy#p/p<br />
  46. 46. Khan Academy © Salman Khan. http://www.youtube.com/khanacademy#p/p<br />
  47. 47. Multimedia Training Videos © University of Westminster. http://www.multimediatrainingvideos.com/<br />
  48. 48. brOME © M van Hoor / Bradford University. http://mvanhoor.co.uk/wordpressoer/?page_id=141<br />
  49. 49. http://forensicchemistry.lincoln.ac.uk/<br />http://forensicchemistry.lincoln.ac.uk/<br />ChemFM © University of Lincoln. CC BY-NC-SA http://forensicchemistry.lincoln.ac.uk/<br />
  50. 50. Core Material © University of Liverpool. CC BY-NC-SA http://core.materials.ac.uk/<br />
  51. 51. HumBox © University of Southampton. http://www.humbox.ac.uk/<br />
  52. 52. A few things that stretch the definition of OER<br />
  53. 53. PLOSone © Public Library of Science. CC BY http://www.plosone.org/<br />
  54. 54. OpenStreetMap © OpenStreetMap. CC BY-SA http://www.openstreetmap.org/<br />
  55. 55. OS OpenData © Ordinance Survey. Crown Copyright http://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/oswebsite/opendata/<br />
  56. 56. Data.gov.uk © Crown Copyright http://data.gov.uk//<br />
  57. 57. Arduino Mega © David Mellis CC-BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/mellis/4784333051 <br />
  58. 58. Mendel RepRap © Adrian Bowyer GNU FDL http://reprap.org/wiki/<br />
  59. 59. Reload Equipment © MC Levesley / Leeds university http://reload.leeds.ac.uk/equipment.php<br />
  60. 60. Enough examples.Who’s behind this?<br />
  61. 61. OER/OCW Initiatives<br />UNESCO<br />OER Community Wiki: http://oerwiki.iiep.unesco.org/<br />
  62. 62. OER/OCW Initiatives<br />Hewlett foundation<br />>$40million since 2001<br />Helped many of the US OCW and OU OpenLearn<br />http://www.hewlett.org/programs/education-program/open-educational-resources<br />
  63. 63. OER/OCW Initiatives<br />HEFCE: UKOER<br />Aim: institutions to set up sustainable mechanisms for making a significant amount of existing learning resources freely and openly available.<br />Extent: Phase 1, 2009-10 ~£5.7M; Phase 2, 2010-11 £5M.See also http://www.jisc.ac.uk/news/stories/2011/01/oltf.aspx<br />http://www.jisc.ac.uk/oer<br />
  64. 64. OER/OCW Initiatives<br />US Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College And Career Training (taaccct) Grants<br />$2 billion for Fiscal Years (FY) 2011 – 2014 ($500 million annually)<br />[To provide] community colleges and other eligible institutions of higher education with funds to expand and improve their ability to deliver education and career training programs…<br />The Grantee will be required to license to the public … all work created with the support of the grant (“Work”) under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (“License”).<br />From http://www.doleta.gov/grants/pdf/SGA-DFA-PY-10-03.pdf<br />
  65. 65. If you want to use it, how do you find this stuff?<br />
  66. 66. Google Search © Google <br />
  67. 67. Google Search © Google <br />
  68. 68. Other collections / search<br />Jorum: Collection of OERs from UK HEhttp://open.jorum.ac.uk/<br />OCWSearch: selection of OpenCourseWare siteshttp://www.ocwsearch.com/<br />Xpert: ~160k OER resource http://xpert.nottingham.ac.uk/<br />CC Search by Creative Commons: cross search several services.http://search.creativecommons.org/<br />
  69. 69. Why provide OERs?<br />
  70. 70. Why not?<br />(online) Educational resources are not “consumed”, you don’t lose them when you “give them away”.<br />Students don’t pay HW for content.<br />
  71. 71. OCW is not an MIT education.<br />OCW does not grant degrees or certificates.<br />OCW does not provide access to MIT faculty.<br />Materials may not reflect entire content of the course.<br />http://ocw.mit.edu/about/<br />
  72. 72. © BBC News<br />http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-11990787/<br />
  73. 73. The Ethos of HE<br />2 The objects of the University shall be to advance learning and knowledge by teaching and research particularly in Science, in Technology, and to enable students to obtain the advantages of liberal university education.<br />Heriot-Watt University charter, http://www.hw.ac.uk/ordinances/charter.pdf<br />
  74. 74. Accountability / FoI<br />It must be open to those outside the academic community to question what is being taught and to what level in our universities <br />UK Information Tribunal ruling<br />
  75. 75. Resource management<br />Image by (nutmeg) licence cc-by<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/absolutely_loverly/2348473585/ <br />
  76. 76. IPR clarity/verification<br />Image by Steve Harris licence cc-by-nc<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/steveharris/3328419931/<br />
  77. 77. Some things become simpler<br />Image by takacsi75 licence cc-by http://www.flickr.com/photos/13519089@N03/1380483002/<br />
  78. 78. Open to solutions<br />YouTube Eduhttp://www.youtube.com/education?b=400<br />
  79. 79. Shop window<br />Image by Tony Eccles licence cc-by-nc-sa<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/tonytoo/3659947093/<br />
  80. 80. 78<br />Image by Monica Bargmann licence cc-by-sa<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_mistress/1304655401/<br />
  81. 81. A reasonable estimate of recruitment influenced by OpenLearn is the approximately 10,500 students since launch who have made use of OpenLearn before they register for a course at The OU in the same online session.<br />http://newsletter.alt.ac.uk/4ii7jyi4jnx<br />
  82. 82. Open to partnerships<br />Image by University of Adelaide licence cc-by<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/the_university_of_adelaide/969267722/<br />
  83. 83. Summary<br />OER is well-established and widespread<br />OER brings benefits for us as users and providers<br />
  84. 84. Questions<br />How should we facilitate the use of OERs at HWU? <br />Should we facilitate the release of OERs from HWU?<br />
  85. 85. Licence<br />Presentation and text by Phil Barker, <phil.barker@hw.ac.uk>. Feb 2011 © Heriot-Watt University. Images ownership is indicated on each page.<br />By Phil Barker, © Heriot Watt University Feb 2011. <phil.barker@hw.ac.uk>.<br />The presentation and text is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 UK: Scotland Licence. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/scotland/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California 94105, USA.<br />Images and screenshots used under licence conditions identified on each page, or none (fair use/dealing is assumed). Contact the author if you own copyright in any of the images and wish to have it removed.<br />

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