Rizal chapter22 Exile in Dapitan (Gregorio F. Zaide)
Cebu – steamer which brought Rizal to DapitanFather Pablo Pastells Father Antonio Obach
“That Rizal publically retract his errors concerning religion and make statements that were clearly pro- Spanish against revolution. “That he perform the church rites and make a general confession of his past life. “That henceforth he conduct himself in an exemplary manner as a Spanish Subject and a man of religion”.
A Don Ricardo Carnicero poem which Rizal wrote for Captain Carnicero on the occasion of captain’s birthday August 26,1892
Butuan – mail boat which brought the news about Rizal’s winning in the lottery
P20,000 – lottery prize P6,200 of it was given to Rizal P2,000 of his share he gave to his father and P200 to Basa in Hong Kong, the rest he invested thru purchasing agricultural lands from the coast of Talisay about kilameter away from Dapitan
Three (3) pesetas – amount Rizal allotted for lottery tickets every month
“This was his firstVice” – commented Wenceslao E. Retana, his firstSpanish biographerand former enemy
The debate started when Pastells sent Rizal a book by Sarda along with an advice that Rizal should desist from his majaderas (foolishness) in viewing religion from the perspective of individual judgement and self-esteem
The debate can be read in four (4) letters. Rizal was bitter against the friars because they commit abuses under the cloak of religion. Father Pastells tried to bring back to Catholicism Rizal by telling him that human intelligence is limited, thus he needs the guidance of God
Behind the debate, Pastells and Rizal were friends as evidently pictured when: 1. Pastells gave Rizal a copy of Imitacion deCristo by Fr. Thomas a Kempis
2. Rizal gave Pastells a bust of St. Paul which he had made Rizal continued to hear mass and celebrate religious events
Rizal Challenges a Frenchman to a Duel Mr. Juan Lardet – a French businessman whom Rizal had a conflict
Rizal and Father Sanchez In his aspiration to reconcile Rizal with theChurch, Father Pastells sent to Dapitan: 1.Father Obach, Cura of Dapitan 2.Fr. Jose Vilaclara, Cura of Dipolog 3.Fr. Francisco Paula de Sanchez, Rizal’s favorite teacher at Ateneo de Manila
Estudios sobre la lengua tagala– manuscript which Rizal gave to Sanchez on his birthday (study of the tagalog language)
Idyllic Life in Dapitan Among his family members who visited Rizal were: 1.His mother 2.His sisters Trinidad, Maria and Narcisa 3.Nephews Teodosio, Estanislao, Mauricioand Prudencio
Idyllic Life in Dapitan Rizal built a house by the seashore of Talisay surrounded by fruit trees, a school for boys, and a hospital for his
Rizal’s Encounter with the Friar’s SpyPablo Mercado – assumed name of the spy who visited Rizal at his house and pretended to be a relative by showing a photo of Rizal and a pair of buttons with the initials P.M. as evidence of kinship.
Rizal’s Encounter with the Friar’s Spy The spy offered to be Rizal’s courier of letters for the patriots in Manila. Rizal became suspicious and wanted to throw the spy outside but considering his values and late hour of the night, he offered the spy to spend the night at his house. The next day, he sent the spy away
Rizal’s Encounter with the Friar’s Spy The spy stayed in Dapitan and spread talks among the people that he was a relative to Rizal. Rizal went to the comandancia and reported thei mpostor to Captain Juan Sitges (successor of Carnicero) Sitges ordered Pablo Mercado’s arrest and told Anastacio Adriatico to investigate him immediately.
Rizal’s Encounter with the Friar’s SpyFlorencio Namanana.k.a Pablo Mercado, singleand about 30 years old who washired by the Recollect friars to spyon Rizal’s activities
Rizal’s Encounter with the Friar’s SpyThe secret mission of Pablo Mercado was not an assassination attempt but espionage only.
As Physician in Dapitan Dona Teodora and Maria lived with Rizal for a year and a half. It is here when Rizal operated his mother’s right eye. Though the operation was successful, his mother had a wound infection after ignoring Rizal’s instruction of not removing the bandages. However, the infection was immediatelytreated
As Physician in DapitanDon Ignacio Tumarong Rizal’s patient who was able to see again after his operation;-he paid Rizal P3,000
As Physician in DapitanDon Florencio Azcarraga rich hacendero of Aklan who was cured of eye ailment, in turn he gave Rizal a cargo of sugar.
As Physician in DapitanRizal prescribed medicinal plants to his poor patients.
Water System for DapitanAs a perito agrimensor (expert surveyor), Rizalapplied his engineering knowledge by constructinga system of waterworks to furnish clean water tothe townspeople
Mr. H.F. Cameron –American engineer who praised Rizal for his engineering ingenuity.
Community Projects for Dapitan Rizal had 1.Drained the marshes to get rid of malaria that was infesting Dapitan 2.Equipped the town with lighting system using P500 one of his patients paid him. The lighting system consisted of: a.Coconut oil lamps 3.Beautified the town of Dapitan by remodeling the town plaza and making a huge relief map of Mindanao out of earth, stones and grass
Rizal as TeacherRizal established in Dapitan a school. It began with 3 pupils who increased to 16 and eventually 21.16 of his pupils did not pay tuition. Instead of charging them fees, Rizal made them work in his gardens and construction projects.
Rizal as TeacherFormal classes were between 2:00 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. He also applied the “emperor” system like that of Ateneo
Rizal as Teacher During recess, pupils built fires to drive awayinsects, pruned fruit trees and manured the soil. Outside class hours, students had gymnastics, boxing, wrestling, stone- throwing, swimming,arnis and boating
Hymn to Talisay-A poem Rizal wrote in honor of Talisay which he made his pupils sing
Contributions to Science Rizal sent specimens he found to the museum of Europe especially the Dresden Museum. In turn, he received scientific books and surgical instruments
Contributions to Science He had 1.Built up a rich collection of concology (consisting of 346 shells of 203 species) 2.Discovered rare specimens like: a.Draco rizali(a flying dragon) b. Apogonia rizali(a small beetle) c.Rhacophorus rizali(a rare frog) 3.Conducted anthropological, ethnographical, archaeological, ge ological and geographical studies.
Linguistic StudiesContinuing his study of languages, Rizal learned in Dapitan:1.Bisayan2.Subanum3.Malay languages
Linguistic Studies He knew by that time 22 languages as followsTagalog, Malay, Ilokano, Hebrew, Bisaya n, Sanskrit, Subanum, Dutch, Spanish, Ca talan Latin, Italian Greek, Chinese, English, Japanese, French , Portuguese, German, Swedish, Arabic, Russian
Artistic Works in Dapitan To pursue his artistic activities, Rizal 1.Contributed paintings to the Sisters of Charity who were preparing the sanctuary of the Holy Virgin 2.Made sketches of persons and things that attracted him in Dapitan
Artistic Works in Dapitan 3.Modeled a statuette called “The Mother’s Revenge” to stress the moral of the incident where a puppy of his dog, Syria, was eaten by a crocodile 4.Constructed a statue of a girl called “The Dapitan Girl”, a woodcarving of Josephine Bracken (Rizal’s wife) 5.Made a bust of St. Paul for Father Pastells
Rizal as Farmer Rizal acquired total land holdings of 70 hectares where 6,000 hemp plants, 1,000 coconut trees and numerous fruit trees, sugarcane, corn, coffee and cacao were planted. He planned to establish an agricultural colony in Sitio Ponot because it was ideal for raising cacao, coffee, coconuts and cattle. However, this did not materialize due to lack of support from the government
Rizal as BusinessmanRamon Carreon – Rizal’s business partner in Dapitan Rizal made profitable business ventures in fishing,copra and hemp industries.Hemp industry – Rizal’s most profitable business
Rizal as Businessman Once he shipped 150 bales of hemp to Manila. He purchased hemp in Dapitan at P7 and 4 reales per picul and he sold it to Manila at P10 and 4 reales. Rizal also engaged in lime manufacturing. Their lime burner had a monthly capacity of more than400 bags of lime
Rizal as BusinessmanHe organized the Cooperative Association of Dapitan Farmers to break Chinese monopoly
Rizal’s Inventive AbilityAmong Rizal’s inventions were:1.Cigarette lighter which he sent as a gift to Blumentritt called “sulpukan”2.A wooden machine for making bricks
“My Retreat”Upon restoring her eyesight, Dona Teodora returned to Manila. Seeing how busy Rizal is, she regretted neglecting her muses. She requested Rizal to write poetry. As a response, Rizal wrote “Mi Retiro” relating his serene life as an exile in Dapitan
Rizal and Josephine Brackenthe death of Leonor Rivera left a poignant void in Rizal’s heart. In his loneliness, he met Josephine
Rizal and Josephine Bracken josephine Bracken – Irish girl of sweet eighteen who was born on Hong Kong.
Rizal and Josephine Bracken James Bracken and Elizabeth Jane MacBride – Josephine’s parents who are both Irish in citizenship Mr. George Taufer – man who adopted Josephine after her mother died of childbirth
Rizal and Josephine BrackenMr. Taufer became blind so he sought for an ophthalmic specialist. This is how Josephine and Rizal met.Manuela Orlac – Filipina companion who accompanied Josephine Bracken to Dapitan.
Rizal and Josephine BrackenRizal and Josephine Bracken decided to get married but Father Obach refused to marry them without the permission of Bishop of Cebu.
Rizal and Josephine BrackenHearing of the planned marriage and unable to endure the thought of losing Josephine, Mr. Taufer tried to commit suicide by cutting off his throat with a razor but Rizal was able to prevent this.
Rizal and Josephine Bracken To avoid a tragedy, Josephine accompanied Mr. Taufer back to Manila. Mr. Taufer returned to Hong Kong alone while Josephine stayed with the Rizals in Manila. Having no priests to marry them, Rizal and Josephine married themselves before the eyes of God
Rizal and Josephine Bracken The two were happy for they were expecting for a baby. However, Rizal played a prank on Josephine making her give birth to an eight-month baby boy. The baby lived for only three hours. He was named “Francisco” in honor of Rizal’s father.
Rizal and the KatipunanPio Valenzuela – emissary to Dapitan in order to inform Rizal of the plan of Katipunan during the meeting at a little river called Bitukang Manok.Venus – steamer Valenzuela boarded to reach Dapitan
Rizal and the Katipunan Raymundo Mata – blind man who came withValenzuela to camouflage his mission Rizal objected Bonifacio’s project because: 1.The people are not ready for a revolution 2.Arms and funds must first be collected before raising the cry of revolution.
Volunteers as Military Doctor in CubaWhen Cuba was under revolution and raging yellow fever epidemic, Rizal wrote to Governor General Ramon Blanco offering his services as military doctor.
Volunteers as Military Doctor in CubaGovernor Blanco later notified Rizal of the acceptance of the offer. The notification came along with an instruction of acquiring first a pass for Manila from the politico-military commander of Dapitan.
“The Song of the Traveler”Upon receiving the acceptance of his offer to go to Europe then to Cuba to help in the curing of patients suffering yellow fever, he wrote a poem “El Canto del Viajero”
Adios, Dapitan España – steamer which brought Rizal to Manila from Dapitan Rizal was accompanied by Josephine, Narcisa, Angelica (Narcisa’s daughter), his three nephews and six pupils. As farewell, the town brass of Dapitan played the dolorous Funeral March of Chopin. He stayed in Dapitan for four years, thirteen days and a few hours.